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VV. H. B. 

KiLSKEERY Rectory, 
Dec. r877. 



HE substance of what is contained in the following 
pages appeared a few years ago in the local 
Press, as a series of letters under the title of ^ Parochi- 
alia f but as many approving readers and kind friends 
expressed a desire that the matter should be given in a 
more permanent form, the writer yields to their wishes, 
although conscious that there is little to demand atten- 
tion, beyond what may afford local interest. 

An Appendix is added, consisting of Notes, giving 
enlarged details respecting persons, places, and events, 
which are referred to in the book, and nriay render the 
volume acceptable to distant readers. 

His warm thanks and grateful acknowledgments are 
due to the Earl of Belmore, the Very Rev. Dr. Reeves, 
W. F. Wakeman, Esq,, F.R.H.A.A.I., and other kind 
friends, for much useful assistance, by affording access 
to old documents, and in other ways, which has contri- 
buted to render the compilation of greater historical 
and archaeological value. 


The chief portion of the Note respecting the Diocese 
of Clogher, has been compiled from the very valuable 
and elaborate work, Archdeacon Cotton's " Fasti." 

The stamp on the cover was permitted, by the cour- 
tesy of J. Jordan, Esq., Chairman of the Town Com- 
missioners, to be taken from an impression of the 
ancient Seal of the Corporation ; this, and the massive 
silver mace, are interesting relics of the seventeenth 


I. ENNISKILLEN TOWN, ,.. ... ... ... i 

11. THE NAME OF THE PARISH, ... ... ... lo 




V. THE OLD PARISH CHURCH, ... ... ... 33 




CHURCH, ... ... ... ... ... 50 


THE CHANCEL, ... ... ... ... 55 


... 60 
... 66 

•.. 73 




PON an island, in a strait some miles in length, 
connecting the Upper with Lower Lough Erne, 
and where the waters, flowing down from the former, 
separate into two narrow streams, the town of Ennis- 
killen took its rise, in the reign of King James the First. 
Before that period there stood at the south-west part 
(with a broad ditch or canal about it), a castle, which 
for the two previous centuries, had been the scene of 
many sanguinary frays between the hostile septs of 
O'Donnell of Donegal, and Maguire, under the chief- 
tain of Fermanagh. 

The name as spelled in Irish, is Inis Caithlen or 
Caithlinn, i.e.^ the Isle of Kehlen. In the "Annals of 
Clonmacnoise" it is stated, that this island took its name 
from Cethlen (Kehlen) wife of Balor, of the great blows, 
chief of the Fomorians, a race of pirates who infested 
the coasts of Ireland, and oppressed the inhabitants far 
into the interior. By the Irish authorities it is always 
called Inis-Cethlenn, (Cethlen's Isle.) 


The following extracts are selected from * Annals of 
the Four Masters' : — " a.d. 1439. The Castle of Ennis- 
killen was given up to Donnall Ballagh Maguire." 
" 1442, Maguire (Thomas Oge) gave up the Castle of 
Inis Ceithlinn (or Innis Sgeithlinn) to Philip Maguire, 
after letting out Edmond." " 1503, Maguire, i.e.^ John, 
son of Philip, son of Thomas More, i.e., Gilla Dew, the 
choice of the chieftains of Ireland in his time, the most 
merciful and humane of the Irish, the best protector of 
his countiy and lands, the most warlike opponent of ini- 
mical tribes and neighbours, the best in jurisdiction, 
authority, and regulation, both in Church and State, died 
in his fortress at Enniskillen, on Sunday, 7 Kal. April, 
&c., and was buried in the Monastery of the Friars at 
Donegal, which he had selected (as his place of inter- 
ment)." "1514, O'Donnell (Hugh) went with a fleet 
of long ships and boats upon Lough Erne, and took up 
his abode for a long time in Enniskillen. He plundered 
and burned the islands of Upper Lough Erne (Cuil na 
nomear), ' angle of the harbour,' and made a peace with 
the people of Fermanagh after imposing his authority 
upon them." " 1541, O'Donnell (Manus) plundered the 
whole country (Fermanagh), both lake and land, until 
he reached Enniskillen, and broke and threw down the 
Castle of Enniskillen, and returned safely from that expe- 
dition in triumph." '' 1594, After Maguire (Hugh) routed 
the men of Meath, Reillys of Cavan, and Binghams of 
Connaught, all under George Oge Bingham (Queen 
Elizabeth's Lord President of Connaught), who was con- 
veying provisions to Enniskillen, by command of the 
Lord Justice, Sir William Fitzwilliam, at the battle of 
the Ford of the Biscuits (' Atha-na-mBriosgaidh'), the 
Warders of the Castle, having heard of the defeat of the 

" The measure of the Castell of Eneskillin asfm-oeth. — Firste the Castell 
in height 56 foott. The Weste and Easte side in bredth 56 foott. The 
Northe and Southe sides in bredth 38 foott. The thicknes of the -wall 8 
foott. Itt hath no windoes but spieikt holies, as is here. The barbegan ivall 
in hith 1^ foott, atid standes distannte from the Castell 6,^ foott. The bredth 
of the Deetch att the bridge ^fi foott. ^or the land the scall which is pases, 
att ^ foott the pase. This Castell taken the 17 offfcbrnare 1593, by Captt7i 
John dowdall then governor. — Made ajid dnn by John Thomas, Solder." 
The original drawing is in the British Museum. 

a. Eneskillin Castell. b. The entrance from Belkerbert. c. The passage 
to bellyke (towards Portora). d. a skotice made by the traytor to im- 
peache o"^ botes, e. The gouernor's battle (troops in battle array), 
f. The house of 7jninition Goueinor DowdciWs campe. g. Captaine 
Bingham^ s battle, h. Captain Bingham^ s campe. 

The above sketch seems to have been taken from a hill opposite to the 
opening, where the West Bridge now crosses the stream flowing from 
Belturbet to Belleek. A, A, represent the two hills in centre part of the 
present town, whereon the townhall and church are respectively built. 
B, site of East Bridge. C, site of West Bridge. D, Piper's Island, be- 
tween town and workhouse. E, site of Queen and back streets. F, Re- 
doubt-hill. G, Inner, or Mill Lough. H, Convent and Roman Catholic 
Cemetery grounds. I, Derryharra. K, Broadmeadow. L, where Upper 
Stream divides, and flows towards East and West Bridges. 


army (coming to their relief), surrendered the Castle to 
Maguire, who gave them pardon and protection." 

(Leland, however, (on the authority of O'Sullivan), 
gives a totally different account of his conduct, asserting 
that the English garrison was butchered by the Irish.) 
*' 1602, Niall Garv (O'Donnell) with his brothers and the 
English, went in boats on Lough Erne, and took and 
destroyed Enniskillen. They also took (the monasteries 
of) Devenish and Lisgoole, and left warders in them." 

This is the last mention recorded in the 'Annals' 
respecting Enniskillen, the castle or fortress of ' Maguire/*' 

A portion of this ancient stronghold was utilized in 
later times to form the lower part of the large building, 
which now stands in the centre of the Castle Barrack 
Square, whose substantial walls (seven feet in thickness) 
attest its strength in days of old — while a flank wall, with 
two rounded towers, still stands on the water-edge, and 
presents a conspicuous arid picturesque object, as seen 
from the road leading to Florence Court, at the south- 
west entrance of the town. 

Enniskillen, although it holds a prominent position in 
the history of Ireland, cannot boast of high antiquity as 
a town. Its origin does not date further back than the 
first few years of the seventeenth century, and appears 
in connection with the Statesmanship which devised the 
Plantation of Ulster, as a means for reducing the northern 
Province of Ireland, to order, prosperity and peace, after 
its devastation by continual rebellions in the preceding 
reign. For this purpose King James granted to William 
Cole, Esq.,t amongst many other lands, the third part of 
the island of Inniskillen, lying to the north-east of the 

* Note A. t Note B. 


castle, to construct a town thereon, which should be 
called the town of Inniskillen. " For its defence and 
decency," the grantee was required, " to set apart a con- 
venient place for a church to be built within the said 
town, and for a cemetery of the same ; and a convenient 
place within the said town for a market-house, and ano- 
ther convenient place for a gaol or prison — for the safe 
keeping of prisoners and other malefactors within the 
bounds of the County of Fermanagh ; and also another 
piece of ground for a public school there to be built, to- 
gether with a court and garden to the said school adjoin- 
ing." In these letters patent, there is a covenant, reserving 
"always to the Bishop of Clogher and his successors, 
all their rights, rents, hberties, privileges, and demands 
in the island of Devenish, in the County of Fermanagh ; 
or anywhere else." Sir John Davies,* in his description 
cf the first Circuit of Ulster, in which, as Attorney- 
General, he accompanied the Lord Deputy, Sir A. Chi- 
chester (1607), when writing about Fermanagh, says : — 
" The erecting of a Free Schoolf in this county was deferred 
till the coming of the Bishop of Clogher," (Dr. George 
Montgomery.) " The building of the gaol and sessions- 
house was likewise respited until my Lord Deputy had 
resolved of a fit place for a market and corporate town ; 
for the habitations of this people are so wild and transi- 
tory, as there is not one fixt village in all this county. 
His lordship took a view of two or three places for that 
purpose, of which he conceiveth the Abbey of Lesgole 
to be the fittest; and I conjecture that the next term, 
when the principal gentlemen of this country shall repair 
to Dublin to settle their estates, his lordship will make 

* Note C. t Note D. 


choice of that place for the shire town of this county, 
and then take order for erecting of a gaol and house of 
sessions there. Having spent six or seven days in this 
waste coufitry we raised our camp" (which had been 
pitched over against the island of Devenish), '' and re- 
turned the same way we had passed before, into the 
County of Monaghan, lodging the second night not far 
from the Abbey of Clonays/' (Clones.) 

However, the more narrow and fordable part of the 
lake at Inniskillen Island, which lay beside the strong 
castle of Maguire, appears to have commended itself as 
the most fitting site for the intended assize and county 
town; and so, the grant was made in May, 1612, for 
building a town there ; and a few months later a charter 
was conferred upon its inhabitants, on their memorial, 
constituting it the borough of Inniskillen, having a cor- 
poration consisting of a provost and fourteen burgesses — 
namely, William Cole, Esq., first provost ; John Wisher, 
Kt. ; Roger Atkinson, Robert Calvert, Henry Fleming, 
and Thomas Barton, Esqrs.; Edmond Sibthorp, Gent.; 
Thomas Shaw, William Hall, Nicholas Orenbrooke, 
Alexander Dunbar, Edward Moore, Alexander Wigham, 
Ferdinand Benfield, and Joseph Watters, with power to 
them (and their successors) to meet yearly, on the Feast 
of the Nativity of St. John Baptist, and elect one from 
amongst their number to exercise the office of provost of 
the borough of Inniskillen. 

During the Civil War of 1641, Sir William Cole, then 
Governor of the Town (having previously communicated 
to the heads of the Irish Government, information that 
had reached him respecting the designs of the dis- 
affected), set Inniskillen in a state of defence, and main- 
tained it in safety for the Crown, and as a refuge for 


the Protestant inhabitants of a large surrounding district 
of the country. 

There exists an interesting reHc, and proof of the mer- 
cantile condition of the town about the middle of the 
seventeenth century, in the form of a copper token, issued 
by an inhabitant, of which the following is a description 
(published in the Historical and ArchcBological Journal^ 
1872):— "On ohverse side Z4J/£'i".Reid.MarcHANT. 
with a bell as the symbol. Reverse — IN . INeskilLiN .1663. 
with J.R. in the centre/' Such penny tokens were per- 
mitted by the Crown to be circulated by commercial 
firms of good standing and known loyalty. 

At the time of the Revolution, the Enniskilliners 
firmly attached themselves to the cause of William III., 
whom they proclaimed King, in conjunction with the 
Princess Mary as Queen. 

"They chose Gustavus Hamiltion/' (of Monea, J.P.) 
" as their governor, and bravely defended the town, 
which became a place of refuge for the Protestants of 
the North-west of Ireland from all assaults of the oppo- 
site party \ and from the embarassment which they 
caused to James's forces during the siege of London- 
derry, the inhabitants became celebrated as the Ennis- 
killenmen." (Lewis' Top. Diet.) 

In the year 1705 the place was almost wholly destroyed 
by fire, "whereby 114 famiHes and their servants suffered 
very severe Jlosses, and the barrack of Her Majesty 
(Queen Anne) with all the utensils thereto belonging, 
sustained great damage." In consequence of this great 
public calamity, the following memorial was presented to 
the Duke of Ormond, then Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 
from the Provost and Corporation on behalf of the suf- 
ferers : — 


" That yr. Petrs., as well in the late Rebellion as in 
the Rebellion of 1641, not only defended and preserved 
the said Town agst. the Irish Papists, who, in great num- 
bers, appeared agst. them, but obtained many signal victo- 
ries over them in the field, not only to the advantage 
of the Protestant interest of this Kingdom, but of the 
Crown and People of England, as is notoriously known. 

" That yr. Petrs. have been very much decayed and 
lessened in their substance, not only by the maintaining 
many thousands of poor, stript Protestants, who came for 
protection in the late Rebellion, but several terrible fires 
that have happened in the said Town, particularly one 
that happened on Saturday, the 2nd of June inst, which 
has to a very small matter, reduced the whole Town to 
ashes ; and was so sudden and violent, that they saved 
little or nothing of their household goods and other 
eff'ects, so that they have (by the best computation) lost 
to the value of ^^8000. 

" They further humbly set forth. That they have never, 
in the late Reign or this, applied to their Majesties for 
any relief or reward for their services and sufi"erings, as 
aforesaid : But now being poor, disconsolate, and entirely 
ruin'd, so that they have neither house to go into, beds 
to lie on, nor wherewithal to buy bread, May it there- 
fore please your Grace to grant yr. Petrs. the benefit of a 
full collection," &c. 

This proposed collection " from house to house 
throughout the kingdom, and in all cathedrals and 
parish churches," having been recommended by Dr. 
Narcissus Marsh (then Primate of All Ireland), was ap- 
proved of by the Lord Lieutenant, and ordered to con- 
tinued in force for a year from the date, 23rd June, 1705. 


The Bishop of Clogher, and Captain James Corry, of 
Castlecooole, were appointed to act as trustees of the 
fund that was raised for this purpose. 

It appears from the records of the borough that by an 
act of the Corporation in June, 1710, the Far Commons, 
containing about twenty acres, were, for the first time, 
let at an acreable yearly rent, to tenants (by inch of 
candle), having been theretofore "found of no advan- 
tage, but rather an encouragement to vagabonds to come 
hither, for the sake of grazing their cattle, to the great 
inconvenience of the inhabitants of the borough ; " and 
in the same muniments are to be found acts relating to the 
erection of a market-house and marshalsea, at the expense 
of the provosts and burgesses, from the year 1744 to 
1746, during which period the building was carried on to 

In the town-hall, now under the care of the Town 
Commissioners, who have superseded the old corporate 
body, there are two fine portraits of King William III. 
and Queen Mary, in good preservation, which are re- 
puted to be originals by Sir Godfrey Kneller. They 
were presented to the Corporation by Colonel Magennis, 
when member for the borough. 

The square tower of this municipal building has a 
slab on the west front, bearing the inscription (already 
becoming defaced) : — 

"this steeple was erected 

IN 1792, 

under the direction of 

The Rev. Doctr. Smyth, Provst. 


Robert Hassard, Esqre., Burgess, 

Of Enniskillen. 

William Irwin, Archt." 


In Mr. Wakeman's " Guide to Lough Erne " will be 
found a detailed account of the modern town, its public 
buildings, institutions, &c., &c., which needs no recapi- 
tulation in this volume. 



HE correct name of the Parish is Inishkeene, or 
Iniskeen, and it was so called until the middle of 
the last century. In mediseval times this parish was 
known as '' Iniskeen in Lacu Ernensi," to distinguish it 
from another in the County Monaghan division of the 
diocese, known in Irish as Iniscaoin Dega, i.e.^ Iniskeen 
of Daigh (the patron saint). Similarly, many parishes 
have lost their ecclesiastical designations, retaining civic 
or borough names — as Monaghan, anciently Rackwallis; 
Belfast and Lurgan, Sha?ikill; Ballymena, Kilco7iriola ; 
and Castleblaney, Muckiioe. 

Let us trace the process of alteration in the case of 
Enniskillen parish. The vellum cover of the earliest 
parochial register bears this inscription : " A Registry for 
Parish Church of Liiskeene^ begun in the month of June, 
A.D. i666." An examination of the first portions of this 
interesting document will show the change during two 
successive generations, till about the year 1740. Vestry 
meetings were gefierally recorded as being held in the 
Church of Iniskee7ie, yet occasionally as in that of Innis- 
killing^ till towards the middle of the last century the 
former name ceased to be written. The last vestry stated 
to have met in the church of Inniskeen, was on the 21st 


February, 1738, although the previous meeting bears 
the date 31st January, and was held in the church of 
Inniskilhng. Yet a dozen years later a formal and im- 
portant memorandum occurs in these words, " The Rev. 
Samuel Lindsey was inducted into the rectory and vicar- 
age oi Emiiskeen, the ist day of August, 1750, by the 
Rev. Richard Vincent," which, however, may be ascribed 
to the professional accuracy of the writer, rather than as 
coinciding w4th the popular usage, for it comes in, just 
after notice of a vestry on 17th April, 1750, in the parish 
church of Inniskilling, signed by the Rev. Samuel Virasel, 
the predecessor of Mr. Lindsey. A hundred years be- 
fore, a sacramental cup (still in use) was presented to the 
parishioners, with this inscription : — " Poculum Ecclesise 
Parochialis dQ-Eniskeene, ex dono Edvardi Davis gene- 
rosi, anno. 1638," i.e. — The cup of the parish church of 
E7iiskee7ie.) a gift of Edward Davis, Gent., in the year 

There is an interesting link connecting the modern 
rectors and vicars of Enniskillen parish with the parsons 
and vicars of " Inishkeene," who held a remarkable place 
among the ecclesiastics of Ireland in the middle ages, 
and whose names are rescued from oblivion by insertion 
in The Aiinals of the Eoiir Masters. This famous book 
(in Irish) was partly compiled from The Amials of Ulster , 
respecting which this parish can boast that one of its 
most famous parsons was a learned contributor thereto 
about four hundred years ago. This link is found in the 
letters patent of James I., dated 29th August, 16 10, by 
which the church patronage of four livings in the imme- 
diate neighbourhood was conferred on the Board of 
Trinity College, Dublin (founded a few years previously 
by Queen Elizabeth), and in whose hands it continued 


up to the passing of the Irish Church Act in 1869. In 
that document the parish appears under the name of" 
Inishkeene — the town of Enniskillen or its church not 
having as yet been built. Thus, the present rector and 
vicar of Enniskillen parish is in direct ecclesiastical suc- 
cession to the parsons and vicars of the Inishkeene of 
former days. 

The parish was so-called from an island in Upper 
Lough Erne, about two miles to the south of the town 
of Enniskillen (over against the ancient Abbey of- Lis- 
goole),* still called Iniskeen. In the Annals of the 
Masters it is written " Inis-Caoin," which signifies Fair 
Island. Our picturesque lake, from the earliest periods 
of Irish Church History, was studded with monasteries 
and houses of religious learning, the interesting remains 
of which still attract notice, such as Devenish,t Innis- 
macsaint, Lisgoole and " Inis-caoin.":|: 

* Note E. t ^ote F. 

X "On 'Iniskeen,' f/ie beautiful island, lying in Upper Lough 
Erne, at a short distance from Enniskillen, is an ancient cemetery, 
containing some few traces of a church which dates from the sixth 
or seventh century, and several fragments of early crosses. All are 
enclosed within the bounds of a lis, and in the immediate neigh- 
bourhood occurs a second lis. Upon the upper surface of the 
quadrangular base of a cross, which, in a sadly mutilated condition, 
still remains in the cemetery, are four well-defined Bullans, one 
placed in each angle. There is nothing in the appearance of these 
cavities to distinguish them from kindred works of an undoubtedly 
Pagan age. They belong probably to a transition period, while as 
yet the Church in Fermanagh, and, indeed, in Ireland generally, 
was still more or less entangled with a shade of primitive supersti- 
tion." — Wakeman's Paper on Rock markings, Pillar Stones, and 
BuUhis ; Royal Hist, and Archxol. Assn. Journal, 1875. Bul- 
lans, or bullawns, are bowls or hollows, found on uncarved stones, 
in or near ancient cemeteries, or sacred places of pre-historic times. 


In those remote times, when this part of Ireland was 
overgrown with forests, Lough Erne formed the great 
water-way, or chief means of communication from the 
interior to the sea. The following list of sacred places 
affords strong evidence that its islands and shores proved 
secure and quiet retreats for the lovers of piety and 
learning. Beginning near Crom, at the head of the 
Upper Lake, we find a very old cemetery at Galloon 
Island ; another at Aiighaliircher, having a tombstone 
with a bishop's figure sculptured thereon. Then, the 
Friar's Point, Corrard — Se7iad/i, Cathal Maguire's Re- 
ligious House (now the mansion of Belle Isle) ; Gola, 
the site of a famous monastery, where Aldfred, King of 
Northumberland, learned to speak and write in the Irish 
language, whose Gaelic poem in praise of Erin is still 
extant. Passing down the lake we meet with the ancient 
graveyard and ruined church of Derrybriisk ; St. Sinnell's 
Church at Cleenish Isle ; the ruins at Inniskeen ; Lisgoole 
Abbey, on the opposite shore ; Rossary, where a church 
and abbey stood. Below Enniskillen are the well-known 
Round Tower and ruins of Devenish ; St. Ninnedth's 
Monastery, at Innismacsaint ; the church in White Is- 
land, with its richly-decorated doorway ; and a little to 
the left, near Lough Melvin, the Abbey of Rosinver, till 
we reach the famous historical Abbey of Easaroe, near the 
ancient seaport of Ballyshanny (" Bellatha-Seaniagh "j, 
where the lowest waters of the Erne meet the waves of 
the Atlantic in Donegal Bay. 

Even in old Irish Hagiology, this island in Lough 
Erne may claim a place for some of its devout and holy 
men, who lived about the sixth and seventh centuries, as 
recorded by Archdall in his Monasticon Hibernicum. In 
the Acta S.S. (in a foot-note), under date of the 29th 


March, occur the words, '' Fergessus, filius E?inii, de 
Inis-caoin in lam Eniensi" (Fergus, son of Ennius, of 
Inis-caoin in Lough Erne), denoting one who may be 
numbered amongst the saints to be had in yearly remem- 
brance, on that day. We also find the name of St. 
Mochaimoc, son of Endeus, abbot of the monastery in 
Inis-Caoin (Lough Erne), about the middle of the sixth 
century, whose festiv^al was observed on the 13th April. 
Although the modern Church of Rome claims for herself 
the holy men and women before the Reformation, who 
were famous for Christian virtues and devotion to God, 
yet the ancient worthies of the Church of Ireland,* who 
succeeded SS. Patrick, Bridgid, Columkille, and Co- 
iumbanus, were a totally distinct and independent Chris- 
tian community, whose numbers, learning, and piety 
acquired for Ireland the title of " Isle of Saints." 

The annals of Ireland afford some information re- 
specting the vicars and parsons of Inishkeene during the 
middle ages. The first notice of the parish is the obi- 
tuary of Nemeas Oh Eoghain (Nehemiah O'Howen) 
vicar of Iniscaoin, who died, a.d. 1389. Next in order, 
is, A.D, 1393, Matthew O'Howen, chaplain of Iniscaoin, 
died. Then, a.d. 1394, Giladowney O'Howen, official 
(or rural dean) of Lough Erne, and parson and erenagh 
of Iniscaoin (in said Lough), died. a.d. 1467, Niall, son 
of Mahon Magrath • official of Lough Erne, and parson 
of Iniscaoin, died. a.d. 1490, Fergus, son of John, son 
of Matthew O'Howen, anchorite of Iniscaoin, died. a.d. 
1498, Macmanus of Seanadh, {i.e.^ Cathal Oge) son of 
Cathal (Maguire), died of smallpox ("galar breac") the 
60th year of his age, April, 1498. Of this very illustrious 

* Note G. 


Irish clergyman and learned annalist, we have the follow- 
ing account in the 'Annals of Ulster': — "a.d. 1498, a 
great mournful news throughout Ireland, this year, viz., 
M-Manus Maguire died this year — i.e., Cathal Oge, the 
son of Cathal, &c. He was a canon chorister of Armagh, 
and in the bishopric of Clogher, and (rural) dean of 
Lough Erne, and parson of Iniscaoin in Lough Erne, 
and the representative of a bishop for fifteen years before 
his death. He was a precious stone, a bright gem, a 
luminous star, a treasury of wisdom, a fruitful branch of 
the canon, and a fountain of charity, meekness, and mild- 
ness, a dove in purity of heart and a turtle in chastity" 
&c., &c. This curious obit of Cathal Maguire, compiler 
of the 'Annals of Ulster,' is from the pen of his con- 
tinuator in the Dublin copy of the ' Annals of Ulster / 
this eminent individual, so highly lauded, was one of the 
married clergy of the Irish Church,* before the Reforma- 
tion. Here follow the names of two of his sons. " a.d. 
15 18, the son of MacManus (Redmond), son of Cathal 
Oge MacManus, a charitable and humane man, died (see 
A.D. 1498 ante)." a.d. 1527, MacManus Maguire (Thomas 
Oge), son of Cathal Oge, &c., died. [This was the son 
of the compiler of the ' Annals of Ulster,' whose death is 
recorded above, under the year 1498.] {0'Do?iovan's 
Note.) We have also examples of married clergy in 
other parts of the County of Fermanagh, "a.d. 15 18, 
Hugh, son of Bishop Rossa, son of Thomas Oge Maguire, 
parson of Aghalurcher, died. a.d. 1521, the prior of 
Devenish died, i.e., Redmond, son of the parson of 
Innismacsaint (in Lough Erne), a clerical, kind, charit- 
able, humane man. a.d. 1530, Hugh O'Flanagan, son 

* Note H. 


of the parson of Innismacsaint, died. a.d. 153 i, James 
O'Flanagan, son of the parson of Innis (macsaint), a man 
of great name and renown in his country, died." These 
cases show that marriage of the clergy existed in this 
part of Ireland, close to the time of — what is popularly 
called — Protestantism, and so it cannot be regarded as 
an innovation brought in by worldly-minded or sensual 
men, in imitation of Henry VIII. 



HE desolation and ruin throughout Ulster which 
followed rebellions (fomented by the Roman 
Pontiffs), during Queen Elizabeth's reign, under Shane 
O'Neill,* and other Irish chieftains (in this and the 
neighbouring counties), led the counsellors and ministers 
of that sagacious sovereign and her prudent successor, 
James, to plant English institutions on the confiscated 
estates of these chiefs, and to encourage immigrants from 
Scotland and England, that the social and natural wilder- 
ness which the north of Ireland presented, might become 
a fertile, industrious, and peaceful province. James I. 
came to the throne of England and Ireland possessed of 
many advantages, in the estimation of the native Irish. 
They regarded him as a lawful King, and as one belong- 
ing to their own race, whose blood, through the Scottish 
monarchs, was derived from their own ancient kings. 
Hence, after his accession, peace prevailed throughout 
Ireland for a longer period than had been hitherto known 
under the English Crown. Following up the policy of 
his predecessor, he proceeded to found schools, to build 

* Note I. 


new and repair ruined churches, employing the services 
of the reformed clergy ; for he much discouraged the 
Roman schism, which was recently introduced into Ire- 
land, and sought to restrain its progress by severe enact- 
ments. For the purpose of establishing the laws and 
liberties, the language and religion of the sister kingdom, 
he issued a commission to administer justice, repair 
churches, restore religion, and to settle property. Sir J. 
Davies has left an interesting account of the first Circuit 
held in Ulster, and informs us of the satisfaction afforded 
the people there, when they witnessed proceedings which 
regarded the rights of all classes and ranks in society, 
and brought just punishment on such as had been op- 
pressors of the weak and lowly. 

That the maintenance of the reformed religion, and the 
establishment of English laws and social habits among 
the native Irish, was the chief design of James, in the 
Settlement of Ulster, may be discovered from the lan- 
guage of the charters granted to corporate bodies and 
individuals, for the purpose of planting that province of 
Ireland. Thus, the preamble of a charter given in 1613, 
to a number of London merchants for building Coleraine 
(which was afterwards transferred to the city of London- 
derry), runs thus : — " James, by the grace of God, of 
England, Scotland, France, and Ireland, King, Defender 
of tlie Faith, &c., to all to whom these present letters 
shall come, greeting : Whereas, there can be nothing 
more worthy of a King to perform, than to establish the 
true religion of Christ among men hitherto depraved, and 
almost lost in superstition ; to improve and cultivate by 
art and industry, countries and' lands uncultivated and 
almost desert; and not only to stock them with honest 
citizens and inhabitants, but also to strengthen them with 


good institutions and ordinances, wliereby they might be 
more safely defended, not only from the corruption of 
their morals, but from their intestine and domestic plots 
and conspiracies, and also from foreign violence : And 
whereas the province of Ulster, in our realm of Ireland, 
for many years past, hath grossly erred from the true re- 
ligion of Christ and Divine grace, and hath abounded 
with superstition, insomuch that, for a long time, it hath 
not only been harassed, torn, and wasted by private and 
domestic broils, but also by foreign arms ; We. therefore, 
deeply and heartily commiserating the wretched state of 
the said province from superstition, rebellion, calamity, 
and poverty, which, heretofore, have horribly raged 
therein, have esteemed it to be a work worthy of a 
Christian Prince, and of our Royal office, to stir up and 
recall the same Province to religion, obedience, strength, 
and prosperity." 

By the Royal sanction, the Commissioners appointed 
to carry out the Ulster Plantation, allotted townlands, in 
several of these northern parishes, for the perpetual use 
and benefit of the ministers — which accounts for the fact 
that glebe lands chiefly belong to the ecclesiastical Pro- 
vince of Armagh. 

Like sedulous care is observable to secure to the set- 
tlers in Tyrone, Donegal, and Fermanagh, the benefits of 
the English Church, in doctrine and discipline, and to 
have the rude and neglected natives of this part of Ire- 
land reduced to civilization and social order ; for, to this 
end, there were several livings granted by Letters Patent 
(1610) to Trinity College, Dublin — the right of presenta- 
tion being vested in the Provost and Senior Fellows. 
The following entry, in the handwriting of Bishop Bedell 
(who was Provost 1627), occurs in the oldest registry 


book of Trinity College : — "The names of the Colledge 
livings, as they are in the King's Letters Patent of 29th 
August, Anno Regni Angl. Franc, et Hib. Octavo," (a.d. 
1 610) — " Clonfekile ; Ardera; Arboe, alias Ballileagh ; 
Disert; Creagh; Clone, in Baronia de Donganon, in 
Com. Tyrone ; Cromragh, in Baronia de Omey ; Cap- 
pagh and Ardtragh, in Baronia de Strabane, in Com. de 
Tyrone; Raghymoychy; Claudavodoghe ; Tullafarmer; 
Aghenis ; Kilmacrenan ; Conwall ; Clondaholke, in Com. 
Donegall ; Aghalurgher ; Inishkeene ; Cleynish ; Dyrry- 
moylan, in Com. de Fermanagh." 

The building of the corporate town of Inniskillen, at 
the beginning of the seventeenth century, was, therefore, 
soon followed, by the appointment of a settled ministr}"- 
for the parish of Inishkeene, in the Diocese of Clogher.* 
The first Rector was the Rev. James Slacke, who was 
instituted in 1622, and appears in possession of the living 
in 163 1, according to the Patent Rolls of King Charles I. 

The Parish ran in a north-easterly direction from the 
west side of the Island of Enniskillen, and, for the most 
part, lay in the Barony of Tyrkennedy, stretching on to 
the border of Tyrone, in the direction of Fivemiletown. 
However, the western side of the island, on which the 
church was afterwards built, was situate in the Barony of 
Magheraboy. The whole parochial area embraced above 
265O00 statute acres, including 352 of Glebe lands ^ the 
rents of which formed part of the income of the Rector. 
The names of these were Moneynoe (or Chanterhill), 
Rathkeelan, and Portnasnow, in the Town District, and 
Glencovet (in Clabby), at the remote end, near the 
County of Tyrone. At the time of which we write, the 

• Note J 


two divisions of the Parish were distinguished as " the 
part within/' and " the part without/' the Corporation. 
A considerable portion of the latter comprised a con- 
tiguous section of country (about 20,000 acres), and 
comprehended the present district parishes of Clabby, 
Tempo, and part of Garvary. 

This part of Fermanagh was, probably, almost unculti- 
vated and very thinly inhabited at that period, being 
mountainous, and having scarcely any roads; for, ac- 
cording to the minutes of the Vestry Meetings, during 
the seventeenth and early part of the eighteenth centu- 
ries, it would appear that two main roads through the 
parish, leading from the Commons of Inniskillen, con- 
stituted the chief communication to places at a distance. 
One was " by the far mill," Derrykeegan, passing on to 
Ballinamallard ; the other led to Mullaghsillogagh, or 
"Clabby and the verge" of the County, adjoining Tyrone. 
The highway to Dublin, past Castle Coole house and 
demesne, soon entered the parish of Derryvollen, and 
that towards Derry reached to the Pound, and the 
*' near mill-stream." when it entered Devenish (now Trory) 
Parish. There were parochial surveyors, and also "over- 
seers of highways," appointed at each Easter Vestry, for 
keeping the roads in repair, " by the six days' work, pur- 
suant to Act of Parliament for that purpose made and 
provided."* At the beginning of last century, the repre- 
sentatives of the Cole and Castlecoole estates (through 
which those two parish roads passed) were usually nomi- 
nated as the " overseers of highways." 

Indeed, to go back another hundred years, we may 
gather from Davies' account of this part of Ulster, that in 

• Note K. 


the reign of James T. there was scarcely a town or village 
worthy of being named ; and the continual raids of the 
O'Neills from the North-east, and the O'Donnells from 
Donegal, left the " Maguire Country," at times, quite 
waste and depopulated. There is still among the State 
Papers a memorial from the Maguires to the Lord 
Deputy, seeking aid from the English Government, and 
setting forth the grievous hardships sustained by them 
from the ravages of the O'Neill* (in Elizabeth's time), 
when he slaughtered three hundred of the Maguire sept, 
men, women, and children, in a single day, burning and 
reducing to ruin their wretched dwellings, and carrying 
off their movable goods, and driving away their cattle to 
his own country, " Tirowen." This state of destitution 
and paucity of inhabitants continued, very probably, 
throughout the seventeenth century, which is marked by 
the violent contests during the reign of Charles I. ; the 
massacre of the Protestants (1641) ; Cromwell's fierce 
irruptions ; and the stormy times of James II. ; until the 
Revolution of 1688 secured the rights of the original 
Planters to their descendants, and opened the way for 
settling others of like profession of faith in this part of 
the kingdom. 

When these sad effects of troublous' times'^had, happily, 
given place to the results of quiet and order which fol- 
lowed the Revolution, we find the rural parts of the parish 
obtaining due consideration with respect to religious 
privileges. Thus, it is recorded that, at the Easter 
Vestry, 1699, (when Dr. St. George Ashe, Bishop of 
Clogher, was present on a visitation tour), an applotment 
was made, amongst other purposes, *' for repairing the 

* Note L. 


Parish Chiircli, and the building of a small Pi-eaching- 
hoiise near Tempo ;" and again, in T704, a further sum 
was applotted " for building a place for public service in 
the further end of the Parish." Thenceforward, there 
are several notices respecting repairs to '•' the Chapel of 
Ease " at Pubble, where was the site of a small monas- 
tery, and entries of baptisms solemnized therein up to 
the year 1775, when, according to the vestry minute of 
i8th April, "the Chapel of Pubble being in a ruinous 
condition, and the situation inconvenient," it was agreed 
that a new building should be erected at " a more cen- 
tral part " of that division of the Parish. Accordingly, 
a few years afterwards, Tempo Church was built,* and a 
separate curate for the Eastern District (Tempo) appears 
on the registers from that period. This arrangement 
continued down to the year 1862, when the District 
Parish of Clabby (comprising 25 tates, about 9,000 
acres), adjacent to Tyrone, was severed from the Tempo 
end, and endowed by the Rev. J. Grey Porter (the prin- 
cipal landed proprietor), who also largely contributed to 
the building of a church at Clabby, which cost nearly 
;£3,ooo. Tempo, including thirty-eight townlands (about 
11,000 acres), has been likewise recently formed into a 
District Parish ; while another, called Garvary (formed 
out of parts of four adjoining benefices), took from 
Enniskillen's Western Division a dozen townlands, or 
3,000 acres, and, since the year 1864, was placed under 
the charge of a separate Incumbent. The Church at 
Garvary was erected mainly by the present Earl of Bel- 
more, aided by grants from the Ecclesiastical Commis- 

* Note M. 


In consequence of these various ded actions from the 
original Parish of " Inishkeene," its bounds have been 
greatly reduced, and some exchanges of townlands hav- 
ing been made -with the Parishes of Derryvollen and 
Cleenish, under an order of Privy Council, in 1856* — 
the Parish of Enniskillen at the time of the disestablish- 
ment of the Church of Ireland, included Enniskillen 
Town (as far as the "West Bridge), and the adjacent town- 
lands — namely, Aghaw^ard, Braindrum, Cavanaleck, 
Chanter Hill (or Moneynoe), Cloonavoan, Comagrade, 
Cross (Crossnalave), Derrycharra, Drumclay, Drumcoo 
(or Belview), Drumcrin, Drumgarrow, Gortgonnell, 
l7iishkeeji^ Killyhevlin, Killynure, Knockalough and 
Carran, Levaghy, Portnasnow, Rathkeelan, Rossivollan, 
Slee and Tonystick, comprehending about 2,000 acres. 
Lists of the Tates are inserted in the Vestry Records of 
1705, and 1 73 1, and their names are identical with those 
which comprised the Parish up to the year 1834, when the 
Church Temporalities' Acts (3rd and 4th Wm. IV., cap. 
37 and cap. 100), became law. 

By these Acts, two of the Archbishoprics, and ten 
Bishops' Sees were suppressed, and payment of rent- 
charge was substituted in lieu of tithes. The valuation 
of this parish as made in 1731, continued unchanged 
throughout the next hundred years (up to 1835), amount- 
ing to ;£i,366 for the country part, and ;£3ic for the 
town part (including Tonystick), on which respective 
sums the Vestries, year by year successively, assessed, 
for Church purposes, rates, which varied, as circum- 
stances required a greater or less applotment. By this 
statute, the revenues of the suppressed Bishoprics, and 

* Note N. 


those of suspended dignities and benefices, together with 
disappropriated tithes, were vested in a Board of Eccle- 
siastical Commissioners to be applied by them to the 
erection and repairs of churches, providing for those 
church expenses in every parish, which previously had 
been defrayed by vestry rates ; and to other ecclesiastical 
uses. Besides these revenues, the Ecclesiastical Com- 
missioners were empowered to impose a tax on the 
holders of all benefices and dignities whose net annual 
value exceeded £2)^o, according to a regular scale, from 
two and a-half per cent, and upwards, all benefices ex- 
ceeding ;!^i,i95, having been taxable at rate of fifteen 
per cent. From these sources of income, the Board kept 
the parish churches of Ireland in repair, supplied fuel, 
light, elements, &c.; and paid the salaries of parish 
clerks, organists, and sextons. 

The recent Irish Church Act (1869), appointed a 
Court of three Commissioners, to whom all the property 
vested in the Ecclesiastical Board was transferred, and 
who were authorised to ascertain the respective net in- 
comes of all persons connected with the Church of Ire- 
land, having vested interests therein, and, from ist 
January, 187 1, to pay to each an annuity equal in value 
to such ascertained income. Thus the rent-charge in 
lieu of tithes has been done away, as regards the present 
existing clergy, and, at the death of each, or when a 
parish shall become vacant, the spiritual ministrations 
must, in large measure, be sustained by the voluntary 
contributions of the church members. The fund also 
for building or repairing churches, supplying requisites 
for Divine Service, and paying the officials from year to 
year, having been withdrawn, these necessary expenses 
must hereafter in like manner depend on voluntary aid. 


The patronage of livings has, by this Act of Parlia- 
ment, been removed from episcopal, corporate, and pri- 
vate hands, and, by a statute of the Church Convention 
(1870), was placed in a Board of Patronage, consisting 
of the bishop of the diocese, two clergymen and one lay- 
man elected by each Diocesan Synod, together with 
three nominators chosen by the registered vestrymen of 
each parish. The Board of Trinity College having thus 
lost the right of nomination to the living of " Inishkeene/' 
when future vacancies may arise with respect to the 
modern parish of Enniskillen, the power of appointing 
Ministers will rest with this new Board of Patronage. 



O the Benefice of Inishkeene Avas annexed the 
Precentorship* of St. Macartin's m the Cathe- 
dral of Clogher, and thence the Rectory-house of this 
parish derives the name of Cha?iterhill. The present 
Glebe-house was erected about one hundred years ago, 
during the incumbency of the Rev. Thomas Smyth, D.D. 
A pane of glass in an upper window still remains un- 
injured, having the year '1780' marked on its surface. 
The site commands an extensive view of the surround- 
ing country toward the west, including a large part of 
the Town of Enniskillen, and the lofty spire of the 
Parish Church. 

In pre-Reformation times the parson of Inishkeene 
held a place in the Chapter of Clogher, as appears from 
the ' Annals of the Four Masters,' formerly quoted ; but 
there is no emolument arising from the Precentorship, 
nor any obligatory duty in connexion with it. During 
the last two centuries and a half there have been eighteen 
clergymen t instituted to the living (which is both a 
Rectory and Vicarage), five of whom resigned College 

* Note O. t Note P. 


Fellowships upon accepting the parish, viz., William 
Vincent, inducted in 1666 ; Richard Crumpe, in 1683 ; 
Caleb Cartwright, in 1763; William Dobbin, in 1768; 
and Dr. Thomas Romney Robinson, in 1824, Among 
the Rectors of Inishkeene (or Enniskillen) the following 
attained to high dignities: — Dr. John Smith became Dean 
of Limerick in 1666, and Bishop of Killala, 1679-80; 
Ezekiel Webbe was also appointed to the Deanery of 
Limerick in 1690 ; Dr. Thomas Smyth became Dean of 
Emly, and afterwards, in 1695, Bishop of Limerick ; and 
the late rector. Dr. William C. Magee, after promotion 
to the Deanery of Cork in 1864 (and as Dean of the 
Chapel Royal, Dublin), was elevated to the See of Peter- 
borough in 1868. The Rev. Ezekiel Webbe, when 
Rector of Enniskillen, having much encouraged the 
parishioners to resist King James's Lord Lieutenant, was 
one of the Irish clergymen included in the list of the 
Protestant Nobility, Gentry, and Clergy, in the Act of 
Attainder,* passed by the Popish Parliament in Dublin, 
A.D. 1689. His firm adherence to the cause of the 
Prince of Orange among the " brave Enniskilliners," 
who, by his advocacy and counsel, proclaimed King 
William and Queen Mary in March, 1689, was rewarded 
shortly after by his being made Dean of limerick. The 
Rev.T. Romney Robinson, D.D., exchanged this living for 
that of Magheross (or Carrickmacross), in the year 1825, 
with the Hon. and Rev. J. C. Maude (son of Cornwallis, 
Viscount Hawarden), who continued as rector for thirty- 
five years, and whose exemplary and unostentatious piety 
is recorded on a monument within the church. During 
his incumbency, the present handsome edifice was built, 

* Note Q. 


in the year 1841, by means of funds chiefly raised by his 

From the year 1676 (when the Rev. J. Duncan is re- 
corded as being curate-assistant to Mr. Vincent) to the 
present time, thirteen curates* appear in direct succes- 
sion. Seven of these were in office during the century 
ending 1768, when the Rev. William Weir entered as 
Curate of the Town. From that year the Curate of 
Pubble (afterwards Tempo) is noted as a separate 
clergyman of the country division of the parish — the 
Rev. Andrew Stuart being the first who is so-called 
(1768). Six clergymen successively bear that title, in- 
cluding the late Rev. John Whitlaker, Incumbent of the 
district Parish of Tempo. There have been also seven 
junior curates connected with the town division since 
1843 ; the chaplaincy of the Union Workhouse having 
been added to the already heavy duties of the then rector 
and curate at Enniskillen. Of the curates who have been 
assistant ministers in this parish, several were promoted 
to livings, and at a comparatively recent period one of 
the junior class attained the rank of a Colonial Arch- 
deacon. The Rev. Gustavus Hamilton (son of the brave 
Governor of that name in 1688), was curate from about 
1720 for more than ten years, and afterwards Vicar of 
Laracor, in the Diocese of Meath, celebrated by connec- 
tion with the ministry of Jonathan Swift, the witty and 
popular Dean of St, Patrick's Cathedral. 

The following obituary occurs in the Parish Register, 
under the date : — " 1831, July 2. Buried Rev. Thomas 
Johnston, aged 72 years, Thirty-six years Curate of this 
Parish, Chaplain to the Military, Chaplain and Local 

* Note R. 



Inspector of Enniskillen Gaol, ten years Rector of the 
Parish of Bohoe, Diocese of Clogher, and Provost of 
Enniskillen Corporation the alternate years since 1814." 
It may prove interesting to record the names of some 
who filled the office of Churchwarden, and that of Pro- 
vost of the Corporation, in the earlier periods of the 
parish history. Take, for example, the times before, 
and those which followed, the memorable era of Ennis- 
killen's fame, when, in conjunction with her fellow- 
Maiden City, Derry, her sons stood out unflinchingly for 
civil and religious liberty, in 1688. The autographs of 
many of those brave men still remain on record, for the 
gratification of those who look on the relics of a former 
age with reverence and esteem ; and if we cannot gaze 
on the semblance of their features, conveyed by marble 
bust or limner's canvass, the traces which their own 
hands have left behind them, stir up beholders to regard 
their memory with veneration, and to catch a spark of 
enthusiasm, urging to an imitation of their noble deeds. 
We can look upon the handwriting of Captain James 
Corry,* the proprietor of the mansion at Castlecoole, of 
which we read (in The Actions of the Enniskilli7iers), 
*' that it was ordered by the Governor to be burned 
down" (with some other isolated houses) in July, 1689, 
after the mishap at Cornagrade, lest the Duke of Ber- 
wick, at the head of the Irish army in the North, should 
make it his headquarters, " being of considerable strength 
and accommodation." Captain Corry was Churchwarden 
in 1682, and the three following years. We have still 
the opportunity of seeing the handwriting of some who 
affixed their names to the Address presented by "the 

* Note S. 


Governor, Officers, Clergy, and other Inhabitants of the 
town of Enniskillen, to their Most Excellent Majesties 
King William and Queen Mary," and also to the Certifi- 
cate,* furnished to the Rev. Andrew Hamilton (Rector 
of Kilskerry), when sent by them to those Royal per- 
sonages in 1689, e.g., Paul Dane, the Provost in that 
year, Captain Robert Clarke, Robert Vaughan, William 
Browning, and others j also, the signatures of John Cole 
(the elder), Esq., who was Provost in 1678 ; Captain 
Michael Cole (1727), John Cole (the younger), Esq. 
(17 10, and many times later till his death in 1726); 
Henry Ball, who was Provost in 1668; David Rynd, 
Provost (1682) — a monument erected by whom, in 
memory of his wife, still remains within the church, in 
the northern porch ; the second Sir Michael Cole (1684) 
leaves his signature ; and Captain James Corry, while 
Provost in 1697. I can only group the names of John 
Frith, Philip Browning, Thomas Vicken, W^illiam Smith, 
and William Cooper (the last three, Provost twice), be- 
tween the time of the Restoration of Charles II. and the 
date of the Siege in James's and William's days. Most 
of the abovenamed filled the office of Churchwarden. 

Unhappily there is a defect in the Registers from ]\Iay, 
1685, to December, 1691, which is much to be regretted, 
as there probably would have been found some memo- 
randum or entry of historical interest, connected with 
that stirring period. The Parish Register of Clones, for 
example, contains the following memorandum : — " 1688, 
Marh. — The nineteenth day of this Moneth the last of 
the Protestant Inhobitants deserted the toune and parish 
of Clowneis. The Irish possessing themselves of that part 

* Note T. 


of the countrie." Again, " t688. — There was but lltle 
of this applotment collected, the Irish Inhobitants were 
so encouraged by Popish Judges, that they declined the 
payment of any Ecclesiasticall dues." Again, "April 
*' 15th, anno dom., 1692, Theparsone of the parish, Mr. 
William Smith, returning to the parish from whence he 
was forc'd, with all his Protestant parishioners, the nine- 
teenth of March, 1688(9), finding the roof, glass and 
seats of the church all destroyed, call'd a vestrie to be 
held upon the 3rd day of May following" — for the purpose 
of raising funds, by subscription, to repair the dilapi- 
dated building; and afterwards appears the followfng 
entry : — " The work was overseen and payed for by the 
Minister, who being Chaplain to their Maj'ties ship, ' The 
Roy'll Sovereigne,' went to England in Sept'ber, and 
stayed there till Xber, T695." The above Rev. William 
Smith, Rector of Clones, was included in the Act of 
Attainder of James' Parliament, and is mentioned in a 
statement of an Act of Vestry, 25th August, 1715, as 
having been then Minister of the Parish about forty- 
eight years. This was the last Vestry Minute bearing 
his signature, the initial letters of which are very curious ; 
his successor, Rev. George Leslie, signed the Minute of 
Vestry Meeting (as Rector of Clones Parish), 15th 
April, 17 18. The Registers of Enniskillen may have 
contained some likewise at this period, but they are not 
now forthcoming. 




WING sought, in vain, for the records of con- 
secration among the archives of the Diocese of 
Clogher, I cannot fix, with any degree of certainty, the 
date when the first church was erected in the Town of 
Enniskillen. From want of documentary proof, the 
following is submitted for candid criticism : — 

Just above the , triple-lighted window over the great 
western door, which forms the entrance through the 
south porch, there is a stone with an " Agnus Dei " 
sculptured on it, and at the top is the date " 1637." 
Now, whether this was the year in which the Church 
itself was built, or only marks the time when the large 
square tower'.was erected, is a matter of doubt. In Lewis's 
Topographical Dictionary^ 1637 is assigned as the date of 
the building of the Church ; but, on the other hand, a 
quarter of a century had elapsed from the grant to William 
Cole, in 1612, authorizing him to set apart sufficient 
ground in the Island of Inniskillen for building a Church, 
and enclosing a burial-ground thereto annexed. As there 
were two rectors instituted during that interval, viz., The 
Rev. James Slacke (1622), and John Smith (1633), we 
may ask the question, where was the Parish Church of 



Inishkeene in which these clergymen officiated, More- 
over, there are two remarkable tombstones in the church- 
yard — on one (having the Arms of the Cole family at the 
top), although all the rest of the inscription is illegible, 
the date, 1627, remains at foot ; the other, sacred to the 
memory of one William Pokrich, has 1628 inscribed 
thereon. This surely implies the consecration of the 
churchyard ; for, as Dr. Spottiswood (Bishop of Clogher 
from 1621 to 1644) resided up to 1628 in the old castle 
at Portora,* it is not probable that so important a place 
as the Borough of Inniskillen was left unprovided with a 
suitable church and cemetery for the settlers brought 
thither under the Royal Letters Patent. The reasonable 
inference is, that both, after due consecration, had existed 
for some time previous to the year 1637. 

The records of the Vestry meetings and Churchwar- 
dens^ accounts, show that the roof of the building which 
existed during the latter half of the seventeenth century, 
and almost up to the middle of the eighteenth, was 
formed of shingles made of oak. Thus we read that in 
1698 '^ new shmgailmg'' w2iS used in reparation of the 
church; and the following entry appears in 1739, ''No 
shinoles sufficient could be got to repair the roof, and 
slates were ordered, in connection with which, at Easter 
Vestry, 1741, an account was presented and passed /^r 
slating of roof and tiles ^ to the amount of ^2^48 5 s." 

There was a Sun Dial affixed to the south wall of the 
tower, so early as 1674 ; and a charge for painting it is in- 
cluded in the churchwardens' account in 1678. Our late 
aged sexton (Mr. Thomas Crooke) remembered having 
seen the marks of the iron cramps which had fastened it 

♦ Note U. 


to the wall, a little below the place occupied by the pre- 
sent clock-dial. In 1694 by an Act of the Vestry it 
was agreed — " The large seat near the steeple to be for 
the inhabitants of the lands of Breacho, Rachcheilan, 
Woghternerro, and Drumgea." From this it may be 
concluded that the number of people attending Church 
Service, or who dwelt in those four large townlands was in- 
considerable at that date. Whether the steeple here men- 
tioned was the church tower itself, or an additional 
structure set thereon, may be questioned, but m 1720 a 
spire \\2iS erected at a cost of £s^ ^^s. yd., which was 
raised by subscription. This, no doubt, remained for 
several years undisturbed, and most probably is the cupola 
which appears on the church tower, in a copperplate 
engraving in my possession, which represents the church 
and west portion of Enniskillen (including the bridge of 
eight arches), as they appeared from Cornagrade side, 
one hundred years ago. The upper or added portion of 
the tower was like that elongated beehive-top, which 
crowns the turret of the Townhall at present, but seems to 
have been a few yards more lofty. It also appears to 
have been sheeted with boards, and of a hexagonal 
shape, having something like a vane at the apex. 

As we approach more modern days, improvements and 
enlargements, by pews and galleries, for accommodating 
the congregation, are noted in the Vestry Book minutes, 
from time to time, but it would be rather tedious to go 
into particulars. Suffice it to say, that at the beginning 
of this century, '' a new roof to the church, repairing the 
spire, and putting up a new iron spindle with weather- 
cock and ball in 1802, cost nearly ;£'24o, and, in the 
following year, new iron gates for the churchyard were 
set up at an expense of £21^, The churchyard fence 


was a frequent source of cost and trouble to the vestry- 
men of former times. In 1694, the following order was 
required : — " to have every beast trespassing in the 
churchyard impounded, and the owner to pay sixpence 
for each trespass to churchwardens, besides poundage," 
although in the year before, " money " was assessed, " to 
be laid out for ditching and fencing the churchyard, and 
for a gate to same,^' a wooden one, sufficient to keep out 
these straying cattle of the worthy burghers. It was not 
till forty years afterwards that a sum of ^1$ was laid on 
the parish (1734), for "building a wall to the (street) 
front of the churchyard of the parish." The present wall, 
with its iron railing along the main street, was erected in 

A custom respecting burial (which continued till the 
early part of the last century), is referred to in an enact- 
ment passed by a Vestry in 1677, f/ie sextoiUs fees being 
fixed, " For eveiy family in the parish at Easter, 4d. ; for 
every christening, 4d. ; for every grave outside the church, 
6d. j and within the church, i s. ; and for ringing the bell 
at each burial, 4d." This intramural interment was a 
mark of honour or respectability, and the fees charged 
for burials were duly accounted for by the churchwardens 
at Visitation. Thus, in 1674, the churchwardens are 
charged in their account with "a burial fee, 6s. 8d." 
At a "Visitation held at Clownish (Clones), in 1675, 
fees for six burials received by churchwarden were 
charged, £,2 f and in 1678, in like manner, £1. 6s. 8d. 
appears for burials. Some years afterwards the fees seem 
to have been increased, as in the year 17 11, an order 
was made respecting payment of " twenty shillings fee 
for burial within the Church of Eniskeene, for minister 
and clerk's dues, and repairing the broken ground and 


the use of the church, same to be paid to the minister 
before the ground be broken." 

It is to be noted, that very few pews, or large seats, 
existed in those days ; and, from time to time, such of 
the parishioners as would go to the expense, having 
obtained a faculty for the purpose of building pews for 
their families, had portions of the church allocated to 
them. For example, shortly after the last-mentioned 
enactment, we find that up to 17 13, the Consistorial (or 
Bishop's) Court used to be held widiin the church ; but, 
at Easter Vestry of that year (17 13), the ground where it 
was held was given to two several parties, to buil'd two 
seats (or square pews) thereon. 

The tolling of the bell at funerals having been treated 
of also in the list of fees, marks the existence of that ap- 
propriate appendage to the parish church. At a Vestry, 
held 4th September, 17 15, under the presidency of the 
Bishop of Clogher (Dr. Ashe), the sum of ;^3o was ap- 
plotted for the purpose of " founding bells," " the third 
of said money to be raised off the inhabitants of Innis- 
killing, and the remaining two-thirds off the parish at 
large." The belfry underwent repairs in 1736; and an 
item of ;£"3 (yearly) appears for the bellwoman's salary in 
1741, and a like sum in 1744, for Rd. Roberts, bellman. 

The next notice respecting bells, is the following 
memorandum : — " The two Bells erected in the Tower 
of Enniskillen Church, in the year 1828, were founded 
by Mr. J. Mears, Bellfounder, Whitechapel, London. 
The weight of the larger Bell is iicwt. 2qrs. 61bs. ; that 
of the smaller, 6cwt. 3qrs. 4lbs. If at any time the parish 
should wish to add to their number, so as to form a Peal 
of five Bells, the largest would form a tenor Bell, and the 
other the Third Bell in the Peal. The addition of three 


Bells, to form a Peal of five, will require about 2ocwt of 
additional metal, and the expense is estimated at ;£^i43 
3S. od." 

It may here be stated, that the Rev. Dr. Thomas 
Smyth, then Rector, planted, in 1788, the rows of elm- 
trees along the west and north sides of the church-yard, 
which contribute largely to the picturesque view of the 
church and its enclosure, as seen from the opposite shore 
of the lake or the road that runs to Derry. 



OR some years past, much greater attention than 
formerly has been given to the study of eccle- 
siastical architecture in this country. During the last, 
and the early part of the present century, there seems to 
have been little taste for matters of the kind, and the 
Church of Enniskillen (at least within its walls), proved 
no exception to the general rule. The interior of the 
former parish church (in the first half of this century) 
consisted of a nave and north transept, without a chancel. 
The pulpit projected from the south wall, about midway 
from the entrance (at the west), toward the east window. 
Underneath it were the reading pew, and the clerk's 
desk, with the Communion table, and railing in front 
(reaching to the centre of the aisle), and just opposite 
was the transept, running northward. 

When the increase of population, during the last cen- 
tury, required additional accommodation, after the ground 
floor had been fully occupied by pews and seats, galleries 
were erected (at the expense of individuals wanting sit- 
tings), along both north and south walls, as far as the 
transept on one side, and the pulpit on the other. In 
like manner, stairs ascending from the space under the 
east window, on both sides, led to the pews belonging 


to the Roble families of Florence Court and Castle Coole. 
In course of time a gallery was also run along each side 
of the transept, reached by a staircase at the large northern 
window. The windows were, one on the north, another 
on the east, and four along the south ^vall of the building. 

Such was its construction up to the year 1826, when a 
vestry, under the Hon. J. C. Maude, Rector, passed a 
resolution that it was necessary to enlarge the parish 
church, and, for several successive years, a considerable 
sum was included in the annual applotments for the pur- 
pose. At length, in 1839, the Ecclesiastical Commis- 
sioners agreed to a grant in aid for rebuilding the church, 
provided the sum of ^£^500 were contributed by the 
parish. Accordingly, sufficient funds having been raised, 
and the building completed, the present church was, on 
the 7th June, 1842, consecrated by Lord Robert Totten- 
ham, Bishop of Clogher. 

Mr. Wakeman has kindly supplied the following archi- 
tectural description : — "The general character of the struc- 
ture is that usually called Late Ferpe?idicular, a style 
which prevailed in England, chiefly during the latter half 
of the 15th century. The church may be described as 
consisting of a nave and small chancel, with a belfry 
tower at the w^estern end. There are side aisles to the 
nave, and attached to the chancel, on its southern side, 
is a small vestry. The windows of the aisles on either 
side are six in number, and correspond with those of a 
clerestory, by which the galleries are chiefly lighted. 
The lower windows are surmounted by a continuous 
weather moulding, and are divided by buttresses, which 
afford a great variety of light and shade to the southern 
wall. In connection with the tower, upon its northern 
side, is a feature not usually found in churches which 


retain unchanged their original plan. I allude to a projec- 
tion which was formerly the vestry-room, now used as a 
depository for the books of the Sunday School, and Reli- 
gious Lending Libraries. 

" The eastern window, with its fine tracery and storied 
lights, admirably enriched with stained glass, is, perhaps, 
the finest work of its kind to be seen in any parish church 
in Ireland. It is strictly in keeping with 15th century 
ideas, and, by an interesting coincidence, the beautiful 
foliage by which the heads of its lights are surmounted, 
is almost exactly similar in design and in general treat- 
ment to the work which surmounts the exquisite doorway 
of the sacristy attached to the abbey on Devenish Island. 
The date of the latter is 1449. 

" The only original portion of the church which now 
remains above ground is the tower, and even this appears 
to have been half rebuilt, and furnished with pilasters or 
shallow buttresses at the angles, and a spire. It is a fact 
in the history of church architecture, as practised in Ire- 
land, that, until very modern times, spires or steeples 
were unknown. Not one single mediaeval example can 
be pointed out ; nor are they ever mentioned by our old 
writers. Perhaps, the ' Turres Ecclesiasticas, quae, more 
Patriae, arctae sunt et altae, necnon et rotundae/ of Sylves- 
ter Barry, who wrote nearly 700 years ago, may have 
supplied their place. These are our celebrated Round 
Towers, of which the finest example remaining is that of 

" The western doorway, at present in use, may very 
well have been the original entrance to the church. 
About the period 1637 (the date of the tower, as shown 
by a stone built into the wall), ecclesiastical architecture 
in this country had become utterly debased, though occa- 


^ionally, some faint trace of the old, so-called "Gothic" 
feeling in decoration and arrangement was manifested. 
It has been considered by competent authorities, that, 
during the middle and later ages, our Irish architects 
were in style about half a century (or rather more), later 
than their English brethren. It is, therefore, not sur- 
prising to find, in our church of 1637, a trace of old 

* Pointed ' style, and this we have in the little window 
of three lights, which immediately surmounts the doorway. 
This is undoubtedly the only window of the old church 
now to be found. It is in the very latest style of 

* Pointed' design, which, in this country, in 1637, was 
rapidly giving place to our modem forms. 

"With regard to some cut stones, such as window-frames 
and mullions, which are lying about the churchyard, all 
I can say is, that they appear to be older than 1637. 
They may, however, be of the same date as the window, 
as it is a well-known fact, that just before the final eclipse 
of so-called ' Gothic' architecture, builders were frequently 
wont to jumble together in one structure the decorative 
forms of several preceding ages. It might be suggested 
that these older-looking mouldings had formed part of 
the original parish church which stood on Iniskeen Island, 
and that they had been utilized in the more modern struc- 
ture, partly, perhaps, out of reverence for the ancient 
church, and partly from ideas of economy. Thus, we 
find that the chaste eastern window of the neighbouring 
church of Monea was, some time about the beginning of 
the present century, translated from the ruined abhey of 
Devenish. This fact I learn from a letter written about 
1808, by a person named Frith, who styles himself 

* Philomath ;' which letter (kindly shown to me by the 
Earl of Enniskillen), was addressed to the late Bishop 


Porter. The worthy ' Philomath/ in another communi- 
cation to the bishop states, the celebrated ' House/ or 
stone-roofed Oratory of St. Molaisse, on Devenish, had 
then lately been stripped of its roof, in order that the 
large flags of which it was composed miight be used for 
the flooring of the church of Enniskillen." 

Thomas Elliott, Esq., architect, has favoured me with 
the dimensions of the church, ascertained from the papers 
of his late father, the contractor : — Length of nave, 
67 feet 7 inches; chancel, 7 feet, nearly 75 feet in all. 
Breadth, including side aisles, 54 feet. Height of clere- 
story from floor to ceiling, 32 feet. Height of side aisles 
to ceiling, 21 feet 6 inches. Height of tower, 75 feet; 
spire, 75 feet; total, 150 feet, from base to apex. 

The total cost of the building (including the upper 
portion of tower, with the spire, clock, and seven of the 
bells) was about ;£"5,ooo. 

Within the preceding half century, a spire had been 
erected, about half the height of the present ; but some 
years before the rebuilding of the church, apprehensions 
as to its safety led to its being taken down, and the inside 
of the tower was protected from the weather by a sheet- 
ing of lead, and a low slated roof which did not rise above 
the surrounding parapet. At the restoration of the church, 
the tower having been found unsafe, by reason of a fissure 
at the top, was lowered several feet, and the new masonry 
not carried up so high as the old work. The vestry-room 
at the south-east end of the church was erected in 1862, 
during the incumbency of Dr. Magee, at a cost of nearly 
;£t5o, supplied partly by a grant of the Ecclesiastical 
Commissioners, a large donation from his Grace the Pri- 
mate, and other contributions. 

The following professional information respecting the 


organ and the bells, is contributed by the late organist, 
C. A. Mills, Esq. :— 

"AG organ was erected by John Smith, of Bristol, in 
1830, composed of six stops and one composition pedal. 
On the rebuilding of the church, in 1842, it was enlarged 
by adding a swell organ, composed of seven stops, with 
two stops choir bass, from C to G G ; also two couplers, 
an octave and a-half of pedals, and trumpet to great 
organ. This latter, when the organ was cleaned and 
tuned, in 1868, was exchanged for a Viola di Gamba, by 
Messrs. Telford, of Dublin. The peal of eight bells is 
in the key of D or E flat." 



Wp N every age and nation, and amongst persons who 
I^SI hold every phase and profession of rehgious 
thought, superior sanctity and moral excellence have 
been willingly recognised, and, by those who witnessed 
it, or were thereby benefited, gratefully acknowledged 
and remembered. If, during a life of piety and bene- 
volence, the eyes that saw and the ears which heard 
failed not to bless such imitators of the Divine benefi- 
cence — if the widows who were recipients of the alms- 
deeds of a Dorcas showed with lively feelings of grati- 
tude the fruits of her goodness, and mourned their own 
loss in her rem.oval from her sphere of active charity — 
Christians in successive generations have not been want- 
ing, who testified their appreciation of departed worth, 
and the zeal of those who are devotedly attached to 
the service of God finds vent for its exercise, by con- 
tributing means for suitably maintaining Divine worship, 
according to the order and ceremonies sanctioned by the 
Church. Hence we find gifts from the living and memo- 
rials of the dead, which justly claim a place and descrip- 
tion in these notices of " the Parish of Inishkeene," and 
" Enniskillen Long Ago." 


Of the gifts that have, from time to time, been pre- 
sented for the due celebration of the Holy Sacraments 
of the Church, the handsome stone font is entitled to a 
prominent place from its antiquity and artistic beauty. 
It stands in the corner of the North-west end of the 
church, has a pretty interlaced border round the rim, 
and bears upon its upper edge the following inscription, 
in raised capitals : — " The Gift of William Vincent, Rec- 
tor of the Church, a.d. 1666." 

The old cup for Sacramental use has been already re- 
ferred to as bearing the inscription, " Poaibun Ecdesice. 
Parochialis de Eniskeene ex dono Ediiardi Davis ge?ierosi^ 
anno 1638." 

The large tankard or flagon was the gift of Allan 
Cathcart, Esq., to the Church of Enniskillen, a.d. 1707. 
This was Captain Cathcart, who, with Mr. Hugh Hamil- 
ton, was commissioned by the Governor, Gustavus Hamil- 
ton, to present the address of the Enniskihiners to the 
Prince of Orange."^ He died Christmas 1720, and ap- 
pears to have taken a leading part in parish matters, 
being a prominent inhabitant of the borough. 

Two large silver vases, with lids and handles, were 
presented in 1834, by the late Charles Ovenden, M.D,, 
then Provost of Enniskillen ; but, with the consent of 
the donor, were melted down in 1863, and two Sacra- 
mental cups and a paten were formed, under the direc- 
tion of the Rev. Dr. Magee. The paten was made after 
the antique pattern of one which had been in use since 
1743, the gift of Mrs. Mitchell, widow of the lately de- 
ceased rector, who had been nearly fifty years incumbent. 
The inscription on each of the new cups was copied 

* Note V. 


from that on the goblets presented by Dr. Ovenden, and 
a shnilar inscription appears on the paten. 

A handsome wine-strainer was, on the same occasion, 
given by Lord Enniskillen, who contributed also the sum 
of five pounds towards the expense of furbishing the ojd 
church plate and remodelling the above sacred articles 
for use at the Holy Communion. 

A vote of thanks was passed by the Vestry held at 
Easter, 1789, to the Viscountess of Enniskillen, for her 
liberal donation of a communion cloth, desk and pulpit 
cloths, with cushions, and conveyed to her by Dr. Smith, 
then Rector of the Parish. 

Two copper poor-boxes, with handles of oak, were 
"the gift of S. Moor, 1753," and two others, "the gift 
of M. A. Parkinson, to the Hon. and Rev. J. C. Maude, 
for the church of Enniskillen, October nth, 1842." 

Permanent aid towards relief of the poor is a pleasing 
feature to record. Among the donors in successive 
generations, the names of Colonel Margetson Armar, 
proprietor of Castlecoole estate ; Adam Carey, mer- 
chant ; and Mrs. Monroe, of Enniskillen, should not 
remain unnoticed, or be speedily or coldly forgotten by 
posterity. There is a statement of certain moneys be- 
queathed for the use of the poor, at the beginning of 
the church-book of the parish, which records proceedings 
at Vestry meetings, commencing Easter, 1774. From 
this it appears, that the interest on one hundred pounds 
(of the then Irish currency) was secured by the will of 
Colonel Armar, and a like sum bequeathed by Mr. 
Adam Carey, merchant (who died October, 1773); and 
fifty pounds by Mrs. Monroe, for the poor belonging to 
the church. I have been informed that an equal sum 
was also bequeathed by this benevolent widow, for the 


benefit of the poorer members of the Scots' Church in 
Enniskillen, she having originally come from Scotland. 
The yearly charge on the first-mentioned bequest is paid 
by order of the Earl of Belmore, and distributed every 
Easter, and the interest on the sum total of the last two 
legacies (lodged in the Savings' Bank) is dispensed every 

Most of the bells in the^Parish Church were the mu- 
nificent gifts of individuals. The large bell, No. i, on 
which the hammer of the clock strikes the hours, was 
the gift of the present Earl of Enniskillen, as from its 
face (though not by its tongue) we are thus significantly 
informed, " Presented by William Willoughby, Earl of 
Enniskillen, to his Friends the Inniskilling Men, 1841." 
The other large bell (No. 2) was re-cast by Mears of 
Whitechapel, London, from the metal of the two old 
bells, "William and Mary," which had been cast in 
1 7 16, said to be from some of the cannon taken by 
King William at the Boyne, and given to the Ennis- 
killeners for that purpose ; this tradition is borne out by 
the inscription thereon : — " This bell was given by Go- 
vernment, A.D. 17 16, and re-cast at the expense of Parish 
of Enniskillen, 1828." The Vestry records of 17 15 and 
17 16 make mention of a sum of thirty pounds having 
been applotted for the founding of bells ; and the ac- 
counts of 1828 and 1829 contain entries for " re-casting 
bells, ^40; " and again, " towards the repayment of the 
sum expended in purchasing and hanging the bells of 
Enniskillen Church, £s^'' ^^ ^^e remainder, the late 
Earl of Belmore gave one ; the Hon. J. C. Maude 
another; the two Misses Hall, three more ; and one small 
bell was paid for out of the general fund raised for re- 
building and renewing the church in 1841. The tower- 


clock (the works of which are connected with No. i 
bell) was also the donation of the ladies just named, 
whose gifts to this church amounted to upwards of four 
hundred pounds. 

Mention should here be made of the regimental colours 
which hang forth from the walls of the chancel, memo- 
rials of the men of Enniskillen and Fermanagh, who, in 
many a well-fought field, maintained the honour of their 
king and country. The two flags under which the " 27th 
or Inniskillings," " Ut proavi^' fought and bled in " The 
Peninsula," and at " Waterloo," are suspended on the 
northern side, over the statue of their old Colonel, Sir 
Lowry Galbraith Cole, and the three borne by the 6th 
(Inniskilling) Dragoons, on the field of Waterloo, adorn 
the south side of the chancel, above the monument of 
the late Lord Enniskillen. These consecrated banners 
were forwarded to the Hon. J. C. Maude while Rector 
of the Parish, by the respective commandants of these 
gallant corps. 




F the monuments, in and about the parish church, 
many are worthy of notice, as bearing curious 
devices, and many for their quaint and unique inscrip- 

The oldest is found on a sandstone slab, now forming 
part of the north wall of the church. In its upper com- 
partment are the arms of the noble family of Cole (a bull 
passant, armed and unguled) ; at the foot, an upright 
hour-glass, and the emblems of mortality, coffin, skull, 
and crossbones, with hour-glass lying on its side, signify- 
ing that life's sands have all run out. In the intermediate 
space there had been an inscription, near the end of 
which is the date, 1627. Every letter on this stone is 
defaced, and none of the family papers record the de- 
cease of any member whose memory this frail witness 
was designed to preserve. This monumental stone stands 
above the entrance to the family vault. 

Next in order of date is a very curious relic of the 
past. A singular inscription, in capitals, occupies the 
centre of the stone, which is forty inches long by twenty- 
one wide, having a small border with an unusual legend, 
that is continued on the lower portion of the slab. The 
words are cut in the opposite direction from those that 
record the name of the deceased, and so they meet in 


the middle. Thus, the reader must change his position 
from foot to head of the stone, in order to read the whole 
inscription. Within a circle are sculptured (basso re- 
lievo), a skull and crossbones ; beneath which are the 
words, ' Here lyeth the Body of William Pokrich, svn 
vnto Richard Pokrich who departed this life the ... 
1628.' The legend on the border and lower end is 
defective, as two pieces near the corners have been lost ; 
(though in some parts the letters are almost worn out), 
the following words are legible : — 'Gravntmemer . . . . 

hat now Death shu 

Body, yet the eyes of my Sovle may stil behold and loke 
vppon Thee. When Death hath taken away the vse of 
my tovng, yet my heart may cry, and say. Lord, into Thy 
hands I commend my Sovle. Lord Jesvs receive my 
Spirit' — ('839 1)* 

When entering the small porch on the north side of 
the church, three mural monuments, remarkable for their 
age and inscriptions, are visible. The middle one is to 
the memory of a squire of ancient family, whose remains 
(with those of his grandfather and sister) lay near the 
place where the tablet had been erected in the old 
church. The Latin inscription thereon records that 
'Daniel Eccles, Esq., born 7 May, 1646, was distin- 
guished for piety, prudence, propriety, gentlemanly bear- 
ing, and simplicity of manners, and died in March, 1688.' 
At the top is the figure of an angel, and beneath the 
eulogy of the dead, is the salutary admonition, 'Me- 
mento morij' at the bottom are the symbols of time 
passing away, and the end of all that is human — an hour- 
glass and coffin on either side of a skull and bones. 

* Note W. 


The Other tablets commemorate two ladies of the same 
period ; that one opposite the door commends the rare 
virtues of Mrs. Rynd, in the following lines : — 

* Here lies enshrin'd, beneath this monument, 
She whom ev'n hearts of flint must needs lament ; 
The lose of who (if birth, wealth, charitie, 
Could life deserve), had not known how to die.' 

With very great difficulty, the words on the other can 
be deciphered. It was raised in memory of the wife of 
Rev. William Vincent, and bears this inscription : — 

* Hsec non nunc humilis cupiit praeconia Famae, 
Sed fecit charus ceu monumenta pia. istic, 
Qui ergo legit Scriptum hoc, cognoscat, non procul 
Conjugis ut ponitur pulvis humata bonse. 
Lis quia sic dicitur ? Nihili curabitur a me ; 
Virtuti quoniam livor edax socius. 
Namque Deum semper grandi pietate colebam, 
Ut nomen Divse me meruisse loquar. 
Atqui me tenuit sic mollis habena mariti 
Hei nam actaevitae symbola curta mihi : 
Me nunc Omnipotens in caelum sustulit altum, 
Et patriam obtinui, qua prius exul eram.' 

* Elizabetha Vincentis 
Obiit XV. Kal. Deer, an Dom. 1675.* 

* * « » 4: * )» 

* Factum valuit reipsa : 

Fieri non debuit.* 

It may be thus freely rendered in English : — 
"One now in dust, desires not human fame. 
But a fond heart inscribes an humble name 
On this memorial stone, to notify, 
Not Har from hence, * a good wife's ashes lie.* 
I will not grieve, though this should be denied ; 
Detracting Envy lurks near Virtue's side. 
As I served God 'in spirit and in truth,* 
And Heav'n might reckon for my own, from youth. 


Brief portion of past life my share had been, ' 

But I was held by Wedlock's gentle rein : 
Th' Almighty snaps the tie — aloft I soar, 
And gain my^country — exil'd thence no more." 

* Elizabeth {who was wife) of Vincent, 
Died i6th ISovember, in the year of our Lord, 1675.' 

The mourner's inconsolable grief seems to vent itself 
in the words at foot, somewhat to this effect : — 

" The fact has, indeed, been accomplished ; 
It ought not to have been done." 

At the top of the stone are the arms of the family of 
Vincent (early admitted to the rank of baronetage), 
namely, three quatrefoils — with the crest above a helmet, 
a bear's head out of a ducal coronet. The motto is 
appropriate to the name, ' Vincenti dabitur.' It appears 
from the Register, that Mrs. Vincent was buried 19th 
November, 1675. 

Passing through the north-west door of the church, 
and turning to the right, we notice the marble bust of 
one who was much revered while living, and deeply 
mourned when dead. The Avords beneath testify to his 
name and sacred calling, his well-spent life and Christian 
character : — 




Firm in ??iai?ttaining Christian Truth, 
Gentle and unobtrusive in demeanour ; 
Full of benevolence and charity ; 
He exemplified in his daily practice, 
The holy doctrines which he preached. 
he entered into rest 21 st june, mdccclx. 
Aged 67 Years. 


Another white marble tablet is placed in the north- 
west end of the gallery, in memory of the Rev. William 
Armstrong, a native of Enniskillen, and formerly curate 
of Calry, Sligo, whose devoted attachment to his flock 
drew forth their sympathy in a similar manner, on the 
occasion of his lamented death in 1840.* 

* Note X. 



HE east window is justly regarded as a work of 
modern art, equal to any of its kind in Ireland. 
It is of the ' pointed perpendicular' style, divided by stone 
mullions into four lights, and. when first set up, was filled 
by small lozenge-shaped panes of plain glass. In the year 
1856, the Earl of Enniskillen substituted one of stained 
glass as a memorial to his deceased Countess ; which, for 
design, colouring, and workmanship, reflects much credit 
on the artist who utilized the groundwork placed at his 
disposal by the rector. 

The key to the design may be discovered in the words 
on a scroll that very gracefully flows across the three 
smaller lights which fill up the arch — '•' As in Adam all 
die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive." (i Cor. xv.) 
The Christian's victory over death, derived from Christ, 
who is the Resurrection and the Life, is symbolically re- 
presented below in four beautiful paintings, as the con- 
solation of all that believe in Him. 

In the centre portion, the Evangelists are depicted 
standing with open volumes in their hands, which may 
be considered as representing the glorious truth, that 
Life and Immortality have been brought to light by the 


Gospel ; which is represented in the lower section of the 
window, by the three cases of restoration to life at 
Christ's command, and by His own first appearance in 
resurrection-life to Mary, exhibiting His triumph over 
death. There is an elegantly formed scroll under each 
of these pictures, with an inscription (in old English 
letters), containing the words used by our Lord on each 
occasion, certifying His mighty power, and His compas- 
sion toward the sorrowing children of Adam. i. "The 
damsel is not dead, but sleepeth" (Mark v. 39). 2. "Young 
man, I say unto thee. Arise" (Luke vii. 14). 3. " He 
cried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth" (John xi. 
43). 4. ' I ascend unto my Father, and your Father ; 
and to my God, and your God" (John xx. 17). 

The order observed in this series is significant, show- 
ing the gradual exercise of Christ's power over " the last 
enemy." Thus, the little maid, whose spirit had but just 
left its earthly tenement, appears in the first narrow light 
next the north side-wall ; next is seen the group around 
the young man's bier, on the way to burial ; in the third, 
we recognize Christ's victory over corruption at the tomb 
of Lazarus ; while, in the picture of the risen Redeemer, 
arrayed in white, the Living One, Whom corruption could 
not taint, is recognized, bearing the marks of the nails 
and spear ; yet with dignity and grace, as ready to ascend 
to the Father, when He shall have given, to his mourning 
brethren, words of comfort and instruction respecting 
the kingdom of God. In contrast with His dress here, 
the seamless robe He was wont to wear marks Him 
out amid the other groupings by the brilliancy of its 
scarlet hue. 

In the space between the upper and lower sets of 
figures, is a richly-decked belt, filled with tracery work of 


quatrefoils, and exuberant bunches of fruit, which, in- 
deed, fill up the smallest space through the entire window, 
giving to the coup d'ceil a gorgeous appearance. Accord- 
ing to the rules of mediaeval art, this tracery is not sym- 
bolical, yet in a Christian's mind can these pendant 
grapes be ever severed from the thought of Him who is 
the True Vine, and its fruit-bearing branches ? Or is he 
not reminded of the apocalyptic vision that reveals the 
tree of life (Rev. xxii. 2), " which yields her fruit every 
month, and whose leaves are for the healing of the 
nations," — the portion of all made alive in Christ, when 
death shall be swallowed up in victory ? 

On the lowest ledge are the following words (in old 
English), — " Erected as a mark of devoted affection by 
Wm. Willoughby, Earl of Enniskiilen, to the memory of 
Jane, his countess, who died May 13th, 1855, aged 39 

Beside the window, two brass plates are inserted in the 
wall. That on the north side, in memory of the eldest 
son of the late countess of Enniskiilen, whose remains 
are reposing near those of his mother, in the family 
vault beneath the church. The family crest, surmounted 
by a viscount's coronet, is engraved thereon, with his 
name and title, "John Willoughby Michael Viscount 
Cole, died iVpril 15, 1850, aged 5I years." The plate on 
the opposite side of the window bears the legend, " Hon. 
Arthur Henry Cole, M.P. for Enniskiilen, died June 16, 
1844, aged 64 years." He was fourth son of the first 
earl, and uncle of the present noble lord ; highly esteemed 
as a faithful Representative of the Borough of Enniskiilen 
in many successive Parliaments. 

Against the south wall of the chancel stands a full 
length statue of the late lamented peer, in his robes, 


with Star and ribbon, as a Knight of St. Patrick. On 
the pUnth beneath, is the following inscription : — 






Born 23RD March, 1768, Died 31ST March, 1840. 






" The just shall live by faith.'''' 

At the opposite side of the chancel, a similar statue 
was raised to his brother, the late Sir Lowry Cole, in 
mihtary uniform, with his well-won insignia. Underneath 
is this record of his name and honours : — 

Sacred to the Memory 


General the PIon. Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole, G.C.B., 
commander OF the 4TH division 




Born May ist, 1772, Died October 4TH, 1842. 

HIS history may be found IN THAT OF HIS COUNTRY. 

*^ As in Adam all die, even so, in Christ shall all be made alive.*^ 

Both these monuments, of white marble, are admirably 
executed, representing to posterity the handsome features 
of these much-loved members of the house of Cole. 


On the commanding height of the Forthill grounds, a 
lofty column with spiral staircase was erected, by public 
subscription, to the memory of Sir G. Lovvry Cole, shortly 
after his decease, and a full length statue placed thereon, 
by the tenantry of the estates, as a testimonial of their 
reverential esteem for his time-honoured family. From 
the top of this pillar there is an extensive view of magni- 
ficent scenery, embracing prominent parts of several ad- 
joining counties. At the entrance within is a large brass 
plate,"^ on which are recorded the honors conferred on him 
for his distinguished services ; while, on the sides of the 
column outside, are engraved the names of engagements 
with the French, wherein he held a prominent command, 
during the Peninsular war. 

* Note Y. 



HE peculiar school of religious thought in each 
generation may be discovered from inscriptions 
upon tombstones, as well as from sermons published ' by- 
request/ or popular hymnology. This idea is suggested 
by comparing the sentiments recorded on these stone 
tablets, from the close of the seventeenth to the early 
part of the present century, with the avowal of believing 
hope on the more recent monuments in the churchyard. 
During the former period, the personal virtues set forth 
by partial relatives, to perpetuate the worth of a friend, 
were the additions made to the name, age, and day of 
death. In the older memorials we do not find the at- 
tractive influence of the Cross referred to as a constrain- 
ing power to produce their goodness of heart and life. 
This defect was characteristic of the religious sentiment 
which prevailed during that long period of deadness in 
the Church. Moral treatises took the place of gospel 
truth, embracing faith, hope, and charity — a faith that 
worketh by love, a hope full of immortality, when Christ 
shall appear in glory, a charity which never faileth. In 
that age ethical essays, which might have been culled 
from the pages of Seneca or Plato, though clothed in 


the chaste language of a Blair, marked the teaching of the 
pulpit. So we need not wonder at the eulogies inscribed 
on tombs, during the century and a half that followed 
the Restoration. On the other hand, how striking is the 
clear acknowledgment of trust in Christ's atonement, and 
of the power of Divine grace, expressed on the monu- 
ments of the last half century. 

The three old tablets in the porch (contem.porary with 
the reigns of Charles 11. and his successor), and some 
among the tombstones outside, record such goodly dis- 
positions as might have been possessed by men who 
never heard the preaching of Gospel truth. Thus we 
meet with some deploring the loss of a ' beloved hus- 
band,' or ' a loving wife,' ' a tender mother ' — an ' affec- 
tionate friend,' or of * a lovely flower that blossomed but 
to fade.' While one husband's grief thus finds vent, 
' Alas, she possessed great worth. O, Qiiam Molliter ossa 
quiescant^' — another's excellence is perpetuated thus, ' As 
worthy characters should bear a good report, sacred 
therefore be this humble monument to the memory of 
Francis Crozier, Esq., who departed this life, the 23rd 
July, 1800, aged 40 years, on his passage from Bombay, 
in the East Indies. By his death his family have sus- 
tained an irreparable loss, and society deprived of a good 
member. This tribute to his worth is at the desire of 
his afflicted widow, Anne Crozier.' 

No doubt, a heavy blow had visited the survivor in 
every such instance ; but to the Christian who meditates 
' among the tombs,' years after a saint has fallen asleep, 
is it not edifying and strengthening to faith and hope to 
hear the song of triumph over death thus echoed back 
from the silence of the grave — ' In sure and certain hope 
of a Resurrection to eternal life, thro' the mercy of God, 


by Jesus Christ, rests the mortal part of E. C. ' ? Or 
again, by another * who departed this hfe in great peace, 
through an humble but firm confidence in the all- 
atoning merits of our Lord Jesus Christ.' We turn to 
one younger in years, who died ' in the full triumph of a 
living faith,' and read on the same slab that his saintly 
mother ' fell asleep in Jesus.' Elsewhere may be found 
the epitaph of ' a beloved wife, deeply regretted by all 
who knew her, who died in the full assurance of hope,' 
and whose amiable character is expressed in the Divine 
words, ' Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see 
God.' Beside her remains lie those of her parents, 
whose tomb proclaims the peaceful state of the blessed 
dead (Rev. xiv. 13). Once more we hear the voice of 
Christian hope taking up the cry of old William Pokrich, 
from H. E. — "I know that my Redeemer liveth." ' In 
this identic body I, With eyes of flesh, refined, restored. 
Shall see that self-same Saviour nigh, See for myself my 
smiHng Lord.' Many of these inscriptions employ the 
New Testament phrase, ' fell asleep in Jesus,' or bear 
some testimony to evangelical truth, but these will suffi- 
cently illustrate the suggestion already made. 

There is another mark that distinguishes the present 
age from the past, when persons not related by family 
ties unite to commemorate the worth of deceased friends 
or useful members of society. Men in recent times 
differ from former generations by combining in associa- 
tions — by unions and co-operative societies — whether for 
good or evil purposes ; and united action expressing 
approval of merit, or appreciation of benefits, takes the 
form of testimonials to the living or of memorials to the 
dead. Several of the tombstones testify that men have 
been exemplary or useful in their day, while living 


among those for whom they laboured, or when they have 
nobly died. Some tablets within the church have been 
referred to, that were set up by admiring friends, or 
erected by many joining in the gift, and there are several 
of such memorials outside its walls. Thus, ' A few 
friends recorded their affection and his worth ' by raising 
a panelled tomb over the remains of the Rev. R. P. 
Cleary, A.M., who, after having ministered here as curate 
for nineteen years, 'died in 1845.' A similar mark of 
esteem was accorded by the Presbyterian congregation in 
memory of a beloved Pastor, Rev. T. Berkely. A stone 
was placed by his brother Officers over Lieutenant 
Keddle, who died (June 181 5) from the effects of a 
wound received in action against the French, ' to per- 
petuate the memory of a gallant soldier.' Testimonials of 
this kind mark the resting-places of non-commissioned 
officers and soldiers of various regiments. Three privates, 
that sunk in the lake together, lie side by side in one 
broad grave, whose Officers and comrades placed over 
them a memorial ' of their fond esteem and deep-felt sor- 
row for their untimely end.' Constable Leahy had a stone 
placed over him by the Officers and men of the Fermanagh 
Constabulary, as a monument of esteem to him as clerk to 
the County Inspector. A similar token of affection was sub- 
scribed for by the Pensioners of the Enniskillen District, in 
' memory of William, son of Serjeant-Major Oates.' Mem- 
bers of Orange Lodges also have shown their regard to 
the memory of worthy brethren, as Peter Duff, the 
Brothers William and Osborne Elliott, and James Martin. 
The grave of the last is marked by a handsome head- 
stone, which has on the upper part (neatly sculptured) 
the Holy Bible on a cushion, supporting the royal crown, 
with the motto, ' Fear God, Honor the King, Love the 


Brotherhood/ On the sides are various devices and 
symbols, pertaining to the higher degrees of the Loyal 
Protestant Institution, to which he belonged. 

One of these tokens of brotherly affection that confer 
honour upon the living, and commemorate the virtues of 
the dead, is a headstone ' erected by the children of the 
Church Sunday School, and other friends, in memory of 
an orphan apprentice, who was drowned in Lough Erne.' 
Among the remaining epitaphs are a few rather un- 
usual in style. A couplet, that resembles the panegyric 
on Mrs. Rynd's tablet of 1675, ^^us eulogizes Mrs. Anne 

" And if, to all, her worth were known, 
That worth would never find a tomb." 
An elegant cradle-sarcophagus over an infant, contains 
on one side these lines : — 

" Death viewed the treasure to the desert given, 
Plucked the fair flower, and planted it in heaven. " 
The admirers of Longfellow will be reminded of his 
beautiful little poem, ' The Reaper and the Flowers,' in 
which this idea is amplified : — 

*' There is a Reaper, vi^hose name is Death, 
And with his sickle keen. 

He gazed at the flowers with tearful eyes. 

He kissed their drooping leaves ; 
It was for the Lord of Paradise 

He bound them in his sheaves. 
' My Lord has need of these flow'rets gay,' 

The Reaper said, and smiled ; 
* Dear tokens of the earth are they, 

Where He was once a child. 
They shall all bloom in fields of light, 

Transplanted by my care ; 
And saints upon their garments white 

These sacred blossoms wear.' " 


A large sarcophagus, surrounded by a railing, was 
erected by a Dr. Stewart, to commemorate his three 
wives and five children, whose names are recorded on 
the side next the walk at the north side of the church ; 
but many will be puzzled by two inscriptions in Greek 
characters, cut on the stone placed over the Rev. Chas. 
L. Bell and his wife, near the railing along the street. 
The former intimates that " {e\Y men, in this our age, 
were adorned with so much learning ; " the latter ex- 
presses in sorrow that " alas, she was carried away by 
Providence, and left few women after her imitating her 
manifold virtues." This being couched in a dead lan- 
guage, will fail to commend such excellent persons to 
most of those who stand at their grave. 

A great lack of monuments appears in the early his- 
tory ^of Enniskillen borough and its churchyard : there is 
not one bearing a date between 1628 and 1687, and 
comparatively few are to be found in the next hundred 
years. During the present century they gradually in- 
creased in number, and now few families entitled to 
burial-ground are left unrepresented.* 

* Note Z. 



HE name of the Rev. William Vincent claims an 
honourable place in the grateful remembrance of 
church members in the parish. Notice has been taken 
of his gift of the font, and our present subject fixes atten- 
tion on his careful provision for having baptisms, mar- 
riages, and burials registered, together with the record of 
vestry proceedings, upon his induction as rector in 1666. 
Examining the subject of parochial registers from a 
historical point of view, it seems probable that this was 
the earliest official document kept in the parish for such 
purposes. The turbulent state of Ireland, throughout 
the times of Elizabeth, the two Stuart kings, and the 
Protector Cromwell, affords good reason why many are 
not found before the time of the restoration. Few regis- 
ters (if any) in the diocese of Clogher, go so far back as 
those of Enniskillen and Clones. The latter begins at 
the year 1682. That of the cathedral church of Clogher 
dates only from 1763. Even in England, these valuable 
documents were not known until the 28th year of Henry 
VIII. In 1536, Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex, was 
Vicar-General of England, and caused registers to be 
kept in every parish, a royal injunction obliging each 
minister to have a book in his church, wherein he should, 


in presence of the churchwardens, record all marriages, 
christenings, and burials, solemnized by him the week 
before, under a penalty of 3s. 46.. to the church for every 
omission of such duty. The 70th canon (1603) enforced 
a similar ordinance, and required that a copy of the 
entries should be transmitted every year to the Diocesan 
Registry Office for preservation. The Irish canon (1634) 
enjoined the same duty on her clergy, up to the date of 
the disestablishment ; and the 13th canon of the new 
code, passed in the first session of the General Synod, 
enacts that, ' In every Parish or District Parochial church 
and chapel of the Church of Ireland, within this Realm, 
where there is authority to Christen or Bury, there shall 
be provided, by the Select Vestry, a book or books, 
wherein shall be written the day and year of every 
Christening or Burial which shall be in such Parish or 
District, of Members of the said Church, and such books 
shall be in the custody of the Minister of the parish.' 

If any such parochial muniments existed previous to 
Mr. Vincent's incumbency, no trace of them now re- 

Much curious information, which would repay research 
and afford specimens of quaint spelling, may be gleaned 
from such records,* and the early pages of our own 
Register present illustrations of discarded orthography, 
and of the change that took place towards the middle of 
the 17th century in the handwriting of our countrymen. 
The caligraphy of State papers during Elizabeth's reign, 
was in Old English or Gothic characters, still retained 
by some penmen, or of the ItaHan handwriting, that was 
making gradual progress from the time of Henry VIII. 

* Note AA. 


The queen, and some of her eminent ministers, adopted 
the new style of writing ; and it is curious that there was 
a rivalry for the ascendant in penmanship, as in religious 
profession, among the celebrities of her reign, with this 
distinction, that those who adhered to the Italian faith, 
clung to the Gothic mode of writing, whereas the pro- 
minent professors of Protestant doctrines adopted the 
Italian hand. In London, and the trading towns and 
seaports (especially in the south of England), the new 
style gained ground during the next half century ; while 
school-masters in the secluded parts of the country kept 
on teaching, and the pupils practised, the old-fashioned 
writing of their schoolboy days. The struggle was main- 
tained in the remote districts nearly up to the close of 
the 17th century, and the entries in our book by the 
"registers" " Abra. Wadsworth," up to 1675, and " Thos. 
Matthewes" to 1685, together with signatures of the more 
aged vestrymen about that time, show the gradual falling 
off in the former style ; while the penmanship of their 
successors is as easily read as that of the present day. 
Many beautiful specimens of excellent writing are to be 
found in our ancient Register book, during last century. 

The old English bears greater resemblance to modern 
German \vriting than the Italian, differing, however, from 
both by forming the letters without a slope. Some letters 
were quite peculiar to itself (like neither German nor 
Italian hand), such as " h," which was written below the 
line, somewhat like a modern "g" or "q," while the 
capital "F" was formed by two single "fs." Many in- 
stances are to be seen of this, e.g., " Hen. ffowal, Provt." 
1667, and, "John ffrith," 1672. 

Those who are curious in these matters, will find an 
interesting study in the Parish Register of Inishkeene, 


and admire the pains and patience with which some of 
these " good men and true" of Inniskillen Corporation 
formed the initial letters of their names. James Corry, 
Michael Cole, John Frith, and many others, must have 
had writing-masters, who were ''experts" at forming 

The first entry in the book is as follows : — ' Anno 
Domini 1666. Baptized,' 'June ye 27th, Ellinor,' daught. 
to Morgan Murphy. Baptized.' However, a memo- 
randum at foot of folio 4, appears in these words : — 
* November 2d°, 1662, W. ffrith, son to John ffrith, 
Baptd.' Another is at the end of folio 5, 'mdum. yt. 

on ye. i8th day of in ye. yr. of or. Ld. 

God, 1654, there was christened Robert Clarke, ye. son 
of Robert Clarke ye. present churchwarden.' Signed at 
foot by 'Will Vincent, Rectr., Robert Clarke (C. W.) 
and Abra: Wadsworth Register' — in the year 1670. 
After the third entry (of baptisms), is the record of ' a 
vestrie in ye. Parish Church of Iniskeen the nth day of 
July, 1666, by ye. Ministers and Churchwardens and 
severall Parishioners,' which, with the three previous en- 
tries, and those that follow on both sides of the same 
skin of parchment, are apparently transcribed in modern 
style by an excellent penman, forming a marked contrast 
with the succeeding folios, up to the time of ' Thomas 
Matthews' (Registrar), whose name and handwriting dis- 
appear in 1685. The names appended to the above 
minute of vestry are all written by the same hand, as is 
the rest of the page, which looks like a transcript from 
an earlier document. The signatures of those who met 
in vestry on later occasions were in their own hand- 

Among items in these old parchments are some church- 


wardens' accounts of disbursements during their years of 
office ; and from them particulars may be inferred respect- 
ing the habits of the people, and the prices of materials 
and articles of consumption at that time. Take, e.g., 
'the accompt' for 1674, to learn the prices of things in 
daily use two hundred years ago. 'August ye 23th, 
1674, paid for bread and wine to the Sacrament, 3s. 4d.; 
' October the 28th, '74, paid for washing the church diall, 
3s. More., for bread and wine upon Christmas Day, 3s. 4d. ; 
Dec. ye 5th, for glassing the church window, 6s. lod. 
More., pd. to John Story for the nailes, standards and 
doores for the church style, j£i los. More., pd. for three 
hokes for the chest of the church, 4s. More., pd. for 
bread and wine on Good Friday, 3s. 4d. More., pd. for 
bread and wine on Easter Day, 4s. 6d.' ' More' means 
moreover. In an earlier account (Nov., 1670) are charges 
' for three barells of lyme, 7 s 6d ; for two loade of watles, 
is; for ye railes of ye church stile, 2s lod j for breade 
and wine at Michaellis, 2s 2d ; for bread and wine at 
Christmas, 6s 3d.' The price of wine appears to have 
undergone little change from that time to the present. 

Another record is interesting in connection with the 
history of those days : — 'At a vestry held this 22th day 
of Febr. 1702 (03), for apportioning 318 trees upon ye 
severall parishioners and inhabitants of ye Parish of 
Enniskeen, psueant to an Act of Parlement made in ye 
loth yeare of our late soveraine lord King William ye. 
3rd, its apoynted and agreed upon by the minister, 
churchwardens, and parishoners of ye sd. parish that the 
number of four trees viz., oake, fir, ealm, ash, walnott, 
poplar, abeal or elder be planted upon every great teate 
in ye sd. parish and every small teate shall plant propor- 


tionably for 31 years from ye 25th March next.' * And : 
Mitchell rector, Will. Roscrow, churchwarden.' 

(King William died 8 March, 1701 (02). The year 
began 25th March, up to 1752, when (by an Act of Geo : 
II.) New Style was adopted in Great Britain, and the 
civil year thenceforward was to commence on the ist day 
of Januar)\ The annual Returns of Baptisms, Marriages 
and Burials, furnished by the clergy and churchwardens, 
to the Diocesan Registrars (until the disestablishment), 
were copied from the 25 th March in each year, retaining 
* Old Style:) 

This Irish Timber Act* (with others passed during the 
reigns of Anne, and ist and 2nd Georges) was repealed 
by 16 Geo. III. cap. 26, but the cause of William's en- 
actment is worthy of notice, as set forth in its first sec- 
tion, 'Whereas, by the late rebellion in this kingdom, 
and the several iron works formerly here, the timber 
is utterly destroyed, so as that, at present, there is not 
sufficient for the repairing the houses destroyed, much 
less a prospect of building and improving in after times, 
unless some means be used for the planting and increase 
of timber trees.' This throws some light on the condition 
of Ireland after the wars, in which the Enniskilleners 
bore a conspicuous part, and suggests that the general 
use of turbary for fuel did not prevail. The necessity 
for keeping a sufficient supply of timber for this and other 
domestic purposes, may lead us to conclude that these 
' good old times' were very deficient in many things now 
considered to be among the necessaries of life. 

In bringing this volume to a close, it is hoped that in- 
formation derived from sources not accessible to many, 

* Note BB. 


has been presented, and instructive reading afforded to 
those who despise not the toils or privations — the glo- 
rious principles and heroic actions — of our predecessors, 
whether in Church or State ;* and who, revering their 
memories as worthy of being still cherished, desire to 
teach those that come after (as they have learned from 
their sires) to act in the spirit of the old motto of Innis- 
killen borough, 'UT PROAVI.' 

* Note CC. 



Note A. Page 3. 

Lineage of- The Maguire^ Chieftain of Fermanagh. 

" I. Don Maguire, first of the family, who became 
Chief of Fermanagh, died 1302. 2. Manus (a quo 
MacManus). 3. Gilla Patrick. 4. Matthew. 5. Gilla 
Patrick. 6. Cathal (Charles). 7. Cathal Oge, the 
compiler of the 'Annals of Ulster.' He had several 
legitimate sons, though apparently in Holy Orders. 
8. Thomas More, ancestor of the Baron of Enniskillen, 
and the Maguires of Tempo. Conor Maguire, fifth in de- 
scent from Thomas More, second Baron of Enniskillen, 
was executed at Whitehall, 1642. The eldest son of 
Brian Maguire, or his heir, is senior representative of 
the Chiefs of Fermanagh." — Aniials of the Four Masters^ 
translated hy O' Donovan. Vol. IV. 

Note B. Page 3. 

Lineage of the Noble House of Cole, 

"The antiquity of the Cole family is indisputable 
from the following words in a deed of William the 


Conqueror : — ' William, King, greets Walkesellin, Bishop, 
and Hagan de Port, and Edward Knight, Steward, and 
Algerine and Allfus, Porveiour, and Cole, and Ardein, 
and all the Barons in Hampshire and Wilkeshire, 
friendly/ — 5 Wm. Conqr., a.d. 1070." — Lodges Peerage. 
Vol. VI. p. 38. 

"Sir William Cole was the first of the family who settled 
in Ireland, fixing his residence in County Fermanagh, 
1607, and had an assignment (i6th November, 161 1) of 
1000 acres of the escheated lands in that county, to 
which, in the following May (161 2), were added 320 
escheated acres ; eighty whereof were assigned for the 
town of Enniskillen, which was incorporated by charter, 
consisting of a Provost and twelve Burgesses, he himself 
being first Provost. He was knighted in 16 17 by the 
Lord Deputy St. John; represented the county of Fer- 
managh in the Parliament of 1639 \ g^-ve first notice to 
the Government in Dublin Castle of the plans of the 
conspirators in 1641 ; raised most of the forces of Fer. 
managh ; was Governor of the town of Enniskillen ; 
and preserved the country from the desolation which 
threatened it. Not confining his services to his own 
locality, he rendered himself remarkable to the Parlia- 
ment by his success in other parts of the Kingdom." — 
Ibid, pp. 45-6. 

Sir William Cole died October, 1653, and was buried 
in St. Michan's Church, Dublin, leaving his eldest 
son, Michael, who was elected member for Enniskillen 
borough, 1 66 1, and after having received the honour of 
knighthood, died 167 1. He was succeeded by (his only 
surviving child) Sir Michael Cole, Knight, who married 
(167 1 ) Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Cole, Bart, (second 
son of the first Sir Michael), and, dying in 17 10, was 

NOTES. 77 

succeeded by his son, John Cole, Esq., of Florence 
Court, M.P. for Enniskillen. He greatly improved his 
own seat and, the town by new buildings, and, dying in 
1726, was succeeded by his eldest son, John Cole, Esq. 
Born 13th October, 1709, he was Sheriff of Fermanagh, 
1732, and member for the borough until 1760, when he 
was raised to the Peerage (of Ireland) 8th September, as 
Baron Mountflorence of Florence Court ; married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Hugh Willoughby Montgomery, Esq., 
of Carrow, County Fermanagh, leaving two sons, William 
and Arthur. William Willoughby, second Baron Mount- 
florence, was created Viscount Enniskillen, 29th July, 
1776, and Earl of Enniskillen, i8th August, 1789 ; mar- 
ried (1763) Anne, daughter of Galbraith Lowry Corry, 
Esq. (Ahenis, county Tyrone), and sister of Armar, Earl 
of Belmore. He was succeeded by John Willoughby, 
second Earl, K.P. (born 23rd March, 1768), who was 
created a Peer of the United Kingdom, as Baron Grin- 
stead, nth August, 1816. He married (15th October, 
1805) Charlotte, fourth daughter of Henry, first Earl of 
Uxbridge, and was succeeded (31st March, 1840) by the 
third (and present) Earl, the Right Honorable William 
Willoughby Cole, Earl of Enniskillen, Viscount Enniskil- 
len, and Baron Mountflorence, in the Peerage of Ireland ; 
Baron Grinstead, of Grinstead, County Wilts, in the 
Peerage of the United Kingdom; F.R.S., LL.D. ; 
Colonel of the Fermanagh Light Infantry Regiment; 
born 25th January, 1807 ; married i6th January, 1844 
— (His Countess, Jane, died 13th May, 1855) — and 
secondly, on the sth September, 1865, the Hon. Mary 
Emma Brodrick, eldest daughter and co-heir of Charles, 
sixth Viscount Midleton. — Lodges and Burkis Peerage. 

78 enniskillen long ago. 

Note C. Page 4. 

Sir John Davies. 

" This eminent lawyer, statesman, and poet was born 
in 1570, at Chisgrove, a small hamlet in Wiltshire. He 
was called to the bar in 1595, and became member of 
the last Parliament of Ehzabeth (1601) for the borough 
of Corfe Castle. James I. sent him to Ireland in 1603, 
as Solicitor-General, and he was soon afterwards pro- 
moted to the office of Attorney-General, became a Judge 
of Assize (when first established in this kingdom), and 
received the honour of knighthood, February, 1607. 
During this year he accompanied the Chief Justice on a 
judicial tour through the counties of Monaghan, Fer- 
managh, and Cavan, and drew up an account of this 
circuit in a letter to his patron, the Earl of Salisbury. 
In 16 1 2 Sir John Davies was elected member for the 
county of Fermanagh, in a new Parliament (none having 
been previously summoned in Ireland for twenty-seven 
years), and was the first representative which that county 
had. The Lord-Deputy Chichester prorogued it, on 
account of the contest btJtween the Roman Catholic and 
Protestant members as to the election of Speaker (to 
which distinguished post Sir John was chosen by the 
latter), and on its re-assembling (May, 16 13), he de- 
livered an elaborate address, one of the most learned 
and instructive orations ever pronounced by a Speaker of 
Parliament in either kingdom. Having retired from Ire- 
land (16 1 6) he sat as member for Newcastle-under-Line 
in 162 1, and was appointed Lord Chief Justice of Eng- 
land, but died of apoplexy, December, 1626, in his 57th 
year, before his installation. He was buried in St. Mar- 
tin's-in-the-Fields, London, where the following inscrip- 

NOTES. 79 

tion is not an exaggerated tribute to his talents and vir- 
tues : — " He was a man of fine genius and uncommon 
eloquence, and an excellent writer both in prose and 
in verse. He tempered the severity of the lawyer by 
the elegance of his manners, and the accomplishments 
of polite literature. He was a faithful advocate and an 
incorrupt Judge ; and equally remarkable for his con- 
tempt of superstition and his attachment to sincere and 
genuine piety." But his works are the lasting inscrip- 
tions of his memory. The " Historical Tracts," even up 
to the present day, are regarded and quoted as high 
authorities on the legal and political history of the Irish na- 
tion. His principal poem, 'The Immortality of the Soul ' 
(which was the means of introducing him to James I.), 
is remarkable for the dignity and importance of the sub- 
ject, as well as for the commanding ability displayed in 
its composition. Southey observes, that Sir J. Davies 
"wrote in numbers, which, for precision and clearnessj 
felicity and strength, have never been passed ; " and 
Wilmott, in his ' Lives of the Sacred Poets,' observes, 
" It is a sufficient proof of his powerful and comprehen- 
sive intellect, that he was the author of our first and 
noblest didactic poem, of the most sagacious poUtical 
treatise upon the state of Ireland which had hitherto ap- 
peared, and of the earliest report of cases in the Irish Law 
Courts, during the four hundred years of English domina- 
tion." Again, in his estimate of Sir John's best poetical 
performance, the same able critic writes, " Having in the 
poem of * The Orchestra,' displayed a playful melody of 
diction, and shown his acquaintance with all the graces 
of style, he produced a poem which, to the highest dig- 
nity of conception, united the stateliest harmony of ex- 
pression." See Chalmers' " Lives of the Poets," and 


Aiken's " General Biography " for more detailed accounts 
of this distinguished character. — Biog. Sketches of British 
Poets, by direction of Commissioners of National Educa- 
tion, Ireland — and other sources. 

Note D. Page 4. 

Royal School of Enniskilkn, now known as Portora 

In 1608 King James I. made an order in the Privy 
Council, that in the counties of Armagh, Tyrone, Lon- 
donderry, Fermanagh, Donegal, and Cavan, one Free 
School, at least, for the education of youth in learning 
and religion, should be appointed ; and afterwards lands 
were conveyed to the bishops of the respective dioceses, 
in trust, for the use of the masters of the same. By 
Letters Patent, 3rd September, 1618, Geoffry Middleton 
was appointed Master of the Enniskillen School ; but 
from the following extract from a translation of the 
charter, "The first information (from documentary evi- 
dence) * with regard to the Royal School of Enniskillen ' 
is obtained. {Report of Royal Commissioners, 1858. 
Part 11. p. 650.)" '' It appears that King Charles L, by 
Charter, dated 15th December, 1627, granted certain 
lands to James (Ussher), the Archbishop of Armagh and 
his successors, for ever, as endowment to this school ' in 
the county of Fermanagh,' to the sole and proper use 
and behoof of the master of the Free School, at or near 
Lisgoole, in the said county, for the time being, for 
ever." Hence, it appears that there was, at that date, a 
free school in existence at Lisgoole. It would seem that 
under the statute, 14 and 15 Charles IL c. 10 (a.d. 1662), 

NOTES. 8 1 

the above Royal School was removed to the town of 
Enniskillen (if not before), and again, in 1777, trans- 
ferred to Portora Hill, while under the management of the 
Rev. Mark Noble, who built the first portion of the ele- 
gant and imposing structure (greatly enlarged by the 
present principal, Rev. William Steele, D.D.), which 
forms so picturesque an object adjoining the west end 
of the borough. 

By Letters Patent, July, i66t, King Charles II. ap- 
pointed the Rev. Thomas Dunbar to the public master- 
ship of the Free School of Enniskillen, which letters 
recite that he and his assigns should hold, during the 
King's pleasure, the lands conveyed and appointed for a 
Royal Free School, in said county (Fermanagh), and 
enjoy the office as amply as Geofifry Middleton, or 
Richard Burke, or any previous masters exercised same, 
provided that if said Thomas Dunbar accept any eccle- 
siastical preferment, the grant of the office and custody 
of the lands shall become void. Again, in 1794, by 
Letters Patent from George III., the Rev. Joseph Stock 
was appointed to the mastership and its emoluments; 
and up to the present the patronage has continued to be 
exercised by the Crown. 

In their Report (dated ist February, 1858. Part I., 
p. 59), the Endowed Schools' Commissioners state, that 
Enniskillen School, being richly endowed, has Exhibi- 
tions attached to it in connection with Trinity College, 
Dublin, and also four School Scholarships of ^£"20 yearly, 
and a Scholarship for pupils from Enniskillen School, 
who enter Trinity College, of ;^20 yearly, founded by 
the Rev. William Burke in 181 8, "which has been in 
operation since 1833." (Same Report, p. 180.) This 
benevolent clergyman was an assistant at Portora School, 



and dying unmarried, states in his will, that " having ex- 
perienced some difficulties during his first three years in 
the University," he left a bequest of about six hundred 
pounds " to aid a young person at that stage." Since 
the report of the Commissioners was issued, a change in 
the distribution of the dividend on this bequest has been 
made, and three pupils are nominated to receive the 
yearly proceeds of the trust fund amongst them, upon 
entering as students of T.C.D., this being considered by 
the trustees most in accordance with the conditions im- 
posed by the testator's will. 

The Commissioners give their opinion " that the in- 
habitants of Enniskillen are entitled to require that a 
complete course of English and commercial education 
should be provided for their sons in some department of 
the school, as a preparation for their entering upon civil 
and mercantile pursuits, even though they should refuse 
to receive the classical instruction, which, if it be the 
primary, is not the exclusive trust of the Foundation." 
(Report. Part I., p. 60.) This suggestion has been well 
carried out under the supervision of the present able and 
accomplished Principal, Dr. Steele, who was transferred 
from Raphoe Royal School in 1857. 

Note E. Page 12. 

Addey of Lisgoole. 

"In the early ages of Christianity, a monastery was 
founded (at Lisgool), and afterwards an abbey (on its 
site), for Augustinians, by McNoel, King of Ulster, in 
1 106. In 1360, this abbey was burnt, and in 1380, the 
prior died. Having gone to ruin, and Divine Service 

NOTES. 83 

being totally neglected therein, the abbot, Cahill Maguire 
(early in i6th century), with the bishop and chapter, en- 
tered into articles of agreement with Fitzcuchonnaght 
Maguire, lord of Fermanagh, to restore it, which were 
confirmed by the pope, who ordered the Franciscans to 
possess the abbey, the Lord Maguire making recompense 
to the Abbot Cahill of ten dry cows to him and his lineal 
heirs for ever. Maguire thereupon began to rebuild the 
abbey in a most agreeable and eligible situation ; but, 
before its completion, the destroying powers of Henry 
VIII. overwhelmed it, in 1530. Templemullin (a chapel 
of ease), in the parish of Boghoe, paid yearly to the lord 
abbot, five gallons of butter, and an axe ; also, the Rec- 
tory and Vicarage of Rossorrie, was appropriated to the 
abbey. Three-fourths of the tithes were the abbot's, 
the remaining fourth belonged to the Bishop of Clogher 
(excepting the tithes of Ballinbort), one moiety of which 
was appropriated to the use of the Parson of Iniskeene, 
one-fourth part to the Vicar of Rosserry, the last fourth 
part divided equally between the Abbot and the Bishop 
of Clogher. The lands of the Sept of Munteraran paid 
to the abbot four meathers of butter, and five of barley 
(each containing six quarters), which lands, with the site, 
&C.5 of the monastery, a small church and cemetery, and 
certain lofts, gardens, and closes adjoining, containing 
3 acres, were granted to Sir John Davies, Knt" — A7'ch- 
dalPs Moit. Hih^. Numerous references are made to 
Lisgoole, in the '* Annals of the Four Masters," as the 
burial-place of the great family of ' Maguire.' Dates, 
when remarkable abbots and learned men, &c., belong- 
ing thereto, departed this life, are also duly recorded. 

84 enniskillen long ago. 

Note F. Page 12. 

Antiquities of Devenish Island. 

We learn from Archdall, that " St. Laserian, otherwise 
Molaisse (to distinguish him from Laserian of Ferns), 
built a celebrated monastery in Daimhinis (Island of the 
Ox), and having died, 12 Sept., 563, was succeeded by 
St. Natalis, son of ^ngus, King of Connaught. In 822, 
the Danes plundered the island, and spared not the 
abbey; and, in 834, they repeated their devastations. 
In 1 157, and again, 1360, the abbey suffered much from 
fire. A.D. 1449, Bartholomew O'Flanagan was prior, and 
built the church. He died in 1462. This abbey was a 
large and curious building, and the workmanship remark- 
ably good. To the east of it stands a beautiful round 
tower, 76 feet high, and 41 in circumference. The walls, 
which are 3 feet thick, are built of hewn stone, each 
about a foot square within and without, and with scarcely 
any cement or mortar : the roof (was) in form of a cone, 
finished with one large stone shaped like a bell, with four 
windows (the form of a man's face over each), near the 
top, and opposite the cardinal points : the door is 9 feet 
from the ground; the inside of the building is quite 
smooth, and on the outside at the base, a circle of stone 
projects five inches. The church was large and beautiful, 
with a noble carved window over the altar. Next the 
window, to the right, about ten feet from the ground, 
is the inscription, ' Matheus O'Dubagan hoc opus 
fecit, Bartholomeo O'Flanagan Priori de Damynis. 
A.D. MCCCcxLix.' Round it is a frame with another 
inscription 7iow illegible." Such was the state of the 
ruins a century ago j but the reader who desires a full 

NOTES. 85 

and very interesting description " of the House or 
Oratory of the Saint; the Round Tower; the Great 
Church ; the Priory ; the Aherla, or Burial-place of the 
Saint, and probably of his early coarbs, or successors," is 
referred to Professor Wakeman's 'Lough Erne,' pages 
40-52, or his 'Antiquities of Devenish,' for an accurate 
sketch, by pen and pencil, of what may now be seen in 
an island so full of interest, not merely to those in the 
locality, but to students of the ecclesiastical history and 
antiquities of our land. 

The following extract from f/ie Liquisition of the Fer- 
managh Jurors, dated 18 Sept., 1609, is given by the 
Rev. R. King, in his exhaustive work, ' The Primacy of 
Armagh' (page 50). " Having made mention of 8 Tares 
of land on the S. side of Lough Erne, all which," they 
observe, " together with the tithes thereof, belonge to the 
late dissolved abbey or house of Channons of Devenish ;" 
the Fermanagh jurors report further (col. 4), " that the 
said abbey or house of Channons of Devenishe, with 
one orchard or moore thereunto belonginge, are scituate 
and beinge in the iland of Devenish, and that out of the 
said abbey the said Bushopp of Clogher had yerelie a 
refeccion for a dale, or tenn shillinges in lieve thereof in 
his Visitation and not else, but not to stale all night ; 
and they alsoe sale upon their oathes, that the late 
priorie or house of secular priests of Collidea {i.e., of 
Culdees (R :K :), with an orchard thereunto belonginge, 
is likewise scituate in the said iland of Devenish, and 
that to the said late priorie doe belonge four Tates of 
land of the ould measure, with the tithes thereof, in the 
barronie aforesaid." — (" Maghereboy and Twora.") 

86 enniskillen long ago. 

Note G. Page 14. 

Sf. Patrick and the Early Church of Ireland, 

Dr. Chr. Wordsworth, the present Bishop of Lincoln, 
gives ample authorities to substantiate the independence 
of St. Patrick, and the Church which he founded, assert- 
ing that in those early days the Bishop of Rome " laid 
no claim to jurisdiction in the country Avhere (Patrick) 
was a Bishop, and where he planted the Church of 
Christ." " St. Patrick, and the Church of St. Patrick, 
were independent and free." The saint's account of 
himself in his Confession is, i. that his father was a 
Deacon, and his grandfather a Priest, a sufficient proof 
that the cehbacy (which Rome now enforces on her 
clergy) was no part of ecclesiastical discipline in the age 
and country of Ireland's Apostle. 2. With regard to 
Church Government, St. Patrick was a bishop, and he 
ordained priests and deacons. He acknowledged these 
three orders of ministers in the Church, and he mentions 
no others. 3. And what was his doctrine ? At the com- 
mencement of the same work, he has inserted his own 
profession of faith. It bears a strong resemblance to the 
Nicene Creed. " There is no other God," he declares, 
"besides God the Father, and His Son Jesus Christ, 
Whom we confess to have been from everlasting with the 
Father, and Who was begotten before all things, and by 
Whom all things were made, visible and invisible, and 
Who was made Man, and overcame death, and ascended 
into heaven to the Father. And God gave unto Him all 
power over every name in heaven and in earth, and 
under the earth, that every tongue should confess that 
Jesus Christ is Lord and God. We believe in Him, 

NUTES. 87 

and expect that He will come again to judge the quick 
and dead, and will render to every man according to his 
works ; and He has poured out upon us abundantly the 
gift of the Holy Ghost, the pledge of immortality, Who 
maketh us to believe and obey, and to be the sons of 
God the Father, and to be fellow-heirs of Christ Whom 
we confess ; and we adore One God in the Trinity of the 
Sacred Name." 

* Such is the Creed of St. Patrick, set down with his 
own right hand, at the close of his long life, in the 
volume which he left as a bequest to the people of Ire- 
land/ The Latin original is given as a foot-note (p. $$). 
— T/ie History of the Church of Ireland. 

Note H. Page 15. 

Hereditary Succession of Abbots and other Dignitaries of 
the Ancient Church of Ireland. 

In his learned ' Memoir of the Primacy of Armagh,' 
the Rev. Robert King shows, " that the evidence of the 
Annals" (of the Four Masters) '* goes to render probable 
the opinion that the succession to the office of Coarb or 
Abbot, as well as that of Erenach, was of hereditary 
character in many, if not most instances, from a very 
early period ; or even from the first origin of the several 
religious establishments concerned in the enquiry." " The 
idea of abbots transmitting their ecclesiastical estates to 
their sons, and other descendants after (this) manner, 
may appear perplexing to those who form their notion of 
the condition and circumstances of such persons, from 
what they have heard of those bearing a similar name in 
the Church of Rome at this day, and during past ages. 

qH enniskillen long ago. 

But anyone who is a little acquainted with the sources of 
our national history, must be familiar with the fact, that 
however highly esteemed the virgin state may have been 
among the early Irish Christians, not only was marriage 
not forbidden to their clergy, but it was actually common 
enough among them, as is indicated by numberless in- 
stances throughout the Annals, both before and afier the 
Anglo-Norman Invasion, where mention is made of the 
sons of ecclesiastical persons of different grades, bishops, 
abbots, priors, deans," &c. Here follow several quota- 
tions from the Annals, to illustrate the point, and the 
author proceeds with his statement : — " The preceding 
extracts present us with a very remarkable succession, 
unbroken for 350 years, of ecclesiastical persons of one 
kind or another, who lived in the married state, and 
reared up children to fill, in after time, such places in 
the Church as they themselves occupied, or others of 
kindred character." " Marriage was, therefore, not re- 
garded as in any way disreputable for a clergyman in 
Ireland in those days, seeing that the famous Conn-nam- 
bocht (who died a.d. 1059), 'the glory and dignity of 
Clonmacnoise,' although a Head of Culdees, was mar- 
ried ; and was also the son of a Spiritual Adviser or 
Confessor of Clonmacnoise, the grandson of a Lector or 
Divinity Professor, the great grandson of a Bishop," &c. 
For fuller proofs and illustrations of this matter, the 
reader may consult 'King's Memoir,' &c. (pp. 20-24.) 

NOTES. 89 

Note I. Page 17. 

'SJiam aNciU—' The Proud: 

The rebellious acts of this great Chieftain of Ulster 
gave the Government of Elizabeth much anxiety and 
trouble during the early part of her reign. Pretending 
submission to her as his Sovereign, he appeared in Lon- 
don (1562) attended by a guard of Gallowglasses, armed 
with axes, bareheaded, with curled hair hanging down, 
yellow shirts dyed saffron, long sleeves, short coats, and 
hairy mantlets. He threw himself on his face before the 
Queen, and confessed the crime of rebellion, as Camden 
says, " with howling." Campion writes, that the courtiers 
were so much amused with the barbaric haughtiness of the 
Irish Chief, and his professions of friendship for Eliza- 
beth, that, in jest, they devised his style thus : " O'Neill 
the Great, Cousin of St. Patrick, Friend to the Queen of 
England, and Enemy of all the World besides." But he 
could not lay aside his ambitious projects, or his turbu- 
lent and vindictive conduct towards the neighbouring 
chiefs who showed any favour to the English, or opposed 
his designs. In 1566 the Bishop of Meath, writing to 
the Earl of Sussex, declares that Shane O'Neill's "tyranny 
joined with his pride, is intolerable, daily increasing in 
strength and credit, with admiration and fear of the 
Irishry." In the pride of temporary success, he spoke 
of the honour of the peerage with scorn, and alluding to 
MacCarthy More (the Irish Lord of Desmond) being pro- 
moted to the Earldom of Clanrickard, he exclaimed, " A 
precious earl the Queen has made of MacCarthy, but I 
keep a horse-boy nobler than he. My ancestors were 
Kings of Ulster ; and as Ulster was theirs, so now Ulster 


is mine, and shall be mine ; with the sword I have won 
it, and with the sword I will keep it." In 1567 he met 
with a violent death, during a quarrel, at a feast given 
him by the Scotch clan of M'Connell, near Cushenden, 
when the latter overpowered and slew the Irish followers 
of O'Neill, and buried their weapons in the body of 
their chieftain. His head was sent up to the Lord 
Deputy, and set upon a pole raised on the highest tower 
of Dublin Castle. — Wright's History of Ireland, Div. II., 
Vol. I. 

In the old graveyard of Kilskeery (County Tyrone), 
there is still to be seen a headstone (in form of a cross), 
with the following curious inscription, in raised Roman 
letters, marking the grave of one of his descendants : — 

"here lyeth 


OF Mr. Con mac tur 

LOGH O'NeIL mac. SH 




Mac Shane 

Odemus Earl of 

Tyrone & 21 of 
HIS children. Hee 
DYED May the 29, 

1723. aged 86." 

*' Shane Odemus is an English way of expressing 
' Shane an diomais,' i.e., 'John the Proud;' and Breon 
(or Brian) was one of his illegitimate sons, brother of 
Hugh na Gavelock (of the fetters), hanged for treason, 
by Hugh, the Great Y.'axV— Letters by Mr. T. O' Gorman, 
Associate of the R.H.A, Association of Irelatid (1873). 

NOTES. gi 

Note J. Page 20. 

T/ie Diocese of Clogher. 

During the times of Paganism there was, in this part 
of Ireland, a Druidic sanctuary, in which was kept a stone 
of divination, called ' the Golden Stone ' (Clogh or), from 
which the place (Clogher) is supposed to derive its name. 
This stone, covered with gold, was preserved for many ages 
after the abolition of Druidism ; for it is affirmed by the 
celebrated annalist of Ulster, Cathal Maguire (Dean of 
Clogher and Parson of Iniskeene), in his Commentary 
on the Registry of the Diocese, in 1490, that '' this 
sacred stone is preserved at Clogher, on the right of the 
entrance into the church, and that traces of the gold with 
which it had formerly been covered by the worshippers of 
the idol, called Cermaed Celsetacht, are still visible." 
" The See of Clogher is one of the most ancient in Ire- 
land, and had its origin (according to some authorities) 
in an Abbey of Regular Canons, founded by St. Pat- 
rick himself, which he resigned to St. Karten, when he 
went to Armagh, where he established his celebrated 
abbey. The Registers of Clogher, however, assert 
Macartin to have been the first Prelate of this See, 
which has been called the Bishopric of Ergal, Uriel, 
or Oriel, by the annalists, and sometimes Bishopric of 
Lough Erne." Edan O'Killeday, Bishop of the See 
(twelfth century), subscribed himself as B. of Uriel, to 
the great Charter of Newry. About the middle of the 
eleventh century, the See of Louth was united to that of 
Clogher, with the deaneries of Drogheda, Dundalk, and 
Ardee ; but about the latter end of the thirteenth cen- 
tury, Louth was taken possession of by the Archbishop 


of Armagh. This See embraces parts of five counties — 
namely, Louth, Monaghan, Fermanagh, Tyrone and 
Donegal, having an area of seventy-six British miles 
long, and twenty-five broad, or nearly 890,000 statute 
acres, and containing seventy-seven benefices, and above 
65,000 church members. The Chapter of Clogher con- 
sists of a Dean, Archdeacon, Precentor, Chancellor, five 
Prebendaries (viz.,Devenish,Donecavey, Kilskery, Tully- 
corbet, and Tyholland), and two (Diocesan) Canons. 
Since the disestablishment of the Church of Ireland, the 
Diocese of Clogher has been divided into seventy-seven 
benefices, and (except five private endowments) is under 
a diocesan scheme, passed by a Synod, held at Clones, 
in January, 1872, but which has been recently re-ad- 

There is a list of eighty-five prelates who held this 
See, in succession from its first Bishop, Macartin, until 
its union with the See of Armagh (under the Church 
Temporalities' Act), upon the demise of Lord Robert 
P. Tottenham in 1850. 

The following are the most remarkable for piety, learn- 
ing, or munificence, in their respective ages : — i. a.d. 
493, St. Macartin (who Avas a descendant of Fiachus 
Araidh, King of Ulster), one of the earliest and most 
constant companions of St. Patrick, fixed his See at 
Clogher (or Ergal), died in 506, and was buried in his 
churchyard. (2.) 506, St. Tigernach, who was called 
Legate of Ireland, succeeded, and fixed his See at 
Cluainis (Clones), and died about 550. (12.) St. Lase- 
rain (Mo-Laisre), Abbot of Devenish, died about 571. 
(15.) St. Aidan went over to Britain (635), and converted 
the Northumbrians. He was made first Bishop of Lin- 
disfarne. Maelcob, son of Hugh, King of Ireland, was 

NOTES. 93 

(i6th) Bishop (a.d. 640.) St. Adamnanus, called Legate 
of Ireland, was his successor, supposed by Ware to be 
Abbot of Hy. (42.) a.d. 1126, Christian O'Morgair 
(brother of St. Malachy, Archbishop of Armagh), is highly 
spoken of, by St. Bernard and others, for wisdom and 
piety. A.D. 1 191, Maelisa MacMaelKiaran (son of Bishop 
MacMaelKiaran), Abbot of Mellifont, became (the 46th) 
in the succession. (52.) a.d. 1287, Matthew MacCatha- 
said, Chancellor of Armagh, was tmanimously elected 
bishop, and consecrated in the Abbey of Lisgoole, Co. 
Fermanagh, 29 June, 1287. He proved a great bene- 
factor to his See; erected two See-houses, and rebuilt 
and enriched the cathedral with various presents. After 
governing the Diocese about 28 years, he died, a.d. 13 16. 
(54.) a.d. 1320, Nicholas MacCathasaid, Archdeacon 
of Clogher, was elected in Feb. 13 19, and consecrated 
the next year, at Lisgoole. He presided over the See 
2,(i years, and died 1356. 

(56.) T361, Matthew MacCathasaid II. (nephew of 
his namesake), was also Archdeacon of Clogher, and suc- 
ceeded by election of the dean and chapter, and not by 
provision of the Pope of Rome. (60.) 1432, Peter 
Maguire, Archdeacon of Clogher, was raised to the See, 
both by election of the chapter, and the provision of the 
pope. He resigned about 1449, and having died 1450, 
at Cleenish, was buried at Lisgoole. — ' Four Masters.' 
(61.) 1449, Roger (or Ross) Maguire, 3rd son of the 
Chieftain of Fermanagh, succeeded, by the pope's provi- 
sion, and ruled about 34 years. Dying in 1483, he was 
buried in Aghalurcher Church, and is mentioned by 
Uhe Four Masters' as a man distinguished for piety, 
wisdom, and hospitality. (62.) 1484, Edmund Courcy, 
D.D., a Franciscan Friar (of the ancient noble family 


of DeCourcy), was the first Englishman consecrated as 
Bishop of Clogher. 

(66.) 15 19, Patrick Culin, Prior of St. John, Dublin, 
was elected, after a vacancy of four years. He was con- 
sidered a man well learned in antiquities, and also in 
poetry; and, with the aid of his archdeacon, Roger 
Cassidy, compiled a Registry of Antiquities from the 
ancient documents of his See. He composed a metrical 
hymn in praise of St. IMacartin, which is still extant. In 
1528, the pope gave him a dispensation from residence, 
on account of the poverty of his See, which had been so 
wasted in the wars, that it was not worth more than 
eighty ducats per annum. — (Reg. Cromer.) He died in 


(67.) The last bishop who held the See and its tem- 
poralities from the Court of Rome, was Hugh (Odo) 
O'Cervallan, promoted by Pope Paul III., and confirmed 
by Henry VIII., in 1542. 

The Reformed or Protestant Succession. 

(68.) A.D. 1570, Milar Magrath, a Franciscan friar, 
was, by the Pope (pius V.) made Bishop of Down ; but, 
having professed himself a Protestant, was appointed by 
Queen Elizabeth to Clogher, September, 1570. In the 
next year, he was translated to Cashel, and allowed to 
retain the See of Clogher, from which little or no profit 
could be obtained, because of the ravages by long-con- 
tinued wars in this part of Ireland. (69.) 1605, Dr. 
George Montgomery, Dean of Norwich, a Scotchman, 
was advanced by James I. to the See of Clogher (which 
had been long vacant by reason of its impoverished con- 
dition), holding at same time the Sees of Derry and 
Raphoe. In 16 10, the king, by patent, endowed this 

NOTES. 95 

bishopric with the lands formerly belonging to the Abbey 
of Clogher, which much improved its value. The recom- 
mendations of Bishop Montgomery for the improvement 
of the state of the Church in Ulster, were in great part 
carried into effect, and his services in that respect were 
acknowledged by his Majesty, who, by Privy Seal, 24th 
July, 1 6 10, promoted him to the See of Meath (Clogher 
being retained), as recorded thereby, " in recompense of 
the great charge he hath sustained in attending, by our 
appointment, the erection and settling of ye Bishopricks 
and Churches in the North, which he hath effectively 
performed." — Rot. Pat. Cane. Z Jac. I. 

Bishop Montgomery died 15th January, 1620(1). 
(70.) 162 1, James Spottiswood (of Scotland also), accom- 
panied James I. to England, as one of his Majesty's 
household, and having been preferred (in 1602) to the 
Rectory of Welles, in Norfolk, was promoted to the See 
of Clogher, 162 1, some time after the demise of Dr. 
Montgomery. He wrote a treatise, " St. Patrick's Pur- 
gatory," and a very curious statement, called " A Breefe 
Memorial of his Lyfe, and the Troubles he fell into in 
Ireland;" and, dying in London, 1644(5), was interred 
in Westminster Abbey, near the resting-place of his elder 
brother, who had been an eminent archbishop of St 
Andrew's in Scotland. (71.) 1645, Henry Jones, a man 
oflearning and judgment, hospitable, andagreat preacher. 
At the Restoration of Charles II. he was translated to 
the See of Meath, and was succeeded (166 1), by Dr. 
John Lesley, who had been Bishop of the Western Isles 
(Scotland), and thence translated to Raphoe, in 1633, 
where he made himself extremely useful in 1641. He 
was the only bishop who remained in Ireland during the 
usurpation of Cromwell. Dr. Lesley was a man of great 


talents, and varied accomplishments, a sound church- 
man, and in high favour with the king (Charles II.) 
He died at his seat, Castle-Lesley (now Glasslough), in 
the County of Monaghan, September, 1671, aged loo 
years or upwards, having been fifty years a bishop, and 
was succeeded by Dr. Robert Lesley, Bishop of Raphoe, 
who, however, lived only till the following August. (74.) 
1672, Dr. Roger Boyle, Bishop of Down and Connor, 
was his successor ; a prelate of great learning and blame- 
less life, who died at Clones, and was buried in the 
church there, a.d. 1687. James 11. made no appoint- 
ment to fill the vacancy, but applied the revenues of the 
See to the payment of his popish bishops. (75.) 1690(1), 
Dr. Richard Tennison, translated by William III. from 
Killaloe to Clogher, 26th February, was a zealous and 
constant preacher, brought back to the church many dis- 
senters, and was a great benefactor to his See. Being 
translated to Meath, he was succeeded in 1697, by St. 
George Ashe, D.D., Bishop of Cloyne, who became 
Vice-Chancellor of the University of Dublin, 1702. He 
repaired and improved the See-house and lands, and was 
translated to the Seeof Derry, 17 16. Shortly afterwards, 
(77.) 17 17, John Stearne was translated from Dromore. 
He was a munificent benefactor to the city and uni- 
versity of Dublin, of which he (also) was Vice-Chancellor, 
and died 6th June, 1745, aged 85. Amongst his munifi- 
cent public charities and legacies, are the following : — 
^80 yearly to a catechist, to be chosen by the clergy of 
Dublin every third year. ^^40 per annum to the chaplain 
of Steevens' Hospital, and his estate at Ballough, County 
Dublin (after death of his nephew and his sisters), to the 
said hospital. ;^2o yearly out of that estate, to Mercer's 
alms-houses, Dublin. ^^200 to these alms-houses, built 

NOTES. 97 

and endowed for bringing up 25 poor girls as household 
servants. ;^4o per annum to Lying-in Hospital. ;£^ioo 
per annum for binding as apprentices five sons of deceased 
poor clergymen. ;£'4oo to the Bluecoat Hospital. ;£6oo 
to Dean Swift's Hospital for Lunatics. ;£ioo towards 
building a spire on St. Patrick's Cathedral. ^£^50 per 
annum between ten Exhibitions in T.C.D. — poor scho- 
lars from Diocese of Clogher to have the preference. 
j£i,c per annum to increase the fund of Chetwood's 
Charity. ^2^^1,200 for erecting and furnishing a Printing 
House for the Dublin University ; all his printed books, 
of which the Library had not already copies, and his 
valuable collection of MSS. ; the rest of his books, to 
Marsh's Library, such as were not found there, and the 
remainder to the curates of his diocese. ^£"2,000 to the 
Trustees of First Fruits, for purchasing glebes or impro- 
priate tithes ; one-third of the yearly value to be remitted 
to the incumbent during his residence, the other two- 
thirds to be paid to the trustees, until they shall have 
been reimbursed the purchase-money, which is then to 
be employed for the benefit of some other incumbent. 
;£"i,5oo, or ;^2,ooo, at the discretion of his executors, 
towards finishing the Cathedral of Clogher. If any surplus 
of his property remain, the same to be applied to any 
charitable purpose which his executors may approve, 
and especially towards the support of blind children." 
(78.) Dr. Robert Clayton, Bishop of Cork, was translated 
in August, 1745, and died, 1758, of a fever occasioned by 
his alarm at an Ecclesiastical Commission issued to bring 
him to trial for Arian tenets, offensively avowed in his 
writings, " Essay on Spirit," and " Vindication of the 
Histories of the Old and New Testaments." (81.) a.d. 
1796, Dr. William Foster (brother of the Speaker of the 



Irish House of Commons), having died in 1797, was 
succeeded by (82.) Dr. John Porter, by translation from 
Killala, December, 1798. (83.) The Right Hon. Lord 
John George Beresford, D.D., was translated from 
Raphoe (181 9), but retained the See of Clogher only 
until the year following, when promoted to the Arch- 
bishopric of Dublin. (85.) The Right Hon. Lord 
Robert Ponsonby Tottenham Loftus, by Patent of Decem- 
ber, 1822, was appointed, being removed from the See 
of Ferns, and continued as Bishop of Clogher until his 
demise in April, 1850. Upon the avoidance thus made, 
the Bishopric of Clogher (under the Church Tempo- 
ralities Act, 1834), was suppressed as a separate See, and 
annexed to Armagh, as an united Diocese. The Primacy 
was then held by the Right Hon. Lord George Beres- 
ford (promoted from Archdiocese of Dublin in 1822), 
who was greatly distinguished for his princely munifi- 
cence and Christian virtues. He died full of years, 
deeply regretted, and was succeeded in 1862 by His 
Grace, the present Primate and Metropolitan of All 
Ireland, the Right Hon. and Most Rev. Marcus Gervais 
Beresford, D.D., and D.C.L. Oxon., then Bishop of the 
United Diocese of Kilmore, Elphin, and Ardagh ; and 
under his wise, dignified, and courteous presidency the 
United See of Armagh and Clogher continues to the pre- 
sent time. 

Note K. Page 21. 

T/ie Six Bays' Labour Act, 9 Amie, cap. 9 (17 10). 

The Six Days' Labour Act was passed, nth James I., 
c. 7, enacting that for every ploughland in tillage or 
pasture, occupied by a person in the same parish, and 
every one keeping a plough, shall send to the place 

NOTES. 99 

appointed for the amendment of the highways in that 
parish, one cart, furnished, &c., with oxen or horses, and 
also two able men — explained and further enforced by 
9 Anne, c. 9, enacting (sect. 2) that the major part of 
parishioners, who shall meet in Easter week yearly, may 
agree to divide the whole way, or keshes to be made, 
and allot so much of the highway as can be finished by 
the six days' work in that year, and so to continue 
yearly, till the whole highway be repaired. Section 3 
enacted, that when any parish has not any highway 
through it, the inhabitants thereof should be liable to 
work in the next parish wherein shall be a considerable 
highway, leading to any city or market, in proportions 
ordered by presentment of Grand Jury, &c., so as such 
work shall not exceed the six days' labour, or the person 
be obliged to go two miles beyond the limits of his parish 
to work at any highway. — Statute Book of Irish Parlia- 

Note L. Page 22. 

The Ravages of ' The O'Neill: 

Shane Maguire (the Chieftain of Fermanagh), who 
had submitted to Elizabeth's rule, having refused to ac- 
cede to Shane O'Neill's demands of sovereignty over 
him (as if his were a subordinate sept of Ulster), was 
reduced to the greatest extremities, his country being 
invaded and ravaged, October, 1562, thereupon he wrote 
to the Earl of Sussex, the Lord Deputy, seeking aid and 
redress. His letter pathetically closes with these words, 
" Send me word if ever I shall have any succour against 
Shane O'Neill." Driven out of a large portion of his 
inheritance, he soon afterwards repaired to the Deputy, 


and seems encouraged by his counsels ; but immediately 
on his return he was subject to a fresh invasion, and 
complains again, by letter of 25th November, " that the 
last journey that Shane O'Neill made into this country,. 
with the help of Hugh O'Donnell, they left neither house 
nor corn in all my country upon the mainland unwasted, 
nor church, nor ' sentory ' (sanctuary), unrobbed ; but 
there are certain islands in my country, in which 
islands stand all my goods. But yr. lordship shall under- 
stand that Hugh O'Donnell has prepared and provided 
twelve boats for to rob and waste all these islands, and 
Shane O'Neill is coming by land, with all his power, so 
that I cannot escape, neither by water nor by land, ex- 
cept God and yr. lordship do help me at this need ; for 
I do promise to God & to yr. Honor, that all my country 
are against me, because of their great losses ; " and he 
adds — " If the said Shane should take the possession of 
my country once into his own hands, I do promise you, 
that he would give enough to do to all the Queen's sub- 
jects to set him out of this country; and, furthermore, 
all the North of Ireland will hold with him for fear to be 
handled as I am." — Wright's History of Ireland, 

Note M. Page 23. 

Removal of Chapel-of -Ease fr 0711 Puhble to Tempo. 

In the Vestry Book of Inniskeene Parish appear 
several notices of sums to be levied for building a new 
Chapel-of-Kase, in lieu of that of Pubble, from Easter, 
1775, to Easter, 1784, when the first notice of Tempo 
chapel is found. Fifty pounds is the first item (1775), 
and thirty pounds yearly, to 1783 inclusive, amounting 



to ^290 in all. In April, 1784, this minute is recorded : 
^" ;£"5 for clerk of Tcmpo^ and £^\ for sexton ; £^2 
1 6s. lo^d. for a gate for chapel of Tempo; ^8 for 
building wall and piers to enclose churchyard of cha,pel 
of Tempo. The materials of the old chapel of Pubble 
to be sold by auction, to build a wall round the church- 
yard " — (of Pubble). Under date of August, 1780, is 
this memorandum — " Hugh Maguire, Esqr.'s proposal 
to give site for Chapel-of-Ease on Hill near Tempo was 
accepted " — by Vestry. This transfer of site for Chapel- 
of-Ease was effected during the incumbency of Dr. 
Thomas Smith, the Rev. Charles Lucas Bell being curate 
of the country district (called Pubble). 

" Close to Pubble, in the middle of a plain field, may 
be seen one of the finest boulders, composed of red 
sandstone, remaining in the N.W. of Ireland. On each 
of its perpendicular sides, which are four in number, has 
been excavated a magnificent basin" (Bullan). ''The 
upper surface is table-like and comparatively smooth, and 
displays many scores of cup-hollows, which present every 
appearance of having been formed by man. This monu- 
ment measures 5ft. 3in. in length by 3ft. loin. in height 
above ground. It is 3ft. 11 in. in thickness. Its basins 
are respectively about ten inches in diameter, by seven 
in depth." 

Near Drumgay (also in Enniskillen parish) " there is 
a very singular bullan, almost buried in the centre of a 
low earthen mound, upon the northern side of the loch. 
The material is red sandstone. Diameter of basin, ift. 
3in. ; depth, 1 1 inches. The spot is considered very 
sacred, though far apart from church or cemetery." "An- 
other Bullan, near the western shore of that crannoged 
loch " (Drumgay) ** bears the unusual symbol of a cross 


within its hollow. Diameter of the bowl, ift. 4in. ; and 
depth; eight inches. It occurs in a block of red sandstone, 
measuring six feet by ten, which must have been brought 
from a considerable distance." — Paper by W. F. Wake- 
man, on Rock-markings, &*c., in County Fennanagh, 1875. 
In connection with these pre-historic monuments within 
the parish, mention should be made of the fine Ogham- 
stone, of hard, red or yellowish sandstone, found by the 
same distinguished archaeologist, close to the cam, at 
Topped Mountain, not far from Tempo. It bears seven 
well-cut Ogham characters, which (as decyphered by 
S. Ferguson, Esq., LL.D.) represent the word 'Nettacu,' 
supposed to be a proper name, perhaps of some mighty 
chief in Pagan times, whose remains lie low beneath the 
Topped Cam." — J bid. 

Note N. Page 24. 

An Order of Privy Council, loth September, 1856, 
severed from Enniskillen parish the lands of Ballylucas, 
Cloghtate, Carrowmacmea, Derryvore, Drumard, and 
Killmalanophy, and transferred them to Derryvollen ; 
also the townlands of Ring (big and little), and added 
them to Cleenish parish ; whilst Derryhillagh, Gort- 
messin, Lackaboy, and Levaghy were taken from Derry- 
vollen to form part of the western division of the parish 
of Enniskillen. By a later arrangement the first three of 
these townlands have been separated from Enniskillen to 
form part of the new parish of Garvary. 

NOTES. 103 

Note O. Page 27. 
TJie PrecentorsJiip of St. Ma car tin. 

This dignity was first established by Bishop Mont- 
gomery, in the reign of James I., but the name of the 
first appointed Precentor cannot now be traced. By 
Patent, bearing date 13th May, 1625, the Very Rev. 
George Makeston, Dean of Armagh, received the Pre- 
centorship, in addition to his Deanery. 

In an old list (that I received from the Very Rev. Dr. 
Reeves) the name of James Ovens appears as the Pre- 
centor in 1626; and according to the following docu- 
ment, the Rev. John Smith, A.M., was inducted as 
Rector of Eniskeene, and also installed as Precentor, on 
the presentation of Charles I., November, 1633 : — 

" Johannes Smith, in Artibus Magister, admissus fuit, 
per Jacobum Armachanum Archiepiscopum, ad Rectoriam 
de Eniskeene, alias Eniskillen, alias Presentoriatum sive 
Presentoriatus dignitatum in Ecclesia Cathedrali Sti. 
Mackertini Cloghorensis Diocesis, 19° Novembris, super 
presentacione Caroli Regis. Installatus et inductus fuit, 
26°Novemb. 1633." — -R^gal Visitation of C^ogher, 1633-4. 

Thenceforward to the present time the benefice of 
Inishkeene formed the corps of the Precentorship, and 
the rectors of this parish have been the Precentors of 
Clogher Catliedral. 

Note P. Page 27. 

The (^Protestant) Rectors of Inishkeene. 

The University Calendar gives first on the fist (1622) 
James Slacke, and in the Ulster Visitation Book of 


same year, under the heading, " Iniskeene," is the fol- 
lowing entry : — " James Slacke, Incumbent ; valuation, 
;£i3 6s. 8d. ; value, ;£6o : resident hard by Iniskeene, 
where he keepeth a sufficient curate. The old church 
is ruinous, in an island, and now the church is appointed 
to be builded anew at Inniskillen, but goeth slow for- 
ward, as all works of that nature — No house — He hath 
some tates in possession for Glebe." Mr. Slacke appears 
in possession of the benefice in 1631. In the Univer- 
sity Calendar the name of George Makeston appears 
second on list (of Enniskillen Rector)), as if instituted, 
13th May, 1625 ; but this is questionable. His being Pre- 
centor of Clogher at that period may have led to this 
mistake. Slacke does not find a place among the digni- 
taries of that Chapter, whereas John Smith, A.M., was 
instituted to Inishkeene, and also installed as Precentor„ 
November, 1633. He is called Rector of Iniskeene 
a?id Rossory in 1635. — {Todd.) In 1666 he was ap- 
pointed Dean of Limerick, and consecrated Bishop of 
Killala, 21st March, 1679(80). Aged and infirm at the 
time, he died within the year, viz., 2nd March, t68o (8i). 
The inscription on his tomb in the cathedral (Killala) 
states, ^'Hic positag exuvic^ Johan. Smith, D.D., &c.,. 
Episcopi, Pastoris vigilantissimi, concionatoris facundis- 
simi, hominis integerrimi. Obiit 2 Martii, ^tatis suae 76^ 
A.D. 1680." 

Next in order is Robert Sheridan, A.M. (Precentor), 
collated and instituted, June, r 661. The preceding names 
do not appear among the parish records, which begin 
with the incumbency of William Vincent (installed Pre- 
centor), June, 1666. He was appointed Fellow of T.CD. 
by King's Letter, 29th December, 1660 (and made a 
Senior Fellow.) Resigning on this benefice, he held it 

NOTES. I 05 

till 1683. His last signature in parish and vestry records 
is on 23rd October, 1682. Succeeded in the dignity and 
living by Richard Crumpe, Sch. and F.T.C.D. (1678), 
who was instituted, June 23, 16S3, but his name does not 
appear in the register, Alexander Moutray, the curate, 
presiding at the Easter vestries of 1683 and 1684. Ezekiel 
Webbe appears at Easter vestry, April 21, 1685, as rector, 
and was among the Protestant aristocracy, clergy, and 
gentry attainted by the Act of James II., in 1689. He 
was appointed Dean of Limerick by patent of January 9, 
and installed in the cathedral there, March 9, 1690(1), 
and in 1692 was Archdeacon of Aghadoe, till his death 
in September, 1704. — " Cotton's Fasti," vol. i. 

He seems to have held the living of Inishkeene with 
the deanery, as the Rev. Thomas Smyth, his successor, is 
stated (in the University list) to have been instituted in 
1692. The gap in the parish register from May, 1685, 
to December, 1691, leaves us without local proof of the 
exact time of Dr. Smyth's appointment 

The following notice of this eminent divine is an ex- 
tract from "Cotton's Fasti:" — "Thomas Smyth, D.D. 
(grandfather of the first Viscount Gort), was born at 
Dundrum, in the County of Down, 1654 ; was Fellow of 
T-C.D., and became successively Precentor (Dean of 
Emly), and Chancellor of Clogher. Lord Capel (Lord 
Justice of Ireland), recommended him strongly for the 
See of Limerick, as a person of high character, for dili- 
gence, good example, and great moderation towards 
dissenters from the Church (MSS. Lambeth, 942). Con- 
secrated, December 8, 1695, and enthroned, April 30, 
1696. In 17 14, he was appointed Vice-Chancellor of 
the University of Dublin, was a liberal benefactor of the 
poor, both during life and by his will, and died,. May 4, 


1725." The Rev. Andrew Mitchell, A.M., Instituted, 
October 16, 1696, continued rector up to the time of his 
death, 8th January, 1743, aged 81 years, and was buried 
in Enniskillen. His tombstone is in the churchyard, 
and stands against the wall of the church under the 
chancel window. This note from the Visitation Book of 
Clogher Diocese would imply that ' daily service' was the 
rule at the early part of the last century : " 17 17, monitus 
divina officia quotidie inservire." In 17 18, the Church 
of Pubble was ordered to be repaired. 

Caleb Cartwright, F.T.C.D., appointed, 23rd March, 
1743 ("University Calendar"), does not appear to have 
taken any active part in the work of the parish. His 
name is not found in the parochial records. He was 
collated to the Precentorship, June 11, became a Preben- 
dary of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, and was suc- 
ceeded by Rev. Samuel Virasel, A.M., as Rector of 
Inishkeene, November, 1743, who continued in the 
benefice till 1750, when Rev. Samuel Lindsay, A.M., 
was instituted, on whose demise, William Dobbin, B.D., 
Sch. and F.T.C.D., was instituted, August 28, 1768. In 
1789, he became Prebendary of Christ Church Cathe- 
dral, Dublin, and had as his successor, the Rev. Thomas 
Smyth, (D.D. 1783), who was collated as Precentor, and 
inducted to the parish, May, 1772, which he held till his 
death (in Dublin, 1821). He had also a parish in Dublin, 
where he chiefly resided, from the year 1798, in the 
house that is now the Queen's Institute, JNIolesworth 
Street. His son, Carew Smyth, Esq., was Recorder of 

The Rev. Thomas Romney Robinson, D.D., Sch. 
and F.T.C.D., was inducted, August i, 182 1, and ex- 
changed the living of Enniskillen for Carrickmacross, 

NOTES. 107 

with the Hon. and Rev. Jno. Charles Maude, A. M., who 
was inducted March 12, 1825, and continued rector till 
his death, June 21, i860. A tablet was erected in the 
church to his memory, by the parishioners and other 

On Nov. 29, i860, the Rev. William Connor Magee, 
D.D. (Sch.jT.C.D.), was inducted into the benefice, and 
resigned it on his promotion to the Deanery of Cork, 
early in 1864. He was also Dean of the Chapel Royal, 
Dublin, and in 1868, consecrated for the See of Peter- 
borough, which he adorns by his eloquence and admir- 
able power of organization. On the 25 th June, 1864, 
the Rev. Samuel Greer, Sch., T.C.D., was inducted as 
rector, and the day following installed in the Cathedral 
of Clogher as Precentor of Clogher. He retains to the 
present time the dignity and benefice, and by the dis- 
establishment has become the last of " the old rectors of 
the parish of Inishkeene." 

Note Q. Page 28. 
The Act of Attainder, 1689. 

Among those who sat in King James's Parliament at 
Dublin, held on the 7 th May, 1689, were Michael Boyle, 
D.D. (Titular) Archbishop of Armagh, Dopping, Bishop 
of Meath, Otway, of Ossory and Kilkenny, Wetenhall, of 
Cork and Rosse, Digby, of Limerick and Ardfert, as 
spiritual peers. " MacGwyre, Baroit of En?iiskillen^' was 
one of the temporal (or lay) lords; No commoners ap- 
pear to have represented either the Borough of Ennis- 
killen, or the County of Fermanagh. In the " Act for 
the Attainder of divers Rebels, and for preserving the 


interest of Loyal Subjects" (as it was entitled), nearly all 
the Protestant nobility, aristocracy, landed gentry, eminent 
clergy, merchants, and traders, were included by name 
and residence, among whom, residents of the County of 
Fermanagh, and adjacent part of County Monaghan, the 
following are to be found : — " Sir James Caldwell, of 
BeUick, Bart.; Sir John Humes, of CastleHumes, Bart.; 
Charles Caldwell, Esq., Bellick; Captain Abraham 
Creighton, of Crum ; David Rynd, of Dervoland, Esq. ; 
Gustavus Hamilton, of Monea, Esq.; James Creighton, 
of Crum, Gentleman ; Dr. John Lesley, of Derryvoland 
Parish, Clerk; Allan Cathcart, of Enniskilling, Gent.; 
William Smith, of Cleenish, Clerk; Robert Clarke, of 
Enniskilling, Merchant; William Frith, of the same, 
Gentleman ; William Cole, of Colehill, Gent. ; Ezekiel 
Webb, of Inniskillin, Clerk; Captain James Corry, of 
Castle Coole ; James Humes, son and heir- apparent of 
Sir John Humes, all late of the County Fermanagh ; 
Dacre Barret, of Clownish, Gentleman ; William Smith, 
of Clownish, Clerk; John Bradshaw, of Lysabuck, Gent.; 
all late of the County of Monaghan, allowed to come in 
and deliver themselves to the Chief Justice, by the loth 
August, 1689. William Arsdall, of Bummininver, Esq., 
and Andrew Hamilton, of Magherycrosse (and Kils- 
kerry?) Clerk, absented themselves since 5th November, 
1688, and were required to return and tender themselves 
on I St September, 1689." The first name on the list (for 
Ireland), is Francis Marsh, Lord Archbishop of Dublin ; 
r.ext, James, Duke of Ormonde ; and so, in order of rank, 
throughout the peers of the kingdom professing the Re- 
formed reli2ion. 

NOTES. 109 

Note R. Page 29. 

The Citrates- Assistant. 

A.D. 1622. The Ulster Visitation Book records, for 
the parish of " Iniskeene," that the rector. Rev. James 
Slacke, resided "hard by Iniskeene" (probably on the 
mainland, near the newly built town of Inniskillen), 
"where he keepeth a sufficient curate." The first curate, 
however, whose name appears in the Parochial Registers, 
is James Duncan, assistant to the Rev. W. Vincent, 
1676, and the next, Alexander Moutray, 1683. From 
1701 to 1720, Alexander Steel's name is found, and 
from 1723, Gustavus Plamilton, up to 1729, when 
Thomas Higginbotham begins to sign at vestry meetings 
as curate. John White follows in 1741, after him Henry 
Dunkin, 1752 to 1768. Then appears William Weir, as 
curate of the Town Division. (He became, many years 
afterwards. Incumbent of Trory.) In 1768, Andrew 
Steuart was curate of Pubble, or country district, till 
Charles Lucas Bell became his successor in 1776. Mr. 
Weir was succeeded in 1795, by Thomas Johnston, in 
the town, which curacy he retained till 1821 (when he 
was appointed rector of Bohoe), while Henry Leard was 
curate of Tempo division (late Pubble), from 1798 to 
1826. After Mr. Johnston's appointment to Bohoe, 
Mark Whittaker was nominated to Enniskillen curacy, 
which he held for four years, and some years after was 
promoted to Bohoe, from the curacy of Carrickmacross. 
In 1826, Richard P. Cleary became curate of the tovvn, 
and Richard Webb, of Tempo, who was succeeded in 
1838 by Nathaniel Hone until 1843, when John Whit- 
taker was appointed. In December of same year, New- 
port B. White was nominated as junior curate of the 


town till Mr. Cleary's death, February, 1845, when he 
acted as sole curate up to the nomination of George S. 
Greer, in 1846, as junior curate. 

William H. Bradshaw became successor to Mr. White 
as senior curate, in May, T847, and John A. Mathias, in 
June following, was nominated to the junior curacy. 
Upon his retirement, when appointed a Government 
chaplain at Ceylon, in 1853 (afterwards Archdeacon of 
Colombo), Robert Wilson was nominated, and remained 
till August, 1855, John M'Laurin taking his place on 
I St November following. He continued as junior curate 
until the end of i860, Mr. Bradshaw. under Dr. Magee, 
doing duty in the town as sole curate, till Bennet C. 
Davidson was nominated to the second curacy in Decem- 
ber, 1862, which he retained till September, 1864, and 
shortly afterwards was promoted to the incumbency of 
St. John's, Sandymount, Dublin. During this period 
(from 1843), the late Rev. John Whittaker continued in 
tlie Tempo district, and (on the disestablishment) was 
declared by the Irish Church Temporalities' Commis- 
sioners an Annuitant Incumbent, and had also granted 
by them the assistance of a curate. In September, 1870, 
Thomas Hughes (now LL.D.), was nominated second 
curate of the town, and continues as such to the present 
time (Mr. Bradshaw having officiated as sole curate from 
the retirement of Rev. B. C. Davidson, in 1864). In 
June, 1872, the Rev. W. H. Bradshaw, having been col- 
lated to the benefice of Kilskcery, the Rev. David O'Leary, 
A.M., shortly after succeeded to the vacant curacy, under 
the diocesan scheme, and still remaining there, like his 
predecessors, senior curates of Enniskillen, holds the 
chaplaincy of the episcopal troops in that garrison, under 
warrant from the War Office department. He is also 


a district officer, appointed by the Lord Primate, to issue 
marriage licenses for the Diocese of Clogher. 

Besides the above-mentioned curates, there appear on 
the Visitation Books of the diocese the following names : 
"Charles Forester, M.A.," 1679, and "Alexander Ste- 
phens, M.A." 1681, during the incumbency of the Rev. 
W. Vincent, LL.B. ; also that of " Archibald Johnston," 
as curate of Rev. Thomas Smyth, 1692, which are not 
recorded in the registers of the parish of Iniskeene. 

Note S. Page 30. 
Captain James Carry of Castlecoole. 

" Captain Corry was a great sufferer in his affairs and 
fortune at this time, besides the burning of his house; 
which afforded King William an opportunity of showing 
a grateful sense of the merits and injuries of a deserving 
subject, by granting to him a forfeited mortgage, due from 
the Earl of Tyrone to Sir Edward Scott, and some other 
considerable favours, though short of his losses. See 
Harris^ p. 222, and Appendix^ No. 30, where the patent 
is annexed at length, containing an account of Mr. Corr}'''s 
sufferings."" — i^The Actions of the Enniskillenmen^ p. 43.) 

His commission as captain of a company of foot, to 
be raised in the County of Fermanagh, bears date 1666. 
He was among the gentry of this county, attainted by 
the Parliament that met in Dublin, 1689, was elected 
Knight of the Shire for Fermanagh in 1692, which county 
he continued to represent till his death, in 17 18. He 
was appointed Governor of the county, 1705, and Colonel 
of Militia Horse, 1708, to be raised therein. 

The distinguished services of this gallant gentleman 


were vindicated from some severe and unjust strictures 
which appeared in Froude's " EngHsh in Ireland," by his 
present representative at Castlecoole, the Earl of Bel- 
more. — (See Times^ 7th December, 1872.) 

Note T. Page 31. 

" The Certificate 

Of the Governor and officers of Enniskillen, in behalf of 
Mr. Andrew Hamilton, when they sent him their agent to 
their Majesties King William and Queen Mary." 

" To all persons to whom these presents shall come, 
we, the Governor, Colonels, and other officers belonging 
to the Garrison of Enniskillen and county of Fermanagh, 
do hereby certify and declare that the bearer hereof, 
Andrew Hamilton, Clk., Rector of Kilskerry, and one 
of the Prebends of the Diocese of Clogher, has truly 
and faithfully adhered and joined with us since the 9th 
day of December last past ; at which time we did asso- 
ciate together, in defence of ourselves and the Protestant 
religion. And the said Andrew, at his own proper cost 
and charge, did raise a troop of horse and a foot com- 
pany, and joined them with us in the same cause, for 
which his enemies did him and his tenants all the mis- 
chiefs they could. And upon the 4th of the last month 
sent, under the command of the Duke of Berwick, an 
army of four or five thous*^ men, and did burn the dwell- 
ing-house, and all other the houses belonging to the said 
Andrew, in ten several villages ; and drove away from 
the said Andrew and his tenants above a thousand cows, 
two hundred horses and mares, and about two thousand 
sheep, with all their household goods. And the said 

NOTES. 113 

Andrew, between his temporal estate and Church living, 
was worth above four hundred pounds per annum, the 
profit whereof he hath lost, much of it lying in the 
enemy's country. And we further certify and declare, 
that the said Andrew Hamilton hath been one of the 
Prebends of Clogher these fifteen years past, and hath 
all along, during the same time, continued a painful and 
constant preacher, and of a good fame among us. 

" All which we certify under our hands, at Enniskillen, 
this 6th day of August, 1689. 

" GusTAVUS Ha^iilton, Governor, 
Thomas Lloyd, John Fulton, 

Oll. Jackson, Abraham Creichton, 

Alexander Fulton, William Parsons, 
William Smith, William Browning, 

Hugh Montgoaiery, Alexander Acheson, 

Robert Vaughan, Morgan Hart, 

Robert Clarke, Daniel Hodson." 

Thomas Hart, 

Note U. Page 34. 

The old Castle at Portora^ the residence of Bishop 

Dr. James Spottiswood was second son of John Spot- 
tiswood, Parson of Calder, and afterwards superintend- 
ent of Lothian, a prominent character at the time of 
the Reformation. The See of Clogher having become 
vacant by the death of Dr. George Montgomery early 
in 162 1, Dr. Spottiswood was appointed thereto, but 
was not consecrated till November in that year. He 
soon after came to the neighbourhood of Inniskillen, and 



fixed his dwelling at Portora (where " the old castle " 
now stands in ruins). It was not long till he met with a 
great deal of trouble, and for many years was entangled 
in vexatious transactions " with men of loose principles, 
but of considerable address, ability, and influence." 
Especially did his countryman, Sir James Balfour (after- 
wards created Lord Balfour of Clonawley, in County 
Fermanagh, being a favourite of James I.), show him 
great and life-long enmity, although they had served to- 
gether in the King's chamber before the bishop's admis- 
sion to Holy Orders. During his residence at Portora 
the following strange circumstance occurred, which pre- 
sents a vivid picture of the unsettled and lawless state of 
this part of Ulster at the period of the Plantation : — 
" The Bishopp being in Dublyn, called up for his Ma*'^" 
service, sixe or seaven of Balfour's and Sir John Wimbes' 
and Sir John Wishard's servants came to Portora, the 
Bishopp's dwelling place, by Inniskilling, and drave 
awaie betweene 40 and 50 Englishe cowes, worth three 
pounds apiece, w*"^ cowes belonged to Sir Henrye Spot- 
tiswood, the Bishopp's sonne." — A Bi-ief Memorial of 
the Life, &>€., of Dr. fas. Spottiswood. " S"- Henrye's ser- 
vants and some of the Bishopp's servants that were left 
at home, informed hereof, they followed the cattell, and 
overtaking them at the Bridge of Inniskilling, when they 
would not shewe theire warrant for takeing away the cat- 
tell, they rescued them "*****" But the verie next 
daye after came S'* John Wimbes, highe sheriff, w*^ 30 or 
40 of Balfour's tenaunts and servants, and did drive awaye 
all the goods about the Bishopp's howse, and thoughe 
there was good suretie offered him that the goods should 
be foorthcominge, and the Bishopp should aunsweare 
what could be iustlye demaunded of him, yet the sheriff 

NOTES. 115 

would not render three fayre mares and theire coltes. 
They were so lovelye beasts, He tooke them awaye w*^ 
hym." Some time afterwards a much more serious event 
arose between Balfour's men and some of the bishop's 
servants, who had driven off some cattle of Lord Bal- 
four's pasturing on the bishop's lands (near Lisnaskea), 
and, when within a few miles of Inniskillen, were over- 
taken by Sir J. Wimbes' and about sixty of Balfour's 
tenants and retainers. In the fray that followed. Sir 
John having wounded one Wm. Galbraith, his brother 
Humphrey, " took hold of a long skeane was about Sir 
John Wimbes, and therew*^ did give him a deadlie 
wound." This act of violence was the occasion of a 
series of troubles to the bishop for many years, resulting 
in his being tried in Dublin for procuring his servants to 
murder the sheriff. " The Grand Jurye havinge consulted 
long uppon the evidence, and fyndinge it not sufficient 
returned their verdict, ' Ignoramus.' " *' It is allmost 
incredible what indignities were offered the Bishopp at 
this tyme (1626-7), some by supposed ffriendes, to whome 
the Bishopp had byn a great Benefactor ; some, by his 
Tenauntes ; some, by servants and Neighboures, who 
thought he was brought so lowe, Hee could never ryse 

Not long after this it appears that Dr. Spottiswood 
removed from Portora, leaving that residence to his son, 
Sir Henry, and " begunn to settle himself at Clogher, in 
the Countye of Tyrone, which was of old an auncient 
Cittie, decored with twoo churches and a greate number 
of inhabitants, but in the late warres, was utterlie ruyned, 
the churches undermyned and fyred, the Bishopp' and 
the Abbott' and Chanons' howses were demolished : and 
at the Bishopp's cominge to dwell there, in anno 1628, 


there were no more than some ten or twelve poore 
people dwelling in cottages, patched up with skreas and 
wattles. The Bishopp therefore sett himself altogither 
to buyld a Howse for himself, to repaire the chm-che, to 
buyld an Inne, stables, barnes, keill, mill, &c., and the 
like, and to encourage others to buyld mth him ; so, 
w*^ muche adoe, obtained his Ma"^'^ Letters to lett 
200 acres in ffee farme, w*^^ he did accordinglie lett the 
200 acres to 16 several men, whoe were bound to builde 
Englishe Howses and plant orchards," &c. But all these 
efforts were thwarted by interested persons in that part 
of the country, and the Lords Justices of Ireland were 
required to examine into the matter. Thereupon he 
averred " that what he had done, ^ '^ * * * tended to 
the plantation and good of the cuntrie ; that it was not 
fytt a Bishopp should be hampered among Mechanicks 
in the Towne of Clogher ; that he had divers townelands 
adiacent and lyenge contigue, far more fitt to buyld uppon; 
but that himself was allwayes of opinion that the Bishopp 
havinge fayrer lands uppon Loghearn, in a better cuntrie, 
that a howse should be built there, nexte to Inniskillinge 
for all succeedinge Bishopps. Yett suche was the 
sclaunder of settinge these ffee farmes, which the Bishopp 
had lett accordinge to his Patent, and of a good Intention, 
that to stopp theire mouthes who exclaymed thereon, 
he gave content to them to whome theye were lett, and 
were begunn to build thereon, so were theye all surren- 
dered againe." (Cir. 1633.) 

The first principal portion of this rare document (pre- 
served among Lord Auchinleck's MSS., and long thought 
to be in the bishop's handwriting), proceeds to give ac- 
count of the deaths of some of Dr. Spottiswood's most 
malignant and persevering persecutors, and concludes 

NOTES. 117 

thus : — " Nowe, after manie Troubles, the Bishopp of 
Clogher he began to fynde rest, and did dailye amend in 
his worldhe estate : ffor by the Lord Deputy's favour, 
who was to the Churche of Ireland more than a ffather" 
— (Viscount Wentworth, afterwards the celebrated Earl 
of Strafford. — Ed.) — " the northern Bishopps of Ulster 
of the escheated countyes had lycence to lett newe 
Leases for 60 yeares, so had their rents doubled. Nowe 
had the Bishopp gott eight or nyne Townelandes lying 
contigue to his new howse in Clogher, which he destinat 
to be a perpetuall Demeasnes for his succeeding Bishopps, 
and gott an Act of Estate past thereon. He recovered 
allso other lands his Predecessor, Bishopp Montgomerie, 
was never in possession of; as namelie, the Isle of 
Devenishe, from the Lord Hastings, — the greatest part of 
the Island of Inishmore, from Sr. Ralph Goore, Baronett 
— theLandes of Ternomgrathe (sic), from James Magrath 
— the Towneland of Rakerin, from Sr. Arthur Leygh — 
the Quarter of Drumkennadagh, from Art. O'Neall, w"'^ 
thoughe the nowe Bishopp of Clogher hath leased to the 
old possessors for 8olb. (sic) yearlye, yet male be worthe 
ffyve hundreth Pounds per annum when the leases are ex- 
pired. The most parte allso of all the rest of the tenaunts 
surrendered theire old Leases, and tooke newe, doub- 
linge theire rents ; so that at this tyme the Bishoppricke 
is woorthe 15001b. yearlye. He hath allso ffower Hun- 
dreth Poundes per annum of his owne purchase, and his 
wyef her Dower, w*=^ summes he dothe not hoord up, 
nor yet dothe spende idlie, but keepeth an honourable 
Howse, and settethe manie poore men in woorke ; liveth 
contentedlye and pleasantlye w*^ a religious and ver- 
tuous Gentlewoman, of good Estimation, by whome, in 
his olde age, he hathe a sonne, named James, and twoo 


Daughters, Elizabeth and Marye, all hopefull children. 
Thus Is he dallye prepareinge for his dissolution, and pray- 
inge it maye be to God's glorye and his owne everlastlnge 
happlnes. — Amen." 

The remainder of the MS. Is written by a different 
hand, and, beginning with these words : — " But whlU 
the theater of this world lasteth, ther wil be new Tra- 
gedys played upon it. Behold, then, all the thre King- 
doms, first Scotland, next England, and last of all Ire- 
land, In a fearfull combustionn. In a verie schort tym," 
proceeds to describe the origin of the Great Rebellion 
(Charles L), and ends In this manner : — " The Bischop 
of Clogher had been verye kynd to the Nativis, and kept 
fourtle of them, at least, who wer his domesticks and 
household servants ; of whom, no question, ther were 
dyvers wittle fellows privie to the Rebellion, yet never 
on of them forwarned him of the danger ; but Archibald 
Areskin, his sone-In-law, send him a letter the 21 of 
October" (1641). 

The rest of the bishop's life Is not given In this In- 
teresting document, but from other sources we learn that, 
Intimidated by the violence of the Puritans and Papists 
(alike hostile to the Episcopal Church of Ireland), Dr. 
Spottlswood escaped to London, where he died,A.D. 164I, 
and was entombed In Westminster Abbey, near the re- 
mains of his brother, late Archbishop of St. Andrew's. 

These extracts afford some curious insight Into the 
manners of those stirring times, and throw much light 
on matters connected with the See of Clogher at that 
unsettled period of its history. 

The Spottlswood arms and the bishop's monogram 
(J.S.) were visible over the doorway of the old castle 
at Portora within a few years past, which was generally 

NOTES. 119 

considered a corroborating proof of the tradition that 
the bishop built that edifice. This note certifies the fact 
of his residence there. 

The " breefe Memoriall of the Lyfe and death of Dr. 
James Spottiswood Bishop of Clogher in Ireland," was 
first printed (from a MS. in the Auchinleck Library), 
Edinburgh, 4to, i8rr, and more correctly in the " Spot- 
tiswoode Miscellany," vol. I. (8vo, 1844). Reasons are 
therein assigned for attributing its authorship to his son, 
Sir Henry Spottiswood, the concluding portion being 
considered the production of Father Hay, the bishop's 
great grandson. — Cotton's Fasti. 

Mary, the younger daughter of Dr. Spottiswood, was 
married to Colonel Abraham Creighton, M.P. for Fer- 
managh, who commanded a regiment of foot at the battle 
of Aughrim, in 1691. Her son, David Creighton, Esq., 
was the gallant defender of Crom Castle, and made a suc- 
cessful sally from thence, whilst the Enniskilleners were 
engaged with the Irish army near Newtownbutler, and 
committed dreadful havoc on the fugitives, who were at- 
tempting to escape by a narrow pass or arm of Lough Erne 
near the castle. This gentleman represented Enniskillen 
in Parliament, attained the rank of Major-General, and 
became Governor of the Royal Hospital, Kilmainham, 
county Dublin. He died in 1728, and his only son, 
Abraham, was created Baron Erne, 15th July, 1768, suc- 
ceeded, in 1772, by his son, John, who was advanced to 
be Viscount Erne, 1781, and to the Earldom in 1789. 
His grandson, John, third and present Earl, succeeded his 
uncle, Abraham, second Earl, who died unmarried, June, 
1842. — Burke's Peerage. 


Note V. Page 46. 

Comjnissio?i f?'om the Governor of E7iniskille7i, in behalf 
of himself and people^ unto Mr. Hugh Ha7?iilto?i and Mr. 
Allan Cathcart, to present their Address to the then 
Prince of Orange^ and to solicit for arms and ammimi- 

*' To all Christian people, to whom these presents shall 
come, we, Gustavus Hamilton, Esq., elected Governor 
of Enniskillen, in the County of Fermanagh, and King- 
dom of Ireland, together with the inhabitants of the said 
town, and a select nmnber of Protestants united to them, 
send greeting, in our Lord God everlasting. Forasmuch 
as we have drawn and signed an Address of Thanks, 
to be presented to His Royal Highness the Prince of 
Orange, for his being the happy instrument, under God, 
of our delivery from Popery and ^arbitrary power : Now, 
know ye, that we, the said inhabitants of Enniskillen 
aforesaid, for divers causes and considerations us there- 
unto moving (but more especially that they have been 
eminent in concurring with us, & influencing the country 
against the designs the Lord Tyrconnell had against this 
place), have nominated, constituted, and appointed our 
well-beloved friends, Mr. Hugh Hamilton and Mr. Allan 
Cathcart, jointly or severally, to offer the said Address 
to his Highness, and to be presented by the Honorable 
Earl of Clarendon, or any other noblemen about Court. 
As, also, we empower the said Mr. Hugh Hamilton and 
Mr. Allan Cathcart, to solicit his Highness for arms and 
ammunition for this place. We also desire that credit 
may be given to these our Deputies, both for our trust to 
them, as also in their character in this country. 

" Given under the hand and seal of the Governor, 




NOTES. 1 21 

this 1 6th day of January, one thousand six hundred 
Eighty and Eight (nine), by unanimous consent of the 
inhabitants of the said town. 

" GusTAVus Hamilton." 
— The Actions of the Enniskillen Men. 

Note W. Page 51. 

The Inscriptions on the tombstones of IV. Pokrich and Rev. 
Mat. Young J as given in fac-si7nile on opposite page. 
The words of this curious legend (on William Pokrich's 
monument) were the last expressions of the celebrated 
statesman, Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex, Avho was 
brought to the scaffold, on Tower-hill, London, by 
Henry VIIL, the 28th July, 1540. Before laying his 
head on the block, he commended his soul to the Lord 
in these words : — " I have no merits nor good works, 
that I may allege before Thee. Of sinnes and evil 
worke (alas !) I see a great heape ; but yet, through Thy 
Mercy, I trust to be in the number of them to whom 
Thou wilt not impute their sinnes, but wilt take and 
accept me for righteous and just. Thou, merciful Lord, 
wast born for my sake ; Thou didst suffer both hunger 
and thirst for my sake \ all Thy holy actions and work 
Thou wroughtest for my sake j Thou sufferedst most 
grievous pains and torments for my sake ; finally, Thou 
gavest Thy most precious body & blood to be shed on 
the cross, for my sake. Grant mee. Merciful Saviour, 
that when Death hath shut up the Eies of my body yet 
the Eies of my soul may still behold and look upon 
Thee : and when death hath taken away the use of my 
tongue, yet my heart may crie and say unto Thee, Lord, 


into Thy hands I commend my soule ; Lord Jesus, re- 
ceive my spirit. — Amen." 

Cromwell, Earl of Essex, was a firm friend and helper 
of Archbishop Cranmer in promoting the cause of the 
Reformation in Henry's reign. 

The inscription on the Rev. M. Young's tombstone in 
the graveyard of Kilskeery parish (county Tyrone), bears 
date a few months earlier than that of Pokrich, and 
few monuments remain in this part of the kingdom, 
which, like them, record the names of persons dying 
about the time of the Ulster plantation. 

Matthew Young was the first rector of Kilskeery whose 
name appears in the Visitation Book. He was instituted 
before 1622. The next in order, Christopher Seaton, 
M.A., was collated February, 1626 (7), to Kilskeery with 
Maheracross, and held the Vicarage of Rossarrie also 
along with this union, in 1628. John Galbraith, coll. 
January, 163I, to the united parish of Kilskeery, and 
Maheracross; to whom succeeded Andrew Hamilton, 
A.M., August, 1639. Then, Robert Brisbane, M.A., 
March, 1661. James Hamilton, M. A., 19 March, 1662(3); 
on whose resignation, Andrew Hamilton (author of The 
Actions of Enniskillen Men in 1688) was instituted April, 
1666. James Kirkwood, M.A., coll. 1692, having re- 
signed in 1704, was succeeded by Nicholas Brown, M.A., 
November, 17 04, who was also Prebendary of Donacavey. 
Arthur St. George, M.A., coll. June, 1709; on his re- 
signing, Joseph Storey, M.A., was collated to Kilskeer)'- 
with Magheracross, July, 1716 ; afterwards Dean of Ferns, 
1740, and in 1742, Bishop of Killaloe. Alexander Mont- 
gomery, M.A., succeeded him, April, 1740; and upon 
vacancy by his death, Thomas Hastings, LL.D., was 
inducted, April, 1766. Dr. Hastings became Vicar- 

NOTES. 123 

General of Clogher, Prebendary of Donacavey, Pre- 
centor of St. Patrick's, Dublin, 1781, and Archdeacon 
of Dublin, 1785. He built, at his sole expense, the present 
church of Kilskeery, " dedicated to God, MDCCXC," 
and died, 19 February, 1794. To him succeeded Hugh 
Nevin, A.B., July, 1794 (also Preb. of Donacavey), who 
was followed by John Stack (F.T.C.D.), November, 1801; 
on whose death John Grey Porter, LL.B. (eldest son of 
the Right Rev. the Bishop of Clogher), was collated, 14 
Nov., 1813, and continued Rector and Prebendary of 
Kilskeery up to the disestabHshment, but did not long 
survive his resignation of the prebend and parish at end of 
187 1, having died in Dublin, June, 1873, at an advanced 
age. The name of John Grey Porter is entitled to the 
grateful remembrance of churchmen, for his munificent 
liberality, and the permanent benefits he conferred upon 
the diocese. Besides the erection of Clabby church 
during his lifetime, he gave to the Representative Body 
(by the hands of the Lord Primate) a sum of five thou- 
sand pounds towards an Endowment Fund for restoring 
the Bishopric of Clogher as a separate See, on condition 
of the necessary amount being raised for the purpose ; 
and upon failure thereof, to be applied in aid of poor 
parishes, or to augment inadequate stipends of the clergy. 
He also placed to the credit of the parish of Kilskeery 
the sum of ;^i5i5 (being an equal amount to the por- 
tion of his composition money in the hands of the 
Church Body), to provide a permanent endowment for 
that parish, and lodged with them a further sum of 
;^9oo, to purchase the glebe-house and curtilage, with 
some acres of the mensal lands, for the benefit of his 
successors in that incumbency. By his will he charged 
his extensive estates with forty pounds yearly for ever, 


to keep in due repair the schoolhouse and teacher's resi- 
dence (he had erected near the parish church of Kil- 
skeery), and to provide the salary for a schoolmistress 
for same, from time to time. He also bequeathed the 
sum of one hundred pounds yearly, in perpetuity, to 
each of the incumbents of Barr, Clabby, and Lisbellaw, 
three parishes in the Diocese of Clogher, in which some 
of his landed property lay. 

Having left the parish of Kilskeery vacant, 187 1 (by 
composition under the Irish Church Act), the Rev. 
Christopher Irvine, A.M., was nominated as incumbent, 
but was not inducted, upon whose resignation, W. H. 
Bradshaw, A.M. (senior Curate of Enniskillen), was in- 
stituted in June, 1872, and still holds the incumbency. 

In the parish church of Kilskeery there is a handsome 
marble tablet bearing this inscription : — " In memory of 
Rev. Arthur H. Irvine, 44 years curate of this Parish. 
Bom, 24th July, 1796. Died, 13th April, 1867. This 
tablet was erected by his Friends and Parishioners." 
I Thess. iv. 13, 14. 

In 1875 t^^ Rev. Richard Verschoyle, Rector of Derry- 
vullen, S., was installed as Prebendary of Kilskeery in 
Clogher Cathedral, on the appointment of His Grace 
the Lord Primate. 

The union of Kilskeery and Magheracross seems to 
have been dissolved at the death of the Rev. A. Mont- 
gomery (1766). They were episcopally united in 1661 
and in 1679. 

Kilskery, or Kilskeery takes its name from the Patron 
Saint, Scire (Virgin), after whom the parish of Kilskeer 
or Kilskire, Diocese of Meath, is also called. 

[The above account of Kilskeery Rectors is compiled 
from a list kindly supplied by the Very Rev. Dr. Reeves, 
Dean of Armagh.] 


Note X. Page 54. 

The full Inscriptioiis of the Mural Tablets^ not previously 

No. I. 

" To the memory of Margaret, the wife of David Rynd, 
sen''., who, being about lxvii. years of age, departed 
this life the 6 th of the Ides of Aug. anno Dom\ 


*" Here lies enshrin'd, beneath this monument, 

She, whom ev'n hearts of flint must needs lament, 
The lose of who (if birth, wealth, charitie, 
Could life deserve), had not known how to die.' " 

(Note. — The above D. Rynd, of Enniskillen, was a 
Patentee under the Act of Settlement of Lands in the 
County of Fermanagh, and married Margaret, daughter 
of Christopher Irvine, Esq., and widow of Colonel 
Richard Bell, and Captain Thomas Maxwell. David 
Rynd, senior, was buried, ist December, 1677. He left 
a son, David Rynd, of Derryvolan, J. P., who was High 
Sheriff in 1681, and among those who were attainted by 
James II., 1689. He died, 1723. His signature appears 
in the vestry-book as Provost of Enniskillen Corporation, 

No. 2. 
"P. M. S." 
"Danielis Eccles Armigeri, cujus exuvias, una cum 
Avi et Sororis Wiseheart, juxta sitse sunt. Natus est vii. 
die Maii, 1646. Pietate, Prudentia, Proprietate, Comi- 
tate et Morum simplicitate, conspicuus, obiit, Martis v°. 
1688. Monumentam hoc ingentis Doloris publici pre 


sertim sui, exiguum pro meritis, posuit filium {sic) Gil- 
bertus Eccles Armiger xx°. die Decembris, Ann. Dom. 

"Memento Mori." 

No. 3. 

" This tablet is raised to the memory of William Henry- 
Wood, Esq., Captain in the loth, or Prince of Wales's 
Own Royal Hussars, and second son of Colonel and 
Lady Caroline Wood, of Littleton, in the County of 
Middlesex. He died universally beloved and lamented, 
on the 13th of September, 1834, aged 29, at Florence 
Court, after a short and severe illness, during which he 
received from the Earl of Enniskillen the kindest care 
and most anxious attention. His earthly remains are 
deposited by that most excellent nobleman in his family 
vault adjoining to this church." 

(Some years after the date on this tablet the church 
was rebuilt, and the vault of the Cole family was placed 
beneath the new church.) 

No. 4. 

" Sacred to the memory of Christopher Stewart Betty, 
Lieutenant, 35 th Regiment, who died at Enniskillen, on 
the 6th day of August, 1838. This tablet has been 
erected as a tribute of esteem and respect by the officers 
of the 35 th Regiment." 

No. 5. 

''In memory of the late Rev. William Armstrong, a 
native of Enniskillen, and for a period of eighteen years 
Curate of Calry Church, Sligo. He was a sincere and 
devoted Christian, a faithful Minister of the Gospel, a 

NOTES. 127 

warm friend, and exemplary in the discharge of every 
social duty. He died at Sligo, on the 29th of March, 
1840, of fever, caught in the discharge of his ministerial 
duties, aged 48 years." 

No. 6. 

"Erected by Paul Dane, of Killyhevlin, Esq., in me- 
mory of his father, Richard Dane, who departed this life 
on the 29th day of January, a.d. 1842, aged 72 years." 

No. 7. 

" In memory of James Gunning, of the Ulster Bank, 
Belfast, who died in that town on the 26th August, 187 1, 
in the twenty-first year of his age. He was the fourth 
son of John Gunning, of Enniskillen, merchant, and had 
been connected with the bank for six years. During 
that period he had endeared himself to all with whom he 
was associated by the amiability of his disposition, and 
the uprightness of his character, and had gained the re- 
spect and esteem of the directors and officers of the bank. 
This tablet has been erected by them in testimony of 
their high appreciation of his worth, and their sorrow for 
his early death. 'Be ye therefore ready also, for the 
Son of Man cometh in an hour when ye think not.' 
(Luke, 12 chapter, 40th verse.)" 

Note Y. Page 59. 

General CoMs Honours inscribed on Brass Plate, 

"This pillar is erected by his friends and fellow- 
countrymen, in memory of General the Hon^^®- Sir G. 
Lowry Cole, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the 


Bath, Knight of the Portuguese Order of the Tower 
and Sword, and of the Turkish Order of the Crescent. 
Colonel of the 27 th Inniskilling Regiment of Foot. 
General commanding the 4th Division of the British 
Army throughout the Peninsular War. Governor of 
Gravesend and Tilbury Fort. M.P. in the Irish House 
of Commons for the Borough of Enniskillen, from 1798 
to 1800 ; and in the Imperial Parliament, for the County 
of Fermanagh, from 1803 to 1823. He twice received 
the thanks of both Houses of Parliament for his distin- 
guished military services. Born, May I St, 1772. Died, 
October 4th, 1842. The statue is the contribution of 
the tenantry of the Enniskillen estates." 

Note Z. Page 65. 

Inscriptions upon Tombstones in EnniskiUe7i Churchyard 
and Cemetery, 

The following list contains those of earliest date : — 

Here lieth the Body of Richard Crook e, who departed 
the 3 day of Feb., anno. 1687. His age 56. 

Here lyeth the Body of Elizabeth Jones, who departed 
the 4 day May, 17 14. 

Here lyeth the body of John Crozier, who departed 
this life, October the 24, in the 67 year of his age, 1717. 

Here lyeth the Body of Mary Roberts, wife to William 
Roberts, who departed this life, March the 19, ano. 1720, 
aged 64, 

NOTES. 129 

Here lyeth the Body of John Boyd, who departed this 
life, April the 22, 1724, aged 19 years. 

Here lyeth the body of Magrat Gallogly, alias Caldwell, 
who departed this life, November 20th, 1726, aged 35. 

The foregoing are cut in raised capital letters. 

Here lieth y^ body of Stephen Price, who departed 
this life, Sep^ y^ 12th, 1733, aged 72 years. 

Here lyeth interr'd the Body of the Rev. Mr. Andrew 
Mitchell, late Rector of Enniskillen, who departed this 
life the 8th day of Jan^., 1742, in the 8ist year of his 

These last two have sunk letters, and not all capitals. 

Inscriptions expressing the personal piety or social worth of 
the departed. 

Here lieth the Body of the Rev. Gustavus Armstrong, 
who departed this life, March the 25th, a.d. 1832, aged 
74 years. He was for more than forty years a useful 
Preacher of the Gospel. " They that be wise shall shine 
as the brightness of the firmament, and they that turn 
many to righteousness, as the stars for ever and ever." 
Daniel xii. 3. 

Sacred to the memory of the Rev*^. Charles Lucas Bell, 
who departed this life, ist July, 1799, aged 48 years. 
"'0/ oX/70/ rwv av^/JfiO'Twv xara roi/ /j/xere^oi/ a/wva rocaurj] 




Margaret Bell, his wife, departed this life, 6th Decf., 
1817, aged 60 years. 

TCC? apsTccg ccvr^? cravT-o/as" s'Tn r^jj yi^g ^TjXwffa/ xaraXsXo/TE." 

Mrs. Mary Denham, wife of the Rev. J. Denham, died 
the 24 March, 1793. Alas ! she possessed great worth ! 
O, Quam molliter ossa quiescant. 

On a stone, cut in the sha^pe of a coffin, are the words : — 

To commemorate the remains of Frances Penelope 
Beake, who died, March 25th, 1812, aged 20, And also 
on the following day her infant daughter. Finis. 

O71 a cradle-for7?ted sarcophagus {of Fortla?id stone), near 
the street^ is inscribed o?i one side : — 

Here lieth the Body of Marianne Emily Brooke, who 
died in infancy, at Castlecoole, January 17, 181 5. 

On the opposite side are the lines : — 

" Death viewed the treasure to the desert given, 
Plucked the fair flower, and planted it in Heaven." 


This lovely bud, so young and fair, 
Call'd hence by early doom, 

First came to show how sweet a flower 
In Paradise would bloom. 

Died, November 7th, 1823, aged 16 months. 

NOTES. 131 

Sacred to the memory of Frances Jane, eldest daughter 
of Liddle and Eliza Baxter, who departed this life, Janu- 
ary the 5th, 1835, aged 21 years. *'She hath come up, 
and is cut down like a flower. But her hope in God shall 
not be disappointed." " Blessed are the dead which die 
in the Lord." 

Erected to the memory of Robert Crawford, Esq'^^, 
Att^^., by his father, Robert Crawford, of this town, as 
a tribute of affection due to his virtues, and the many 
amiable qualities he possessed as a son and brother, who 
departed this life, May 25th, 181 8, aged 22 years. 

In sure and certain hope of a Resurrection to Eternal 
Life, through the Mercy of God, by Jesus Christ, rests 
the mortal part of Elizabeth Copeland, daughter of the 
late Mr. William Harper, of Drumlamey, in the County 
of Cavan, who died at Toucan, the 9th day of January, 
1828, in the 37th year of her age. "She opened her 
mouth with wisdom, and in her tongue was the law of 
kindness." Proverbs xxxi'*. 26*^ 

Erected to the memory of James Cauthers of Waterin- 
nerry, who departed this life, April nth, 1845, aged 60 
years. Also Margaret, his wife, who died, December 
27th, 1854, aged 70 years. "Blessed are the dead who 
die in the Lord." Erected by their son, James Cauthers, 
of New York, America. 

Erected by Mary Crooke, in memory of her beloved 
husband, Thomas Crooke, who departed this life, August 


2ist, 1858, aged 42 years. His favourite motto was, 
" A sinner saved by grace." 

"The memory of the just is blessed." Prov. loth 
and 7 th. 

Also, in memory of the above Mary Crooke, who de- 
parted this life, December i8th, 1870, aged 40 years. 
And also, Elizabeth Crooke, fifth daughter, who departed 
this life, loth April, 1869. aged 13 years. "God is love." 

Erected to the memory of Henry Edmonson, of Ennis- 

killen, who departed this life, FeV 23^^^, 1830, aged 58 

" I know that my Redeemer liveth." ' In this identic 
body, I, with eyes of flesh refined, restored, shall see that 
self-same Saviour nigh, see for myself my smiling Lord.' 
Erected by his daughter, Letitia Cauthers, New York, 

Sacred to the memory of Henry Echlin, son of Daniel 
Moore Echlin, of Fitzwilliam Square, Dublin. Died, 
December i6th, 1862, aged 64 years. " There remaineth 
a rest for the people of God." Also to the memory of 
Charles Henry Echlin, son of the Rev. Charles Moore 
Echlin, Vicar of Killinagh, Co. Cavan, and grandson of 
the above Daniel Moore Echlin. Died, 15th September, 
1870, aged 33 years. "God is Love.' 


Sacred to the memory of Margaret, fourth daughter of 
William and Catherine Gordon, who departed this life, 
i8th October, 1870, aged 16 years. "Blessed are the 
dead which die in the Lord." 



Here lieth the Body of Mr. Lult^. Hudson, who de- 
parted this Hfe, Jan^ the 17th, 1781, aged 81 years. In 
him Society lost a member of unblemished character, 
The Poor a certain Refuge in Distress. 

Also, the Body of Sir Walter Hudson, Knt., one of 
the Burgesses of the Corporation of Enniskillen, who 
died, October 16, 1802, aged 71 years. 

Sacred to the Memory of Alexander Hudson, Esq., 
who departed this life on the 28th day of May, 1837, 
aged 58 years. 

" Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord." Rev. 
xiv. 13. 

Also, to the memory of Frances Hudson, his wife, who 
departed this life on the i6th day of April, 1868, aged 
74 years. " Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord." 
Rev. xiv. 13. 

Underneath are placed the remains of Mary, the be- 
loved wife of the Rev. Thomas Jordan, and youngest 
daughter of Alexander Hudson, Esq., J.P., deeply re- 
gretted by all who knew her. She died in the full 
assurance of hope, on the 26th of April, i860, aged 26 
years. " Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see 

Here lieth the body of Elizabeth Kelly, alias Queade, 
who departed this life, November the 24th, 1824, aged 
44 years. This stone was erected by her husband, John 
Kelly, of Enniskillen, as he deemed it to be the last act 
of gratitude and affection which he could pay to the 
memory, abilities, and virtues of his beloved wife. 


Robert, son of James King, Esq., born, August 8th, 
died, November 26th, 1868. "Of such is the kingdom 
of God." 

Erected by W. Livingston to the memory of his beloved 
wife, Rebecca, who fell asleep in Jesus, 12th January, 
187 1. "Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord." 
Rev. xiv. 13. 

Sacred to the memory of Josephine, the beloved 
daughter of Richard and Eliza Jane Louch, bom, 5th 
January, 1867, died, ist October, 1867. 

" Of such is the Kingdom of Heaven." 

Sacred to the Memory of Martha Jane, eldest daughter 
of Mr. John Carrenduff and dearly beloved wife of Color- 
Sergeant Samuel Lockyer, 34th Regiment, who departed 
this life on the 8th of August, 1875, aged 22 years. 
" Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord." 

Underneath lie the remains of John M'Mullen, who 
died, February the 8th, 18 10, aged 84 years. This monu- 
ment was erected by his Nephew, WilHam M 'Mullen, 
as a Tribute of Gratitude and Esteem to his Uncle's 
memory and virtues. Also, The remains of his Wife, 
Anne M'Mullen, who died, February the 8th, 1829, aged 
88 years. 

* ' And if to all her worth were known, 
That worth would never find a tomb." 

NOTES. 135 

Underneath lies the body of the Rev. Thomas Nesbitt, 
Wesleyan Minister, who departed this life in the full 
triumph of a living faith, June 13th, 1832, aged 23 years. 
His favourite Motto was, 'A sinner saved by grace.' 
Also, of his Father, the Rev. John Nesbitt, Wesleyan 
Minister, who departed this life, January i8th, 1858, aged 
82 years. And near this spot repose the remains of his 
Mother, Margaret Nesbitt, who fell asleep in Jesus, May 
9tli, 1861, aged 75 years. "The memory of the just is 

Underneath lies the Body of Joseph Whitley, who de 
parted this life in great peace, through an humble but 
firm confidence in the all-atoning merits of our Lord 
Jesus Christ, the 7th July, 1847, ^-ged 65 years. Also, 
his wife, Hannah Whitley, who departed this life, trust- 
ing in the all-atoning merits of her Redeemer, December 
3rst, 1855, aged 63 years. 

On a four-sided granite column, are the following records, 
co7inected luith the Gallogly family. 

In this burial-ground were deposited the mortal re- 
mains of George Gallogly, who died, January, 1824, aged 
59; and of his wife, Jane, who died, November, 1839, 
aged 76. Also of their daughter, Margaret, wife of 
Charles Wilson, of the County of Cavan, who died, 
October 8th, 1827, in the 29th year of her age. This 
monument is erected to their memory by the only 
daughter of the above-named Margaret Wilson. 


Upon the south side of the large sarcophagus monument^ 
railed in, near the north-east corner of the church, is the 
following inscription : — 

Sacred to the Memory of William Stewart, Esq., who 
died on the 20th of August, 1813, aged 72 years. 

And to the memory of his wives, Catherine Starret, 
Anne Hassard, and Eliza Wade; and of his children, 
William, Richard, Jason, Catherine, and Jane. 

The following are tributes ofesteetn by surviving friends : — 

Erected by the Presbyterian Congregation of Ennis- 
killen, in memory of their late much beloved Minister, 
the Rev. Thomas Berkeley, who died the 8th day of 
December, 1836, in the ninth month of his Ministry, 
aged 23 years. 

Sacred to the Memory of Robert Bell, aged 23 years, 
John Davis, aged 26 years, and John Starbrook, aged 23 
years. Privates 2nd Battn. XIX. Regiment, who were 
drowned in Lough Erne, on the 28th February, 1863. 
This stone is placed over their Grave by the Officers, 
Non-Commissioned Officers, and Privates of the 2nd 
Battn. XIX. Regiment, stationed at Enniskillen, as a 
Memorial of fond esteem, and deep-felt sorrow for their 
untimely end. 

" In the midst of life we are in death." 

Sacred to the Memory of the Rev. Richard P. Cleary, 
A.M., a laborious Curate of this Parish for 19 years, 
who departed this life, 9th February, 1845, aged 56 

NOTES. 137 

A few friends who valued hi?n while living, a?id lament 
his death, have erected this tomb over his re?nains to record 
their affection and his worth. 

Erected by I. Company, 1st Battn. 17th Regiment, in 
memory of Private David Craven, aged 28 years, of the 
above Company, who died at Enniskillen, on the i6th 
January, 1869. 

Erected by the Members of Orange Lodge 4^5, in 
memory of their Master, Peter Duff, who died 28th 
March, 1840, much regretted, aged 40 years. 

Sacred to the memory of William Elliott, who departed 
this life the 24th of June, 1846, aged 27 years. And of 
Osborne Elliott, who was accidently drowned on the 
27th August, 1847, aged 22 years. Erected by the 
M'Kinley Orange Lodge, No. 1539, as a mark of their 
sincere respect for their deceased Brethren. 

John James Fawcett, Assistant Surgeon, 62nd Regi- 
ment, departed this life, 29th May, 1827, aged 34 years. 
This stone is erected to his memory by his Brother Offi- 
cers, in testimony of their esteem and regard. 

In memory of Sergeant-Major John Fassindge, 91st 
Highlanders, who died at Enniskillen, on the i6th July, 
1876, aged 37 years. Erected by the Officers, Non- 
commissioned Officers, and Men of the Regiment, as a 
mark of Esteem and Respect. 


Erected as a Testimony of esteem by the Aughrim 
Orange Lodge, No. 890, to the Memory of the Rev. 
Henry Gray, who died sincerely regretted, June 19, 
181 1, in the 37th year of his age. 

Erected by the Officers & Men of his Company, in 
memory of Private Robert Gibson, of the 26th or Came- 
ronian Regiment, who was drowned whilst bathing in the 
Lake, on the 15th of June, 1846, aged 24 years; native 
of Gratney Green in Scotland. 

Robert Keddle, Lieut. 50th Regiment, departed this 
life, 30th June, 18 15, aged 28 years. 

His death was occasioned by a wound received in 
action with the French, on the 13th Dec'"., 18 13, at 
St. Pierre, near Bayonne. This Stone was erected by 
his Brother Officers, to perpetuate the memory of a gal- 
lant soldier. 

This Tomb is erected to the memory of Constable 
Thomas Leahy, by the Officers, Head, and other Con- 
stables of the Fermanagh Constabulary, as a memorial of 
esteem and respect for one who for a period of ten years 
discharged with diligence and fidelity the duty of Clerk 
to the County Inspector of Constabulary. He departed 
this life, deeply and deservedly regretted by all who 
knew him, the 2nd day of June, 1847, aged 29 years. 

Erected as a Tribute of affection by the Children of 
Church Sunday School and other Friends, in memory of 

NOTES. 139 

William Lunny, an Orphan Apprentice, who was drowned 
in Lough Erne, i8th August, 1866, aged 15 years. 

Sacred to the memory of the late Serjeant James 
Martin, 27th Inniskilling Reg*., who died at Omagh, on 
the 28th March, 1852, aged 23 years. This Stone was 
erected by the Orangemen of the 27th Inniskillings, as a 
Tribute of respect. 

Sacred to the Memory of William, the beloved son of 
Serg*.-Major Oates, who, in the blessed hope of a joyful 
Resurrection, fell asleep in Jesus, 7 Dec""., 1854, aged 30 
years. This monument was erected by the Pensioners 
of the Enniskillen District, as a testimony of their affec- 

Sacred to the Memory of John Horsenden Peake, 
Esq''®., Lieut. 59 Regiment, who departed this life on the 
10 of April, 1833, aged 35 years, deeply regretted by his 
Brother Officers and Friends, to whom his many estim- 
able qualities had endeared him. 

On the north side of the river, near the East Bridge, are 
the grounds of the Convent of the Sisters of Mercy, the 
schoolhouse of ' the Christian Brothers/ and the Roman 
Catholic Cemetery, opened a few years ago. In the latter 
is a handsome monument, having a granite pedestal, on 
which stands a stone figure of " the Virgin and Child." 
This statue is covered by a granite canopy, having four 
semicircular openings, supported by pilasters, and sur- 
mounted by a Gothic cross. In each side of the square of 
the pedestal is placed a marble slab, having inscribed— On 


the north side, the text, " ' Blessed are the dead who die in 
the Lord from henceforth now, saith the Spirit, that they 
may rest from their labours, for their works follow them.' 
Apocalypse, xiv. chap. 13. ver;" then follows a request, 
to " pray for the soul of James Summerville, jun.," who 
died, 27th January, 1863, aged 32 years." On the south 
side may be read, '"For if we believe that Jesus died and 
rose again, even so them who have slept through Jesus 
will God bring with him.' i Thess. iv. ch., 13 v." Then, 
Pater and Ave are asked for the soul of Mary Summer- 
ville, who died, 9 March, 1849, aged 20 years; and for 
Ellen Summerville, who died, 6 June, 1854, aged 22 
years. On the east side is engraven, " ' When this 
mortal hath put on immortality, then shall come to pass 
the saying that is written. Death is swallowed in vic- 
tory. O death, where is thy victory ? O death, where 
is thy sting?' i Cor. xv. chap., 54-55th ver." This is 
followed by a prayer to the Virgin for the soul of Anne, 
eldest daughter of James and Elizabeth Summerville, 
who died in Dec. 1842, aged 16 years. Upon the west 
side are the words of Jesus, " 'I am the resurrection and 
the life ; he that believeth in me, although he be dead, 
shall live.' John, xi. chap., 25 ver. ;" followed by the 
prayer, " O Lord, have mercy on the soul of James Sum- 
merville, who was born a.d. iSoi, and died on the loth 
Nov. 1834, aged ^^ years." " This monument has been 
erected by his affectionate widow, Elizabeth Summerville 
to the memory of her beloved husband and children." 

^' May they rest in peace. ^^ 

Many other memorials bear record ifi the conwion form 
of words, concerning those who, in their day and genera- 
tion, lived in Christian faith and hope, and falling asleep 


in Jesus, rest in peace, till the voice of the archangel 
and the trump of God, shall wake Christ's slumbering 

Ere yet " the firmamental heavens themselves 
Be kindled, and the primal elements 
Dissolve %vith heat, and one vast sea of fire, 
(Its waves darting their hungry tongues aloft), 
Baptize the unregen'rate Earth in flame." 

—2 Pet. iii. 7. 

Note A A. Page 67. 
Parochial Rensters. 


As illustrations of singular customs, interesting facts, 
and obsolete modes of spelling, some extracts are selected 
from an article in The Peoples Magazine, 187 1) on this 

An old register in Huntingdonshire begins thus : — 
'■ Chylderne kyrsened in the 37th yere of oure Souffer- 
ande Lord Kyng Harrie 8^^.' Another bears the title, 
'The Regester Boke, made the xxv day of March A° 
Ehzab. xxij,' which opens with a loyal prayer for Her 
Majesty, including a rather unsuitable petition, ' y* she 
may long contenew a Mother in Israel.' 

Among entries of Baptisms are, ' Stratford-on-Avon, 
1564, April 26. Gulielmus, filius Johannis Shakspere, 
and 'All-hallows, Bread S*-, London, 1608, John, sonne 
of John Mylton, Scrivener, bapt. 20 Dec' 

In the Register of Boughton, Monchelsea, Kent, a 
very rare specimen records espousals, ' 1633, sponsalia 
inter Gulielm' Maddox et EHzabeth Grimestone in de- 
bita Juris forma transacta, 10 die Januarii.' Their mar- 
riage was solemnized in the same church three years 


Who can read without much feeling an entry in the 
Burial Register of Richmond, Yorkshire ? — '1558, 9 Sep. 
Bur. Richard Snell, b'rnt.' This happened two months 
before Queen Mary's death, 17th November, 1558. In 
that of Holy Island, is to be found this singular notice 
of a burial, ' 169 1, July 16. William Cleugh bewitched 
to death.' 

Two remarkable entries occur in Baptismal Registers 
— one at St. Peter's-in-the-East, Oxford, ' 1561, June 30. 
The Chylde of God, filius Ric. Stacey ' — meaning a babe 
which died immediately after being baptized ; — the other 
in Westminster Abbey, '1687, Dec. 22. The Princess 
Ann's child, a chrissome ; ' i.e., a child who, after bap- 
tism, died before its mother was churched, and was 
buried (by way of shroud) in a chrisom, or white vesture, 
which used to be put on for the ceremony of baptism, 
as a token of innocency. Wheatly (£00 k of Com??ion 
Prayer) remarks that, through the ignorance of parish 
clerks and those who made the report of the death for the 
weekly bills of mortality, the word ' chrisom,' is put for a 
child that dies before baptism, and so, having not claim 
to Christian burial. In the instance here recorded, this 
was likely to be the case, and consequently the name of 
the infant is omitted. 

In some old registers the minutes of proceedings at 
Easter and special vestry meetings are introduced ; and 
sometimes the churchwardens' accounts appear amidst 
baptisms, marriages, and burials, which are mixed up to- 
gether, the entries occurring in the order of date, accord- 
ing as the ceremony took place. 

From the accounts of churchwardens in Inishkeene 
parish it would .seem, by the charges for elements, that at 
the latter end of the seventeenth century (1672 and 1674), 



the Holy Communion was administered only at festivals, 
Good Friday, and Michaelmas. 

Under date of 7th May, 1704, the following entry 
appears :—'•' Philip Howe, having been elected C. W., 
presented a memorial to the bishop, stating that he was 
* very poor — in fact not worth ten shillings in the world 
— and consequently unfit to serve in the office ' — where- 
upon he was removed, and another chosen in his room." 

At a vestry meeting, nth April, 1710, it was agreed 
that Captain Robert Clarke and Lieutenant John Moore 
should have the ground between the chancel and the 
wall on which to build a seat for their families. Also, 
many other respectable parishioners were allowed to 
have seats (there described)^ e.g., Colonel Corry, Captain 
William Browning, Paul Dane, &c., «S:c. To which is 
added the " mem," ' John Cole, Esq., made good his 
father's title for the two seats adjoining the minister's. 
To this minute are appended the signatures of * Andrew 
Mitchell, rector ;/ ' Paul Dane, Jno. Cole, Robert Clarke, 
and Allan Cathcart.' 

At a vestry held, " 12th July, 17 15, five pounds were 
applotted for two surplices for the ministers, ;£2> fc)r 
glazing, shingling, and necessary repairs of church ; ^1 
for church poor." At Easter Vestry, 14th April, 1718, 
it was enacted, " that the ploughlands of Moninoe, big 
Drumclea, Rakeelan, Drumgea, the two Woghternerys 
Brehoo, Relagh, and Crossnalave should draw stones, 
for 60 yards forward, each plough, nine feet wide, on the 
road, from the Commons of Inniskillin, and towards 
Monino and the far mill" Again, on loth April, 17 21, 
repairs of roads, *' by the six days' work," were ordered 
to be made, pursuant to the Act of Parliament. At 
vestry held, 4th April, 1727, Margetson Armar, of Castle 


Coole, Esq., was elected " Overseer of the road leading 
from Enniskilling to Clabby and the Verge." 

The Rev. Gustavus Hamilton, curate (son of the Go- 
vernor in 1689), was chairman of this vestry. 

Note BB. Page 71. 

T/ie Timber Ad, 10 Wnu III. cap, 12 (1698), 

Was passed for the purpose of securing the planting and 
preserving of forest trees and woods in Ireland, and en- 
acted, 'that from 25th March, 1703, for 31 years, there 
should be planted yearly, ten plants of four years' 
growth, or more, so that 260,600 trees might be planted 
yearly throughout Ireland.' By section 3, ' Bodies cor- 
porate, seized of lands of inheritance, &c., were to plant 
their proportion of these' 260,600 trees of oak, elm, or 
fir, yearly, for the term of 31 years, from 1703. Sec. 4 
enacted that the proportion of said number of trees for 
Fermanagh (among the other counties of Ireland) should 
be 4,550; the grand jurors being required to apportion 
the number to each barony and each parish therein, to 
be adjusted at a vestry to be held for the purpose. 

Note CC Page 72. 

Eminent men forf?ierly connected with the Parish, Borough, 
and Royal School of Enniskillen, 

1498. Charles (Cathal) Maguire, a native of the 
county of Fermanagh, Parson of Inishkeene, Canon of 
Armagh Cathedral, and Dean of Clogher, was an emi- 
nent divine, philosopher, and historian. As the latter, 
he wrote 'Annales Hiberniae usq. ad sua Tempora.' 

NOTES. 145 

They are often called ' Annales Senatenses,' from a place 
called Senat, in Irish ' Seanadh/ (now Belle Isle), in 
the Co. Fermanagh, where the author wrote them, and 
oftener " Annales Ultonienses " (Annals of Ulster), be- 
cause they are chiefly taken up in relating the affairs of 
that province. They begin a.d. 444, and are carried 
down by the author to his death (1498) ; but they were 
afterwards continued by Roderick Cassidy (Archdeacon 
of Clogher), to the year 1541. Our author wrote also a 
book entitled " ^Engusius Auctus, or the Martyrology of 
^ngus " enlarged, wherein, from Marianus, Gorman, and 
other writers, he adds such saints as are not to be met 
with in the composition of ^ngus. He died on the 23rd 
March, 1498, in the 60th year of his age. There is also 
ascribed to him " Scholia, or Annotations on the Registry 
of Clogher." — Ware's Writers of Ireland. Vol. III. 

Charles Leslie, son of Dr. John Leslie, Bishop of 
Clogher, was educated in grammar learning at Innis- 
killen School, County Fermanagh, whence he was ad- 
mitted a Fellow-Commoner in the College of Dublin, 
1664, and there continued till he took his A.M. degree. 
In 1680 he entered into Holy Orders, and became Chan- 
cellor of Connor Cathedral, 1687. He was celebrated 
as a learned writer on controversy, and distinguished 
himself greatly in accepting the challenge of the titular 
Bishop of Clogher, whom James II. appointed on the 
vacancy occasioned by the death of Dr. Roger Boyle, in 
1687. Dr. Leshe performed the task of this disputation 
to the satisfaction of Protestants and the indignation and 
confusion of the opposite party. During his life he 
made several converts from Popery and other heresies ; 
but on the Revolution, from conviction, refused to take 
the oaths to King William and Queen Mary, for which 



he was deprived of his preferments. He was esteemed 
the man of greatest abiUty among the Nonjurors, and 
died in March, 17 21, at his house at Glasslough, in the 
County Monaghan (the residence of the present repre- 
sentative of this distinguished family. Sir John LesUe, 
Bart., M.P. for that county). His "Short and Easy 
Method with the Deists,^' " The Truth of Christianity 
Demonstrated," " Short and Easy Method with the Jews, 
or Certainty of the Christian ReUgion," '•' Snake in the 
Grass" (and several pamphlets in refutation of replies to 
same), against Quakerism ; " The Socinian Controversy," 
discussed in different publications, and " The Case Stated 
between the Church of Rome and Church of England," 
are all standard works to the present day on the several 
subjects on which he wrote. The number of his publi- 
cations, chiefly controversial, amounts to nearly thirty 
in all. 

GusTAVus Hamilton, of Monea Castle, chosen by the 
Enniskillen men as Governor of their town (December, 
1688), was a J.P. for the County Fermanagh. "His 
father, Lodowic (Louis), was brother to Lord Glenawley, 
and fifth son of the Most Rev. Malcolm Hamilton, 
Archbishop of Cashel. They had both been colonels 
under Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden, and were 
raised to the dignity of Nobles in that kingdom. Lord 
Louis (Baron Hamilton de Deserf) married his lady 
(mother of the Governor) in Sweden, who is said to have 
been related to the Crowns of Denmark and Sweden ; 
but being desirous of living in his native country, near 
his elder brother. Lord Glenawley, he was unfortunately 
killed at sea while returning to Ireland, leaving Gustavus 
and a younger son behind him. The former had been 
cornet of a troop of horse, belonging to his uncle, Glen- 

NOTES. 147 

awley, but which was disbanded by James's Lord Lieu- 
tenant, Earl Tyrconnell, when the Protestant officers 
were turned out of the army in Ireland, and after that he 
lived constantly at home on his own private estate," at 
Monea, in the County Fermanagh, previous to his being 
elected for the defence of Enniskillen. — Actions of the 
Enniskillen Men. 

By a letter I received, in November, 1863, from his 
lineal descendant, Gustavus Hamilton, Esq. (London), 
it appears that the Governor died at Monea, about the 
year 1691, leaving his widow, with five young children. 
In September, 1697, she presented a memorial to the 
(Irish) House of Commons, setting forth her late hus- 
band's great losses, occasioned by taking up arms in de- 
fence of the Protestant religion and cause of King Wil- 
liam, and was thereupon awarded the sum of six hun- 
dred pounds. 

The gallant Governor of Enniskillen is frequently con- 
founded with his namesake, Gustavus Hamilton (after- 
wards created Baron Hamilton and Viscount Boyne), 
who was youngest son of Sir Frederick Hamilton, fifth 
son of Claude, First Lord Paisley, who was made Go- 
vernor of Ulster. He distinguished himself on the side 
of William, Prince of Orange, in the neighbourhood of 
Derry and Coleraine ; was at the Boyne, where his horse 
was shot under him \ and was at the taking of Athlone 
(169 1 ), of which he was made the Governor. This 
Gustavus Hamilton married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir 
Henry Brooke, of Brookeboro', and died in 1723, aged 
eighty-four years. In a note, "Actions of the Ennis: 
killen Men," he bears the rank of major and (along with 
Colonel Lundy) was elected by the Protestant inhabit- 
ants of the North East counties to be Commander-in- 


Chief for Derry, Donegal, and Tyrone, and raised six 
regiments, two of them called Enniskilleners. 

The Right Hon. Wm. Conyngham Plunket, Lord 
*^hancellor of Ireland, born at Enniskillen, 1st July, 1764^ 
A^as youngest son of the Rev. Robert Plunket, for twenty 
years a laborious and eloquent minister of the Scots' 
church there, who died, in 1778, as minister of Strand- 
street Chapel, in the city of Dublin, where his widow, 
with two daughters, and her fourth son, William C., a 
schoolboy, fourteen years old, continued to reside. In 
1779, along with another pupil from the Rev. Lewis Kerr's 
school (Barry Yelverton, afterwards the celebrated Lord 
Avonmore), he entered the University of Dublin, taking a 
high place at the Entrance Examinations. In 1782 he was 
admitted into the Historical Society of Trinity College, 
and became the associate of many who became distin- 
guished men in after years. Among these were Charles 
Kendal Bushe, afterwards Lord Chief Justice of Ireland ; 
William Magee, afterwards Archbishop of Dublin ; Peter 
Burrowes, George Miller, Sir Laurence Parsons, Theo- 
bald Wolfe Tone, and Thomas Addis Emmet. From 
the University, Mr. Plunket entered Lincoln's Inn, and 
was called to the Irish Bar in 1787, being raised to the 
rank of King's Counsel, 1798, and in same year be- 
came member for the borough of Charlemont, in the Irish 
House of Commons. In 181 2 he was returned as mem- 
ber for Trinity College to the Imperial Parliament, and 
was soon acknowledged to be the. first, or one of the 
foremost, among the orators of the Lower House. Hav- 
ing been made Master of the Rolls in England, owing to 
professional jealousy of the English Bar, he was obliged 
to resign the office, and was shortly afterwards raised to 
the Chief Justiceship of the Common Pleas in Ireland, 

NOTES. 149 

and thereupon created an English Peer. In 1830, ele- 
vated to the high office of Lord Chancellor of Ireland, 
he held it (except for a few months) until 1841, when he 
retired from public life, and died in 1854, in the 90th 
year of his age. — Life, &c., by Hon. David Plunket. 

" The eloquence of Lord Plunket is his best title to 
fame. It was remarkable for a felicitous exposition of 
principles not too recondite for the general hearer, and 
yet broad, deep, and comprehensive ; for close, rapid, 
and vigorous reasoning, for perspicuous and well-arranged 
narrative, and for a diction — chaste, severe, and idioma- 
tic — very rarely adorned with metaphor or antithesis, yet 
occasionally enriched with the most admirable illustra- 
tions, and frequently enlivened with a caustic and power- 
ful satire. If it was wanting in anything it was in pas- 
sion ; unlike that of Mr. Fox, it never subdued \k\& hearer, 
but it convinced him, by a mingled display of argument, 
exposition, and irony, scarcely equalled, even in the age 
of Brougham, Canning, and Lyndhurst." — Ency. Britt. 
Vol. 18. 

The noble passage, which for many years was turned 
into a standing jest against Plunket, as though he had 
said that ' history was no better than an old almanac,' is 
worthy to be remembered, and the intelligent reader will 
acknowledge that truer philosophy was never presented 
by a poet in a finer figure, nor clothed by an orator in 
more fitting words : — 

" Time — as has been said by the wisest of men, and 
the most sagacious observer of its effects — is the greatest 
innovator of all. While man would sleep or stop in his 
career, the course of time is rapidly changing the as- 
pect of all human affairs. It is the province of human 
wisdom to wait upon the wings of time ; not with the 


vain hope of arresting his progress, but to watch his 
course ; to adapt institutions to new circumstances as 
they arise, and to make their form reflect the varying 
aspect of events. Unless we do this, of what value is it 
to go back to former periods ? Unless we draw lessons 
of wisdom from the facts which we recall, experience 
will become a swindler, who thrusts upon us old coinage 
at a value which it has long since lost ; our knowledge 
will dwindle into pedantry, our prudence into dotage, and 
history itself will be no better than an old almanac." 

The Most Rev. William Magee, D.D., the learned 
Archbishop of Dublin, was born in Enniskillen the i8th 
March, 1766. He was the son of John, the second son 
of Mr. William Magee, who possessed some landed pro- 
perty near that town, in County Fermanagh. The house 
where Dr. Magee's parents resided, and where he was 
born, was next that in which the birth of William C. Plun- 
ket (the future Lord Chancellor) took place. So early 
did that connection commence, which, with the first 
dawn of reason, produced a friendship growing with their 
years, and in their maturer age strong almost beyond 
example. Having entered the Royal School of Ennis- 
killen (then under the mastership of the Rev. Dr. Mark 
Noble), and receiving aid from his maternal uncle, the 
Rev. Dr. Viridet, he was admitted into the University of 
Dublin, in June, 1781. He took the degree of A.B. 
with the highest distinction, October, 1785, and within 
three years afterwards obtained a Fellowship. In iSoi 
he published his celebrated " Discourses on the Atone- 
ment," by which he added greatly to his reputation. 
Not long after, he became Senior Fellow and Professor 
of Mathematics, and in 18 13 was promoted to the 
Deanery of Cork. Consecrated as Bishop of Raphoe 

NOTES. 151 

(18 1 9), he was translated thence in 1822 to the Archi- 
episcopal See of DubHn, over which he presided with 
much credit to himself and advantage to the Church, 
until his death on the i8th August, 183 1. {Memoir of his 
Life^ by Dr. Kearney, F.T.C.D.) The Ch7'istian Exarniner 
(1831), in a biographical sketch of this eminent divine, 
pronounces this eulogy upon him : — '' During the eight 
years that he governed the See of Dublin, it may be truly 
said that, as president of the numerous metropolitan cha- 
ritable boards, as Visitor of the University, as Archbishop, 
superintending his Province, as Bishop, regulating his 
diocese, his powerful and decisive mind exerted itself 
with the very best results." "Active himself, he delighted 
to see activity in others ; a working clergyman was his 
delight, and a working clergy he was determined to rule, 
and pious and painstaking ministers always found that 
the good they were bringing about in their respective 
parishes was known, and duly appreciated by their watch- 
ful overseer." "That Dr. Magee was a man of great 
talents and learning, even his enemies (and he had many) 
will allow ; that he was active, vigorous, and altogether 
fearless in the discharge of his great duties, all must 

The Rev. Henry Francis Lyte, born at Ednam, 
near Kelso (Scotland), ist June, 1793, was, when nine 
years old, placed under the charge of the late Dean 
Burrowes, at the Royal School of Enniskillen, from 
which he entered the University of Dublin, and having 
obtained a Scholarship in 18 13, took his A.B. degree the 
following year. Having been admitted to Holy Orders, 
he was a curate for a short period in the County Wex- 
ford, but removed to England, to the curacy of Charlton, 
South Devonshire. In r823 he was appointed incum- 


bent of Lower Brixham, in the same county, which 
living he retained until his lamented death at Nice, in 
1847. His literary remains consist chiefly of sacred 
poetry, and he will be ever fondly remembered as the 
author of the popular hymns, " Abide with me, fast falls 
the eventide*; " " Far from my heavenly home," " Praise, 
my soul, the King of Heaven," and many others. He 
published during life a volume in verse, called " Tales 
on the Lord's Prayer," "The Spirit of the Psalms," 
and " Poems, chiefly Religious." His " Miscellaneous 
Poems " were published since his death, and the book 
has had a very extensive circulation. 

The ' Remains of the late H. F. Lyte,' with a brief 
prefatory memoir, edited by his daughter, Mrs. Hogg, 
appeared a few years after his decease. 

The Right Hon. James Whiteside, Lord Chief 
Justice of Ireland, as another eminent person of whom 
Enniskilleners are proud, claims recognition here, in 
connection with the borough of Enniskillen, as one of 
its most distinguished representatives. His death took 
place at Brighton, on the 25th November, 1876, to the 
great grief of Irishmen of every class and creed, by 
whose removal the country lost a warm-hearted and 
faithful son. " The Lord Chief Justice was a thorough 
Irishman, proud of Ireland, ever ready to defend her 
when unjustly assailed, hopeful for her future, and one 
of the foremost of those who helped, during the genera- 
tion of men fast passing away, to mould that future, in 
certain directions, wisely." — Eve?iifig Mail, 27th Nov., 

The newspapers of the day vied with each other in 
pouring forth encomiums on his powers as an orator, both 
at the Bar and in the Senate. From the date of his 

NOTES. 153 

defence of Daniel O'Connell (which was considered, at the 
time, one of the most powerful appeals ever addressed 
to a jury, and must be recorded amongst the noblest 
efforts of forensic eloquence), " he was engaged in almost 
all the serious cases that arose, and was vigilant and ver- 
satile to an astonishing degree." On his appearance in 
the House of Commons immediately after his most bril- 
liant address for ^Miss Longworth, the plaintiff in the 
celebrated * Yelverton Case,' he received the unpre- 
cedented compliment of the whole House rising up to 
hail with enthusiastic cheering its Irish orator, fresh from 
the popular ovations conferred on him in the Irish capital. 
He sat as M.P. for Enniskillen from April, 185 1, to Feb- 
ruary, 1859, and during the next seven years represented 
the University of Dublin, " serving his country in this 
capacity longer than any other lawyer who subsequently 
received promotion to the Bench. During this stormy 
period (of fifteen years) he was in himself an Irish force 
dreaded by Revolutionaries." As a Judge, he was emi- 
nently constitutional, and in the recent remarkable trials 
of Father O'Keeffe, " took up and, with great spirit, de- 
fended a position which, unfortunately, has not been 
submitted to the supreme tribunal for its judgment as 
between the Judges" of the Queen's Bench Ireland. 
"Whether, though unrivalled before a jury, he did not 
just fall short of being ranked among our most eminent 
lawyers, as he did of being classed as a writer of a supe- 
rior order, can hardly be disputed, but equally as a 
jurist, an orator, a man of sterling principle, and an 
Irishman, typically bright and genial, his memory will be 
preserved among those of our most eminent and excel- 
lent public men, being a conspicuous link wath the great 
men of the generation that went before." — Ibid, 



Born on the 12th August, 1806, at the Glebe-house, 
Delgany, the residence of his father, the Rev. WilHam 
Whiteside, rector of that parish, he had fully attained 
the ripe age of seventy years at the time of his univer- 
sally lamented death. 


Abbots, Hereditary Succession of, 87. 
Act of Attainder, 28, 107. 
Adamnanus, or St. Euden (bp. of 

Clogher), 93. 
AiDAN, S. (bp. of Clogher), 92. 
Aldfred (King of Northumberland, 

a pupil at Gold), 13 ; his GaeHc 

Poem, 13. 
Armstrong, Rev. Wm., his tablet, 

Ashe, St. George (bp. of Clogher), 96. 
Autographs of Enniskillen men (in 

1688), 30. 

Baptisms, early entries of, in the Re- 
gister, 69. 

Battle of ' Ford of the Biscuits,' 2. 

Bell, C. L. (curate of Tempo), 109 ; 
Greek inscription on tombstone, 

Bells, Peal of, in church, 44 ; donors' 
names, 48. 

Beresford, Lord John George, (bp. 
of Clogher, Archbishop of Dub 
lin. Archbishop of Armagh, 98. 

Beresford, M. G. (Archbishop of 
Armagh and bp. of United Dio- 
cese). 98. 

Betty, Lieut. C. S., his tablet, 126. 

Boyle, Roger (bp. of Clogher), 96. 

Bradshaw, W. H. (curate), no; in- 
cumb. of Kilskeery, 124. 

Brassplates in Chancel, 57. 

Bull^ns, paper on Rock-markings, &c., 

Burgesses, names of first in Innis- 
killin, 5. 

Burke, Rev. William, his bequest to 
found a Scholarship for the Royal 
School, 81. 

Cartwright, Caleb (rector), 106. 
Cethlen, wife of Balor, i. 
Charitable Bequests, 47. 
Charter to W. Cole to build aTown,4. 
Chrisom, 142. 

Church (Irish) Act (1869), 25. 

Church Tempers. Act (Wm. IV.), 24. 

Churchwardens in 17th century, 31 ; 
items in accounts of, 70. 

Clayton, Robert (bp. of Clogher), 97. 

Cleary, R. p. (curate), 109 ; monu- 
ment, 136. 

Clogher, Bibhops of, 92-8 ; a seehouse 
and church built, 116. 

Clones, Parish Register, Extracts 
from, 31, 32. 

Cole, Family Lineage of, 75-7. 

Cole, General Sir G L., his statue in 
chancel, 58 ; brassplate on Fort- 
hill. 127. 

Cole, Hon. A. H., brassplate in chan- 
cel, 57. 

Cole, Viscount John W. M., his brass- 
plate, 57 

CoLERAiNE, Charter for, 18. 

College Livings in Ulster, 20. 

Commons of Enniskillen, first let to 
tenants, 8. 

Communion Plate, Gifts of, 46, 47. 

CoRRY, Captain Jas., house at Castle 
Coole burned down, 30 ; his losses 
and dignities, in. 

CouRCY, Edmond (bp. of Clogher), 93.- 

Creighton, Colonel Abraham, no. 

Creighton, Major-General David, 

Cromwell, Thomas (Earl of Essex), 
Vicar-CJeneral of England, insti- 
tuted Parish Registers, 66 ; his 
last words before execution, 121. 

Crozier, F., inscription on tombstone, 

Crumpe, Richard (rector), 105. 

CuLiN, Patrick (bp. of Clogher), 94. 

Cup, old sacramental, gift of E. 
Davis, n. 

Curates of the Parish, 109. 

Dane, Paul, Provost, 31. 
Dane, Richard, his tablet, 127. 
Davidson, B. C. (curate), no- 



Davies, Sir John, first M.P. for Fer- 
managh, 78 ; Lord Chief Justice of 
England, 78 ; literary remains, 79. 

Davis, Edward, donor of sacramental 

cup, II. 

Devenish, ruins on, 84 ; inquisition of 

Jurors, 85 
Dobbin, William (rector), 106. 
Drumgay Loch, bullans at, loi. 
Duncan, James (curate), 109. 
Dunkin, Henry (curate), 109. 

EccLES, Daniel, his mural tablet, 125. 
Enniskillen, Baron of, 'Macgwyre,' 

Enniskillen, Jane, Countess of, her 

memorial window, 57 
Enniskillen, John W., 2nd Earl of, 

his monument, 58. 
Erne, the Earls of, 119. 
Erne lake, ruins of sacred places on 

shores of, 13. 
Essex, Earl of, his last words, 121, 

Fellows (T.C.D.) who became rectors, 
27, 28. 

'FERMANAGH, gentry and clergy^ named 
in the Act of Attainder, 108. 

Fire, great, at Enniskillen (1705), 6. 

Forester, Charles (curate), iii. 

Foster, William (bp. of Clogher), 97. 

Fronde's 'English in Ireland,' unjust 
strictures in, refuted, 112. 

Garvary Church built, 23. 
Gifts of Communion Plate, 46, 47. 
Glebelands of the Parish, 20. 
Greer, George S. (curate), no. 
Greer, Samuel (rector), 107. 
Gunning, Jas., tablet, 127. 

Hamilton, Andrew, Certificate on his 
behalf, 31, 112 ; rector of Kil- 
skeery, 122. 

Hamilton, Gustavus, the Governor, 
• 6, 146. 

Hamilton, Gustavus (Governor of 
Athlone), Viscount Boyne, 147. 

Hamilton, Gustavus (curate), 29, 109. 

Hastings, Thomas, rector of Kil- 
skeery, 122 ; Archdeacon of Dub- 
lin, 123. 

Higginbotham, Thomas (curate), 109. 

Hone, Nathaniel (curate of Tempo), 

Hughes, Thomas (curate), no. 

Iniscaion, ruins on, 12. 

Iniscaithlen, Irish name of Ennis- 
killen, I. 

Iniskeen of Daigh, 10. 

Innismacsaint. parson of, his sons, 16. 

Inquisition of Fermanagh Jurors on 
Abbey of Devenish, 83. 

Irvine, A. H. (curate of Kilskeery), 
his tablet, 124. 

Johnston, Archibald (curate), in. 
Johnston, Thomas (curate), 29, 109. 

Kilskeery graveyard,old tombstones 

in, 90, 122. 
Kilskeery, Parish, whence its name, 

Kilskeery, Rectors of, 122-4. 

Laserian, S. (bp. of Clogher), 92. 

Leard, Henry (curate of Tempo), 109. 

Lesley, John (bp. of Clogher;, 95. 

Lesley, Robert (bp. of Clogher), 96. 

Leslie, Charles, his numerous writ- 
ings, 146. 

Lindsay, Samuel (rector), 106. 

Lisgoole Abbeys, 82, 83 ; the burial- 
place of the Lords ' Rlaguire,' 83. 

LoFTus, Lord Robert P. Tottenham 
(bp. of Clogher), 98. 

Longfellow's Poem, 'The Reaper 
and the Flowers,' 64. 

Lyte, HenryFrancis, poetical remains, 

Macartin, S. (ist bp. of Clogher), 92. 

]MacCathsaid(3 bps. of Clogher), 93. 

McLaurin, John (curate), no. 

Macmael Kiakan Maelisa (bp. of 
Clogher), 93. 

MciSIuLLEN. Anne, her epitaph, 64. 

Magee, William (Archbishop of Dub- 
lin), life and character, 150, 151. 

Magee, W. Connor (rector), 28 ; dean 
of Cork and bp. of Peterborough, 

Magrath, Milar (bp. of Clogher), 94. 

Maguire, Cathal, his eulogy, 15 ; 
literary remains, 144, 145. 

Maguire, Peter (bp. of Clogher). 93. 

Maguire, Ross (bp. of Clogher), 93. 

Maguire, Shane, his pathetic letter 
against Shane O'Neill. 99, 100. 

Makeston, Dean (precentor of 
Clogher), 103. 

Marriage of Irish Clergy in the Mid- 
dle Ages, 14-16, 88. 

Mathias, John A. (curate), no; 
Archdeacon of Colombo, no. 

Maude, Hon. J. C. (rector), his tab- 
let, 53, 107. 

Middleton, Geoffry, ist Master of 
Royal School, 80. 

Milton, John, registry of baptism, 

Mitchell, Andrew (rector), 106. 

MoNAGHAN Co., gentry and clergy in 
Act of Attainder, 108. 

Montgomery, Geo. (bp. of Clogher) 

Moutrav, Alex, (curate) 109. 



Noble, Mark, built Portora house, 81. 

O'Cervallan, Hugh (bp. of Clogher, 

the last appointed by a Pope, 94. 
O'Donnells' Assaults on Castle of 

Enniskillen, 2, 3. 
Ogham-stone near Tempo, 102. 
O'HowEN, Matt, chaplain of Inis- 

caion, his son, 14. 
O'Leakv, David (curate), no 
0']\IoRGAiR, Christian(bp. of Clogher), 

O'Neill, Shane, at Elizabeth's Court, 

89; ravages ' the Maguire country, 

22, 99 ; his assassination, 90. 
OvEXDEN, Chas. M.D., gift of, 46. 
Ovens, Jas. (Precentor of Clogher), 


Patrick, S., his Confession and Creed, 
86, 87. 

Petition from Corporation after the fire 
(in 1705), 7. 

Plunket, W. C, birth and distin- 
guished career of, 148, 149. 

Pokrich's Tombstone, 51 ; fac-simile 

of, I2T. 

Porter, John (bp. of Clogher), 98. 
Porter, J. Grey (rector of Kilskeery), 

his munificence to Dio. of Clogher, 

Portora House built, 81. 
Portraits of William and Mary, 8. 
Precentors of Clogher Cathedral, 103. 
Provosts of Enniskillen Borough, some 

of the early, 31. * 

PuBBLE, Chapel-of-Ease, 23 ; bullans 

near, loi. 
Rectors of Inishkeene promoted to 

dignities, 28. 
Regimental colours in chancel, 49. 
Robinson, T. Romney (rector), 106. 
Rockmarkings, &c., paper on, 12 — 

Rynd, D., jun. (Provost, &c.), 125. 
Rynd, Mrs. D.,sen., her tablet, 52,125. 

Shakspere's baptismal entry, 141. 
Sheridan, Robert (rector), 104. 
Slacke, Jas. (ist rector), 20, 103. 
Smith, John (rector), 28 ; precentor, 

103 : dean of Limerick, bp. of Kil- 

lala, 104. 
Smyth, Thomas (rector), 28 ; dean of 

Emly, bp. of Limerick, 28, 105. 
Smyth, Thomas (rector, 1772), 38, ig6. 

Spottiswood, Jas. (bp. of Clogher), 

residing at Portora Castle, 34, 114; 

built a seehouse at Clogher, 116; 

death, it8. 
Stearnh, John (bp. of Clogher), his 

munificent bequests, 96, 97. 
Steel, Alex, (curate), 109. 
Steele, William, principal of Royal 

School, 81, 82. 
Steuart, Andrew (curate of Pubble), 

Stephens, Alexander (curate), in. 
Stewart, William, jNLD,, monument 

of self and family, 65, 136. 
Storey. Joseph (rector of Kilskeery 

bp. of Killaloe), 122. 

Tempo church built, 23, loi. 
Tennison, Richard (bp. of Clogher}, 

Tigernach, S. (bp. of Clogher), 92. 
Tyrone, Earl of, Shane ' O'Demus ' 

O'Neill, 17, 22, 89, 90, 99. 

Ulster, Plantation of, 17, 18, 19. 

Verschoyle, R., (prebendary of Kil- 
skeery), 124. 

Vincent, William (rector), 46, 66, 104. 

Vincent, Elizabeth, her mural tablet, 
52, 53- 

Virasel, Samuel (rector), 106. 

Wakeman, W.jF., his paper on Rock- 
markings, Bullkns, &c., 12. — foot 

Webb, Richard (curate of Tempo), 

Webbe, Ezekiel (rector), 28 ; dean ot 
Limerick, 28, 105. 

Weir, William (curate), 109. 

White, John (curate), 109. 

White, N. B. (curate), 109. 

Whiteside, Right Hon. James, M.P. 
for the borough, sketch of, 152, 153. 

Whittaker, John (curate, &;c., ot 
Tempo), 109, no. 

Whittaker, Mark (curate), rector ot 
Bohoe, 109, 

Wilson, Robert (curate), no. 

Wood, William Henry, tablet of, 126, 

Year began 25th March up to 1752, 71. 
Young, Matthew (ist rector of Kil- 
skeery), 122. 



A. The Lineage of Maguire, Chief of Fermanagh ... ... 75 

B. The Lineage of the Noble Family of Cole ... ... 75 

C. Sir John Davies ... ... ... ... ... 78 

D. The Royal School of Enniskillen (now called Portora) ... 80 

E. The Abbey of Lisgoole ... ... ... ... 82 

F. The Island of Devenish ... ... ... ... 84 

G. St. Patrick and Early Church of Ireland ... ... 86 

H. Hereditary Officials in Irish Church ... ... ... 87 

L Shane O'Neill, " The Proud" ... 89 

J. The Diocese of Clogher ... ... ... ... 91 

K. The Six Days' Labour Act ... ... ... ... 98 

L. The Ravages of the O'Neill... ... ... ... 99 

M. Chapel of Ease at Pubble removed to Tempo ... ... 100 

N. The Order of Privy Council (1856) ... ... ...102 

O. The Precentorship of S. Macartin ... ... ... 103 

P. The Rectors of Inishkeene {alias Enniskillen) Parish ... 103 

Q. The Act of Attainder (1689) ... ... ...107 

R. The Curates- Assistant ... ... ... ... 109 

S. Captain James Corry ... ... ... ... iii 

T. Certificate of Rev. Andrew Hamilton... ... ... 1 12 

U. The Old Castle at Portora, the residence of Bishop 

Spottiswood ... ... ... ... ... 113 



V. Commission to Mr. Hugh Hamilton and' Mr. Allan 

Cathcart ... ... ... ... ... 120 

W. Curious Inscriptions on two Old Tombstones ... ... 121 

X. Full Inscriptions of Mural Tablets not previously in- 
serted ... ... ... ... ... ... 125 

Y. The Honors of G^n. Sir G. L. Cole inscribed on Brass 

Plate ... ... ... ... ... ... 127 

Z. Inscriptions on several of the Tombstones in the Church- 
yard ... ... ... ... ... ... 128 

AA. Parochial Registers ... ... .. . ... 141 

BB. The Irish Timber Act, 10, Wm. III. ... ... 144 

CC. Eminent Persons connected with the Parish, Borough, 

and Royal School of Enniskillen in the Past... ... 144 

Date Due 



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